Melfem-English Dictionary

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Introduction

This is a dictionary of Melfem, a constructed language. Words are alphabetized as in English, except that - (representing the sound /ə̥/ or /ə/ in diphthongs) is also considered a letter, and it comes at the end of the alphabet after y. is ignored for purposes of alphabetization.

Each word and irregular form has it sporn

A number of idiomatic phrases and collocations are listed. For consistency, combinations of verb and nouns are always listed with the verb; those of several nouns are listed with the first word in the phrase. In these entries, a tilde (~) stands for the head word.

Grammatical specifications

Parts of speech are indicated in italics for each Melfem entry. The following abbreviations are used:

a adjective
adv adverb
c conjunction
d determiner
i interjection
n noun
num number
pre prepositional
pro pronoun
v verb

Verbs are further specified for what complement they take. The abbreviations listed below are used to indicate complement type (or lack thereof), and are placed in each verbal entry following the part of speech marker (v-).

ab ablative
al allative
i intransitive
l locative
p perlative
s sentential
t transitive
v verbal

When a word has certain irregular forms, they are noted:

def definite
cl collective
pl plural
sg singulative
Etymologies

Etymologies for some words are given in square brackets at the end of an entry. The following abbreviations are used:

obs obsolete
old older form
trunc truncation

a

abia /ˈabja/ n. frog

abwȇch /aˈbu.ɛχ/ v-t. start (Obj: fire)

acegc /aˈkɛnk/ d. (pl. tagcegc) each (of)

achach /aˈχaχ/ a. drunk

adh /að/ n. neck

afnesaian /aɸnɛsa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. heal, cure; 2. fix, repair [afnes- ‘get up’ + -ai]

afneseb /aɸnɛˈsɛb/ v-i. stand up, get up, rise, arise

afnot /aɸˈnot/ d. (pl. tafnot) most

agcfodh /anˈkɸoð/ a. golden, gold [an- + cfodh ‘gold’]

aibes /ˈa͡ɪ̯bɛs/ n. food

aichant /ˈa͡ɪ̯χant/ n. walking, going

airescoȇch /a͡ɪ̯rɛˈsko.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. stir, mix; 2. make a mess of

alescashȗat /alɛˈskaʃwat/ n. pillow

allit /aˈɬit/ n. 1. ball, lump; 2. joint

alot /aˈlot/ n. sun

an-asc /aˈnə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. tant-asc /tanˈtə͡a̯sk/) surprise

anfadha /anˈɸaða/ a. silver, silvery [an- + fadha ‘silver’]

anp-shin /anpə̥ˈʃin/ a. 1. mucillagenous; 2. slippery [an- + p-shin ‘mucus’]

aplwr /aˈplur/ n. clan

apȏȃt /aˈpo̯͡ɔt/ a. released, loose, at large, escaped

ar /ar/ c. and [conjoins subjects, or objects of a negative verb]

as /as/ v-i. go, walk

ascoalc /aˈskɔlk/ n. (pl. noascoalch /nɔˈskɔlχ/) crow, raven

aseb /aˈsɛb/ v-s. imagine

asnachwn /asnaˈχun/ a. serious, real, actual

asnofan /asnoˈɸan/ v-i. travel, migrate [as ‘go’ + -nof]

asuedh /aˈswɛð/ n. procession, march [as ‘go’ + -uedh]

asyreb /asiˈrɛb/ v-t. 1. punish, take vengeance on; 2. repay, pay back, recompense, compensate

atiw̑ /aˈti.u/ n. oak tree

b

bachpwr /baχˈpur/ n. spoon, scoop

bascoach /baˈskɔχ/ n. cannibal

basinin /basiˈnin/ n-cl. (def. cl. basinigc /basiˈnink/, sg. basinȇgc /baˈsinɛnk/, def. sg. basicna /baˈsikna/) taxes, fines, tribute

bedh /bɛð/ n. (def. bwdh /buð/, pl. boedh /bo̯͡ɛð/, def. pl. bewdh /bɛˈuð/) scorpion

besȏar /bɛˈso̯͡ar/ n. mushroom

besoentan /bɛso̯͡ɛnˈtan/ v-ab. geld, castrate

boalb /bɔlb/ n. flour

boasan /bɔˈsan/ n. be present, be here, be there

bȏash /bo̯͡aʃ/ a. stupid, dumb

c

cadh /kað/ a. 1. thin, slim; 2. shallow

caibȇnt /ˈka͡ɪ̯bɛnt/ n. reign

calechan /kalɛˈχan/ v-t. cook, prepare (food)

calno /ˈkalno/ a. black

canian /kaˈnjan/ v-ab. obey

capefen /kapɛˈɸɛn/ v-i. fail

carmȇr /ˈkarmɛr/ n. wall

carmys /karˈmis/ n. city

carpesh /karˈpɛʃ/ n. horse (def. carpa-sh /karˈpa͡əʃ/)

catedh /kaˈtɛð/ n. emptiness

catet /kaˈtɛt/ a. empty

cays /kaˈis/ adv. often, frequently

ceb-ran /kɛbə̥ˈran/ v-i. answer, reply, respond

cegcwyȇch /kɛnkuˈi.ɛχ/ v-t. insult

celich /kɛˈliχ/ n. soup

cell /kɛɬ/ v-t. uproot, pull out (plant, tree)

celleb /kɛˈɬɛb/ v-i. be born

cemaint /kɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 256

cen /kɛn/ pro. he

cenecuo̾ac /kɛˈnɛkwɔk/ a. 1. clean; 2. smooth

cescuan /kɛˈskwan/ v-i. toil

cfay /ˈkɸa.i/ n. back (of body)

cfa-nwn /ˈkɸa͡ə̯nun/ a. holy, sacred

cfodh /kɸoð/ n. gold

cfon /kɸon/ n. (pl. acaint /aˈka͡ɪ̯nt/) rock, stone

ch /χ/ pro. you (sg.)

chalchi /ˈχalχi/ n. (pl. chali-ch /ˈχaljə̥χ/) chief, warlord

challen /χaˈɬɛn/ v-t. steal

challenw̑s /χaˈɬɛnus/ n. (pl. chwllnws /χuɬˈnus/) thief

chebȃn /ˈχɛban/ v-i. fall

chemant /χɛˈmant/ n. 1. standing, quality, character, position; 2. skill, talent; 3. use, function, role

chemuȏch /χɛˈmu͡o̯χ/ v-t. drink (alcohol)

chesan /χɛˈsan/ v-i. stand; v-s. be a certain way, be such that

choa /χɔ/ n. (def. choal /χɔl/) place, area, space, spot [trunc. cholo̾al]

choagc /χɔnk/ n. bear

choaluin /χɔlˈwin/ n-cl. siege

choanofan /χɔnoˈɸan/ v-l. be located at

choef /χo̯͡ɛɸ/ num. zero

choel-sh /ˈχoɛ̯lə̥ʃ/ a. old

chui /χwi/ d. other, else: noayst chui ‘something else’

chwgcan /χunˈkan/ v-t. do something quickly, rapidly, hurry with; v-i. be started, surprised

chwgcnofan /χunknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. hurry, rush (Obj: person); 2. shove, push; 3. startle, surprise [chwgc- ‘hurry’ + -nof]

cint-at /kinˈtə͡a̯t/ v-t. be gentle to

cithw /kiˈθu/ n. 1. hand; 2. handful; 3. grip, hold

clellier /klɛˈɬjɛr/ n. butterfly

clob /klob/ a. heavy; ~ plyedhw̑ deep-voiced, low-pitched

coachan /kɔˈχan/ v-t. eat

coala /ˈkɔla/ n. 1. door; 2. lid, cover

cȏantȗash /ˈko̯͡antwaʃ/ n. gate

cȏarmȏar /ko̯͡arˈmo̯͡ar/ n. purr, purring

cobeb /koˈbɛb/ v-al. complain about

codhe̾ /ˈkoðɛwɛ/ n-cl. wood grain

coember /ˈko̯͡ɛmbɛr/ n. egg

coetwn /ko̯͡ɛˈtun/ n. beautiful, pretty, handsome, good-looking

collaian /koɬa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. placate, appease, pacify; 2. reassure, relax, calm, assure, comfort, console [coll- ‘make peace’ + -ai]

collan /koˈɬan/ v-t. reconcile with, make peace with, come to an agreement with

conoc /koˈnok/ n. year

copot /koˈpot/ n. seriousness

cuȃthan /ku͡a̯ˈθan/ v-i. play

cueletan /kwɛlɛˈtan/ v-t. feel, sense, taste

cuoap /kwɔp/ n. candle

cuȏplwn /ku͡o̯ˈplun/ v. succeed, work, function

cwf /kuɸ/ n. nose, snout

cwlcȏap /kulˈko̯͡ap/ n. 1. post, column, baluster, beam; 2. frame

cwlinsh /kuˈlinʃ/ a. sour

cwuamp /kuˈwamp/ n-cl. shoe

cylab /kiˈlab/ n. well

cynt /kint/ v-t. feed

c-ab /kə͡a̯b/ n. oil

c-lac /kə̥ˈlak/ n. pond

c-lcob /kə̥lˈkob/ n-cl. (sg. c-lcogc /kə̥lˈkonk/) rabbit

c-t’afash /kə̥taˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. on the skin

d

dham /ðam/ a. low, low-lying (land)

dhascan /ðaˈskan/ v-ab, v-s. forget, miss, overlook, neglect (to do something)

dhe /ðɛ/ c. and [conjoins verb phrases, or direct objects of an affirmative verb]

dhegc /ðɛnk/ n. radish

dher /ðɛr/ v-t. thresh

dhesh /ðɛʃ/ n. house

dhesht-r /ˈðɛʃtə̥r/ v-t, v-s. think about, ponder; n. thought, pondering

dhesht-r’ioan /ðɛʃtə̥rˈjɔn/n. dream [dhesht-r ‘thought’ + ioan ‘sleep’]

dhim /ðim/ n-cl. ashes

dhoab’afash /ðɔbaˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. lofty, high up

dhoabab /ðɔˈbab/ n. cloud

dhoabeb /ðɔˈbɛb/ v-t. 1. stack, pile up; 2. put together, assemble

dhoabebwr /ðɔˈbɛb/ n. mortar [dhoabeb ‘stack’ + -wr]

dhoacwȇch /ðɔˈku.ɛχ/ v-i. shoot up, grow up quickly (esp. plants)

dhoacwl /ðɔˈkul/ n. tower

dhoan /ðɔn/ v-al. put

dhodh /ðoð/ n. moon

dhoeluet /ðo̯͡ɛˈlwɛt/ v-t. be named, be called

dhoelw̑ /ˈðo̯͡ɛlu/ n. name

dhonȏaman /ðono̯͡aˈman/ v-i. be hungry

dhwmintian /ðumintiˈan/ v-t. sacrifice

e

ebas /ɛˈbas/ n. friend

ebasȇt /ɛˈbasɛt/ n. 1. friend of a friend; 2. mutual friend [ebas- ‘friend’ + ȇt]

ebeien /ɛbɛˈjɛn/ v-t. 1. protect; 2. guard, watch

echuent /ɛˈχwɛnt/ a. 1. tight, stuck; 2. difficult, hard

eclair /ɛkˈla͡ɪ̯r/ n. bridge

ecnanan /ɛknaˈnan/ v-t. tempt

ecȏȃgc /ɛˈko̯͡ɔnk/ n. crown

ecȏatı̑c /ɛˈko̯͡atik/ n. crazy person, insane person, nut

edhan /ɛˈðan/ v-al. make, build, create; v-ab. use, utilize

efan /ɛˈɸan/ v-t. arrest, detain

egc /ɛnk/ num. one

egcȏan /ɛnˈko̯͡an/ v-t. react, respond to

elisti /ɛˈlisti/ n. witch (pl. sa-listi /sa͡ə̯ˈlisti/)

elistiȇt /ɛˈlistjȇt/ n. bewitched person (pl. sa-listiȇt /sa͡ə̯ˈlistjɛt/) [elisti- ‘witch’ + ȇt]

eller /ɛˈɬɛr/ a. new, different, other

ellit /ɛˈɬit/ n. chain

elmȏt /ˈɛlmot/ n. wrath, fury, rage

elwchan /ɛluˈχan/ v-t. change into, transform into, become

emigcan /ɛminˈkan/ v-i. 1. be rough, uneven; 2. be hoarse, raspy; 3. be poorly done; 4. be sloppy, messy

enchȏatogc /ɛnˈχo̯͡atonk/ n. lightning

enoet /ɛˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. piece of clothing, clothes

epȏȃnen /ɛpo̯͡ɔˈnɛn/ v-i. 1. be short (height); 2. slouch; 3. be young

epȏantȃc /ɛˈpo̯͡antak/ v-i. appear, show up, come

epyscan /ɛpiˈskan/ v-t. torment, hound, harrass, oppress

ep-t /ˈɛpə̥t/ v-t. lie about, falsify, misrepresent

esc /ɛsk/ n. full moon

esc̾il /ɛsˈχil/ n. soil, earth, land

escoadh /ɛˈskɔð/ v-t. prune (tree)

escueth /ɛˈskwɛθ/ n. snail

esh’calech /ɛʃkaˈlɛχ/ n. good impression

eshc-p /ˈɛʃkə̥p/ adv. maybe, possibly

eshel /ɛˈʃɛl/ n. arrow

eshigcw̑ /ɛˈʃinku/ n. war

eshigcuȇt /ɛˈʃinkwɛt/ n. prisoner of war, captive [eshigcw̑- ‘war’ + ȇt]

eswtan /ɛsuˈtan/ v-i. burp

esyll /ɛˈsiɬ/ n. argument, debate, disagreement

es-ch /ˈɛsə̥χ/ n. (pl. nosc-ch /ˈnoskə̥χ/) wolf

etfian /ɛtˈɸjan/ v-t. throw, hurl; v-s. plan, intend

ȇtoe /ɛtˈɸjan/ v-t. throw, hurl; v-s. plan, intend

etrafan /ɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. 1. sink; 2. drown; 3. retreat, withdraw, pull back, go away; 4. fade; 5. set (S: sun)

etref /ɛˈtrɛɸ/ n. 1. sinking; 2. drowning; 3. retreat, withdrawal, pullback; 4. sorrow, regret; 5. fading; 6. sunset

euoab /ɛˈwɔb/ n. arm

f

fadha /ˈɸaða/ a. silver

fan /ɸan/ n. who?

fashagc /ɸaˈʃank/ n. mosquito

felfȏan /ɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. reside, live (in a place)

feloa /ˈɸɛlɔ/ n. (pl. llefeloa) mouse

fen /ɸɛn/ n. bed

ferȇn /ˈɸɛrɛn/ v-i, v-t. sing

fin /ɸin/ n. mistake, screwup, blunder

findhesh /ɸinˈðɛʃ/ n. village [fin- + dhesh- ‘house’]

finent /ɸiˈnɛnt/ n. importance, significance, gravity

finetrafan /ɸinɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. dive [fin- + etraf- ‘sink’]

finfelfȏan /ɸinɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. settle, colonize [fin- + felfȏ- ‘live’]

finmerȏan /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. instruct, direct [fin- + mero- ‘tell’]

finmeroedh /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡an/ vn. instruction, direction, plan, method [fin- + meroedh ‘tell’]

finshoalch /ɸinˈʃɔlχ/ v-i. hide [fin- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

finsnirnofan /ɸinsnirnoˈɸan/ v-al. water, irrigate

foȃ /ˈɸo.a/ n-cl. wind

fȏȃn /ɸo̯͡ɔn/ n. (pl. yfȏȃnt /iˈɸo̯͡ɔnt/) boy

foaran /ɸɔˈran/ v-s. know

fȏarnȏc /ˈɸo̯͡arnok/ v-t. 1. break, crack, fracture, snap, rupture, burst; 2. ruin, disable

foayst /ɸɔˈist/ n. blanket

foch /ɸoχ/ n. happening, occurance, time, instance

focuan /ɸoˈkwan/ v-t. 1. give; 2. show, demonstrate (Obj: quality, emotion)

fom /ɸom/ v-i. how?

fomuedh /ɸoˈmwɛð/ n. way [fom ‘how?’ + -uedh]; ~ nuȏt-c grammar

font /ɸont/ n. (def. fȏant /ˈɸo̯͡ant/, pl. llefont /ɬɛˈɸont/, def. pl. llefȏant /ɬɛˈɸo̯͡ant/) spear

foth /ɸoθ/ n. (def. foth-ch /ˈɸoθə̥χ) work, labor, toil

fwafesan /ɸuˌaɸɛˈsan/ v-i. laugh

fwrwshin /ɸuruˈʃin/ n-cl. (def. cl. fwrwshigc /ɸuruˈʃink/) 1. dread, trepidation, terror, anxiety; 2. trembling, shaking, tremors, shivering, shuddering

fwt /ɸut/ n. trellis

fyf /ɸiɸ/ a. simple, uncomplicated

i

iachel /jaˈχɛl/ n. (def. iach-al /jaˈχə͡a̯l/, def. tafiachel /taɸjaˈχɛl/, def. tafiach-al /taɸjaˈχə͡a̯l/) land [pl.: world]

iafie /ˈjaɸjɛ/ n. treasure

iagch /jaχ/ n. food storage structure

iapte /ˈjaptɛ/ n. mountain

iapte̾ /ˈjaptɛwɛ/ n-cl. foothills

iasaiasȇsh /jasa͡ɪ̯ˈasɛʃ/ n. thunder

iascolen /jaskoˈlɛn/ v-p. feel, experience, express, portray; ~ cfon be stubborn

iblif /ibˈliɸ/ n. cane, staff

icasat /ikaˈsat/ v-ab. 1. flee, escape; 2. spill, drip, leak, overflow

iceshan /ikɛˈʃan/ v-p. suffer

iceshmy /iˈkɛʃmi/ n. indigestion, stomache

ichlich /iχˈliχ/ a. dark, murky [old. chlich]

icnuȃ /ikˈnu͡a̯/ n. beard

icnuȃe̾ /ikˈnu͡a̯wɛ/ n-cl. stubble

icnyn /ikˈnin/ n. pickaxe

icȏall /iˈko̯͡aɬ/ n. chicken

idhe /ˈiðɛ/ n. king

idhȏt /ˈiðot/ a. warm

ielȇsai /jɛlɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. impossible, implausible

ierachan /jɛraˈχan/ v-i. mash, blend

ieswcht /jɛˈsuχt/ a. wonderful, marvelous

ieth /jɛθ/ num. three

iethwshan /jɛθuˈʃan/ v-al. lie in wait for, stalk

ifalan /iɸaˈlan/ v-t. stop, cease (Obj: activity) v-p. use up, finish, exhaust

ifniesh /iɸˈnjɛʃ/ n. question

igcedh /inˈkɛð/ n. (pl. wgcedh /unˈkɛð/) cave

igcescuan /inkɛˈskwan/ v-t. plow, work soil [in- + cescuan ‘toil’]

igcoala /inˈkɔla/ n. trapdoor [in- + coala ‘door’]

ilch /ilχ/ v-t. expel, push out

illish /iˈɬiʃ/ v-i. crack

illo /ˈiɬo/ n. onion

ilnȏt /ˈilnot/ n. (def. ilent /iˈlɛnt/, pl. toelnȏt /ˈto̯͡ɛlnot/, def. pl. toelent /to̯͡ɛˈlɛnt/) cloth, piece of cloth, rag

ilodh /iˈloð/ n. (pl. sȃil-adh /sa͡ɪ̯ˈlə͡að/) jewel, gem

ilofen /iloˈɸɛn/ adv. 1. try, attempt; 2. guess

ilotaichant /iˌlota͡ɪ̯ˈχant/ n. trail, path [ilot- + aichant ‘walking’]

iloteshigcw̑ /iˌlotɛˈʃinku/ n. battlefield, battleground [ilot- + eshigcw̑ ‘war’]

ilotinwnȏȃmp /iˌlotinuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky, heavens [ilot- + nwnȏȃmp ‘sky’]

ilotithy /iˌlotiˈθi/ n. bottom of the sea [ilot- + thy ‘bottom’]

ilwm /iˈlum/ v-i. close one's eyes

ilycant /iliˈkant/ v-al. start, begin

impaltan /impalˈtan/ v-i. crawl [in- + paltan ‘walk’]

indhwf /inˈðuɸ/ v-p. flood [in- + thwf ‘rain’]

inetfian /inɛtˈɸjan/ v-t. throw to the ground [in- + etfian ‘throw’]

inlwnan /inluˈnan/ v-t. slither

inoatan /inɔˈtan/ v-t. bury

inoraian /inoraˈjan/ v-t. lie down [in- + oraian ‘be tall’]

inoscan /inoˈskan/ v-t. smear, spread [in- + oscan ‘spread, disperse’]

inshoalch /inˈʃɔlχ/ v-al. be absorbed into [in- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

inswpan /insuˈpan/ v-i. create shade, cast a shadow [in- + iswp ‘shadow’]

intel-t /inˈtɛlə̥t/ (pl. rwntel-t /runˈtɛlə̥t/) n. valley

intethȗon /inˈtɛθwon/ v-i. run

intwcha /inˈtuχa/ n-cl. (sg. intwgc /inˈtunk/) rat

intypan /intiˈpan/ v-t. push into the ground

iny /ˈini/ n. strength, force, power

inynint /iniˈnint/ n. confusion, befuddlement, disorder, disarray

ioan /jɔn/ n. sleep

ioaych /jɔˈiχ/ n. (pl. wiach /uˈjaχ/) broth

ioȇf /ˈjo.ɛɸ/ v-al. dissemble, pretend to be

iofsw̑ /ˈjoɸ.su/ n. disguise

ipras /ipˈras/ n. fever

ipwp-l /iˈpupə̥l/ n. story, legend, myth

iptetot /iptɛˈtot/ n. which part?, which side?

irich, irichan /iˈriχ iriˈχan/ v-t. be cruel to

irierachan /irˌjɛraˈχan/ v-t. blend

iscȃsh /ˈiskaʃ/ n. older brother

iscȏȃmp /iˈsko̯͡ɔmp/ n. 1. great urgency, desperation; 2. utmost, maximal, sheer, all-out, ultimate, greatest

ismynt /isˈmint/ a. hideous, repulsive, revolting, disgusting, horrible, horrifying, horrific

isna /ˈisna/ n. (pl. uesna /ˈwɛsna/, def. pl. wsnac /usˈnak/) ear

isnir /isˈnir/ n. river

isniran /isniˈran/ v-i. 1. flow, pour; 2. slip, slide

isnirnofan /isnirnoˈɸan/ v-t. pour

isnoch /isˈnoχ/ n. guest

isnyn /isˈnin/ v-i. 1. be sleepy, drowsy; 2. rock, sway

isnynȏt /isˈninot/ n. wave [isnyn + -nȏt ‘rock, sway’]

ispotȃp /isˈpotap/ n. recipe

ispwn /isˈpun/ d. only, sole, alone

iswp /iˈsup/ n. shadow

itco /ˈitko/ a. brown, gray

itegcwlch /itɛnˈkulχ/ n-cl. (sg. itegthw /iˌtɛˈθu/) hail: itegcwlch thwfia ‘it's hailing’

ith /iθ/ n. hook, clasp, handle, knob

ithioac /iˈθjɔk/ n. (pl. wthioac /uˈθjɔk/) forest, woods

itȏan /iˈto̯͡an/ v-t. 1. betray, double-cross (politically), renege; 2. surprise, be unexpected

itoeshȗash /iˈto̯͡ɛʃwaʃ/ n. bark, barking

itreby̑s /itˈrɛbis/ v-t. wash, clean

iwno̾ap /ˈjunɔp/ n. festival, holiday

iwteb /juˈtɛb/ v-i. defend oneself, resist, fight back

l

laleb /laˈlɛb/ v-i. live, be alive; v-ab. survive

lalpoa /ˈlalpɔ/ n. life

ledh’cemaint /ˌlɛðkɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 128

lef /lɛɸ/ pro. she

leiem /lɛˈjɛm/ n. crop

lelchlich /lɛlχˈliχ/ a. irritable, surly, digruntled, grumbly [lel- + old. chlich ‘dark’]

lelfȏarnw̑ /lɛlˈɸo̯͡arnu/ a., n. 1. broken, cracked, fractured, snapped, ruptured, burst; 2. ruined, disabled; 3. dilapidated, worn, run-down, derelict; 4. no good, useless, worthless [lel- + fȏarnȏc ‘break, ruin’]

lelplyedhw̑ /lɛlpliˈɛðu/ a. talkative, garrulous, loquacious [lel- + plyedhw̑ ‘mouth’]

lelsyb /lɛlˈsib/ a. 1. laden with fruit; 2. weighed down, burdened; 3. fertile, fruitful, productive [lel- + syb ‘fruit’]

lemp /lɛmp/ n. anger

lentȃth /ˈlɛntaθ/ n. 1. range, reach, extent, territory, view, field of vision; 2. plan, prospects, outcome

lȇsai /lɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. possible, plausible

let /lɛt/ d. half

letich /lɛˈtiχ/ n. middle; pre. between

limansw̑ /liˈmansu/ n. knife

limes /liˈmɛs/ a. short (length)

limesan /limɛˈsan/ v-s. manage to, bring oneself to, set someone to

limesȇch /liˈmɛsɛχ/ v-t. 1. shorten, cut; 2. scrunch, squeeze, pucker, tighten; 3. dilute, water down, adulterate, weaken

liuegc /liˈwɛnk/ n-cl. seaweed

llais /ɬa͡ɪ̯s/ n. smoke

llaisan /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsan/ v-i. 1. cough; 2. smoke [emit smoke due to burning, not recreational smoking]

llaisauı̑sh /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsawiʃ/ n. chimney [llais ‘smoke’ + -auı̑sh]

llantwmysc /ˌɬantuˈmisk/ n. journey, trip

llan-sh /ˈɬanə̥ʃ/ n. flock, herd

llefoȇr /ɬɛˈɸo.ɛr/ n-cl. damage

llefoerauı̑sh /ɬɛɸo̯͡ɛˈrawiʃ/ n. patch, fix, repair [llefoȇr ‘damage’ + -auı̑sh]

llenȏatȗash /ɬɛˈno̯͡atwaʃ/ n-cl. panic, pandemonium, chaos, tumult

llif /ɬiɸ/ d. (pl. t-llif /tə̥ˈɬiɸ/) all

llin /ɬin/ a. good

lloash /ɬɔʃ/ n. love

lloashan /ɬɔˈʃan/ v-t. love

lloashe /ˈɬɔʃɛ/ c. (pl. t-lloashe /tə̥ˈɬɔʃɛ/) but, however, though

lloll /ɬoɬ/ n. tongue

llosa /ˈɬosa/ a. white

lloscan /ɬoˈskan/ v-i. roll

llunasi /ɬuˈnasi/ n. (pl. sallnasi /saɬˈnasi/) sea

llwrnen /ɬurˈnɛn/ v-ab. 1. put down; 2. give up, renounce; v-all. spare, leave be

llwsman /ɬusˈman/ v-t, v-s. suggest, recommend, propose

llwsmoth /ɬusˈmoθ/ n. suggestion, recommendation, proposal, idea

llyb /ɬib/ n-cl. (sg. llwȇgc /ˈɬu.ɛnk/) weeds

llynȏaran /ɬino̯͡aˈran/ v-i. swim

llynȏarnȏt /ɬiˈno̯͡arnot/ n. fin [llynoar- ‘swim’ + -nȏt]

lȏȃc /lo̯͡ɔk/ n. tree

loal /lɔl/ n. (def. loal-ch) guard

lochua /ˈloχwa/ a. red

loent /lo̯͡ɛnt/ a. next

logc /lonk/ n. shield

loltan /lolˈtan/ v-t. 1. close, shut; 2. fold up, roll up; v-i. 1. stop, cut it out; 2. give up v-p. cover, enclose

lolw /loˈlu/ n. (pl. t-shibȇt /tə̥ˈʃibɛt/) slave

lont /lont/ v-al. refuse

lwch /luχ/ n. kindness

lwlnw̑ /ˈlulnu/ v-t. weave

lwnodh /luˈnoð/ n. circle, ring

lwnwr /luˈnur/ n. snake

lwra /ˈlura/ pre. for

lwran /luˈran/ v-al. 1. want, desire; 2. mean

lwrtot /lurˈtot/ n. which? how? what? (when asking someone to clarify what they want or intend); d. whichever, however, whatever

lwt /lut/ num. seven

lym /lim/ n. younger brother

lyn /lin/ v-t. stop (Obj: someone); v-i. stumble, lose balance

l-asc /lə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. wl-sh /uˈlə̥ʃ) pot

m

machfwn /maχˈɸun/ n. prophet

machw /maˈχu/ n. wake, trail; pre. behind

machw’rȏan /maˈχu/ adv. last night

maran /maˈran/ v-s. say

marbielithen /marˌbjɛliˈθɛn/ v-i. chatter

maremw /marɛˈmu/ n. 1. waiting, lasting, living; 2. time; ~ iny persistence, determination, courage

maremwch /marɛˈmuχ/ n. era, age

marmai /ˈmarma͡ɪ̯/ a. green

marnonan /marnoˈnan/ v-p. nag, pester, push

marmwadh /marmuˈað/ v-l. 1. wait for; 2. last, live out

maruedh /marˈwɛð/ n. word [mar- ‘say’ + -uedh]

meieren /mɛjɛˈrɛn/ v-t. caress, pet

mel /mɛl/ n. person

melcan /mɛlˈkan/ v-t. hit, bump into

melfȇm /ˈmɛlɸɛm/ n. Melfem language

melfentan /mɛlɸɛnˈtan/ v-i. speak Melfem

meloet /mɛˈlo͡ɛt/ n. (pl. llemelȏet /ɬɛˈmɛlo̯͡ɛt/) brick

mema /ˈmɛma/ n-cl. (sg. memȇgc /ˈmɛmɛnk/) bubble

memetan /mɛmɛˈtan/ v-t. have (long-term)

merac /mɛˈrak/ a. 1. slow; 2. thick (consistency)

mera-p /mɛˈra͡ə̯p/ num. sixteen

mermȇsh /ˈmɛrmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. mermȇgc /ˈmɛrmɛnk/) fire

merȏan /mɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. tell

meroedh /mɛˈro̯͡ɛð/ n. telling

methit /mɛˈθit/ n. (pl. llemethit /ɬɛˈmɛθit/) bird

metoȇr /mɛˈto.ɛr/ n-cl. 1. power, authority; 2. mastery, proficiency

metot /mɛˈtot/ n. where?

mintan /minˈtan/ v-i. be sweet (taste)

mire /ˈmirɛ/ n. amount

miret /miˈrɛt/ v-i. increase, multiply

mȏant /mo̯͡ant/ n. grandmother

moelydh /ˈmo̯͡ɛlið/ n. mankind, humanity

mosar /moˈsar/ n-cl. boredom

mulwr /muˈlur/ n. (pl. samlwr) chair, seat

mwllan /muˈɬan/ v-t. 1. let soak, let sit; 2. dissolve

mwn /mun/ n. beauty, grace, dignity

mwp /mup/ n. (pl. mwiwp /muˈjup/) invader

mwplet /muˈplɛt/ v-t. halve, cut in half, split in half

mwpoar /muˈpɔr/ v-p. invade

mwr /mur/ n. waste, squandering

mwsc /musk/ n. finger

mwscan /muˈskan/ v-t. tie together, tie up, bundle; v-l. 1. pick at, scratch; 2. pluck

mydhw̑ /ˈmiðu/ n. family

myriun /mirˈjun/ v-t. excite

mysti /ˈmisti/ n. cook, chef

n

nainet /na͡ɪ̯ˈnɛt/ v-t. carve

naptyn /napˈtin/ n. (pl. noaftyn /nɔɸˈtin/) part, section, piece

nebwt /nɛˈbut/ v-i. rage, be furious

negcȏagc /nɛnˈko̯͡ank/ n. (pl. tantegcȏagc) bead

nelfie /ˈnɛlɸjɛ/ n. grandfather

nena /ˈnɛna/ n. head; pre. on

nentwchan /nɛntuˈχan/ v-i. 1. move (body); 2. change one's mind

netfi /ˈnɛtɸi/ n. 1. end; 2. last one; 3. limit, border

niaran /njaˈran/ n. tar, pitch, bitumen

niorȇsh /ˈnjorɛʃ/ n. shoulder

nipes /niˈpɛs/ pro. it

nish-ceb /niʃə̥ˈkɛb/ v-t. spy on, watch unseen (as when hunting), surveil, observe

noachw̑m /ˈnɔχum/ n-cl. (def. noachiam, noach-am /nɔˈχjam nɔχˈə͡a̯m/, sg. tochim /toˈχim/, sg. def. tochecna /toˈχɛkna/) seeds

nȏall /no̯͡aɬ/ n-cl. straw, thatch

noant /nɔnt/ v-al. look for, search for, seek

noapan /nɔˈpan/ v-i. cry

noapnȏt /ˈnɔpnot/ n. tear (fluid) [noap- ‘cry’ + -nȏt]

noaptw /nɔpˈtu/ n. (pl. inȏap /iˈno̯͡ap/) 1. stick; 2. pole, bar

noaran /nɔˈran/ v-i, v-l. stay, remain

noatac /nɔˈtak/ n. ice

noati /ˈnɔti/ n. sprout, shoot

noatian /nɔˈtjan/ v-i. sprout

noayst /nɔˈist/ n. 1. thing, object; 2. something

nochysh /noˈχiʃ/ n. disaster, tragedy

noeltan /no̯͡ɛlˈtan/ v-al. find, find out, discover, realize

noeltedh /no̯͡ɛlˈtɛð/ n. finding, discovery, realization

noetyscauı̑sh /no̯͡ɛtiˈskawiʃ/ n. medicine

noetyscet /no̯͡ɛtiˈskɛt/ v-i. be sick, be ill

noetyscȇt /no̯͡ɛtˈiskɛt/ n. sick person, ill person, patient [noetysc- ‘be sick’ + ȇt]

nom /nom/ a. yellow/light green

nomw̑ /ˈnomu/ n. mother

nonor /noˈnor/ n. railing, parapet, banister, balustrade

nonwll /noˈnuɬ/ n. gate

noruesh /norˈwɛʃ/ c. (pl. santoruesh /santorˈwɛʃ/) or possibly, maybe

noth /noθ/ n. (pl. tantoth) leg

nuȏt-c /ˈnu͡o̯tə̥k/ n. language

nupwr /nuˈpur/ n. (pl. sampwr /samˈpur/) woman

nwm /num/ n. dress, gown

nwnȏȃmp /nuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky

nwyntuesoan /nu.intwɛˈsɔn/ n-cl. (sg. nwyntuesoagc /nu.intwɛˈsɔnk/) howls, howling

nyac-t /niˈakə̥t/ n. skin

nyanwt /ni.aˈnut/ v-t. inclined to, in agreement with, amenable to, interested in

nycascan /nikaˈskan/ v-s. promise, pledge, commit

nycuedh /niˈkwɛð/ n. volume, loudness [nycw̑ ‘sound’ + -uedh]

nycw̑ /ˈniku/ v-al. sound

nyfalwl /niɸaˈlul/ a. intense, intensive, acute, extreme, fervent, strong, sharp, consuming, laborious, exhausting

nyfan /niˈɸan/ v-t. take, pick up

nypo /ˈnipo/ n. pit, hole

nypwr /niˈpur/ n. rim, edge [nypo ‘hole’ + -wr]

nysa /ˈnisa/ n. older sister

nysc /nisk/ num. six

o

oabesh /ɔˈbɛʃ/ n. sleeve

oach /ɔχ/ n. (def. achelch /aˈχɛlχ/, def. pl. tagchelch /taˈχɛlχ/) shovel

oalyp /ɔˈlip/ v-l. knock on, rap on, bang on

oanyc /ɔˈnik/ n-cl. pests, vermin

oaroȇr /ɔˈro.ɛr/ n-cl. thorn

oathoath /ɔˈθɔθ/ d. somewhere, wherever

obal /oˈbal/ n. wrist

oc /ok/ d. this, that

ocelcan /oˌkɛlˈkan/ v-s. think, believe

oel /o̯͡ɛl/ d. certain, particular, specific

ofalan /oɸaˈlan/ v-l. climb

ogc /onk/ n-cl. sheep

olȏȃt /oˈlo̯͡ɔt/ adv. during the day

omwgcan /omunˈkan/ v-l. 1. scratch, scrape; 2. shave

onal /oˈnal/ n. (pl. noantal /nɔnˈtal/) poem

onoan /oˈnɔn/ v-t. demonstrate, explain, show

onȏan /oˈno̯͡an/ n. (pl. yntȏan /inˈto̯͡an/) bone

onof /oˈnoɸ/ adv. frighteningly, scarily

opasiet /opaˈsjɛt/ v-i. 1. keep on going, go on, continue; 2. be long-winded

opeshan /opɛˈʃan/ v-t. smack, slap, hit, strike

opiab /oˈpjab/ v-i. whine

oplair /oˈpla͡ɪ̯r/ n. coat

opȏagcan /opo̯͡anˈkan/ v-i. 1. deepen; 2. gape, yawn, be wide open; 3. bellow, boom; 4. echo

oponȃc /oˈponak/ a. 1. thick, wide; 2. deep

oraian /oraˈjan/ v-i. be tall; v-ab . survive, outlast

ory̑s /ˈoris/ n. peacock

oscan /oˈskan/ v-t. spread, disperse, scatter, disseminate, sow; v-al. visit, show up at, turn up at

oscelȏan /oskɛˈlo̯͡an/ v-t. disappoint, let down

oscestat /oskɛsˈtat/ v-t. prune (plant)

osc̾in /osˈχin/ n-cl. (def. cl. osc̾igc /osˈχink/) torture

osepel /osɛˈpɛl/ n. (def. osep-al /osɛˈpə͡a̯l/) hammer

osont /oˈsont/ n. (pl. tansont /tanˈsont/) hat

ot-al /oˈtə͡a̯l/ v-t. put back, put away, return, replace

otwsagcan /otusanˈkan/ v-t. translate, interpret

p

pa /pa/ i. wow

padhian /paˈðjan/ v-t. separate

pail /pa͡ɪ̯l/ n. snow

pair /pa͡ɪ̯r/ n. (def. pȃiref /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrɛɸ/) water [trunc. pairȇf]

pair’afash /pa͡ɪ̯raˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. underwater

pȃirwr /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrur/ n. moisture [pair ‘water’ + -wr]

palt /palt/ n. 1. step, pace, stride; 2. access, path, approach, passage, way in; pre. near, close to

paltan /palˈtan/ v-i. step

palteb /palˈtɛb/ v-t. 1. come close to, approach, near; 2. close in on, surround; 3. pressure, press, push

paluan /palˈwan/ v-t. 1. see, look at; 2. meet

paluauı̑sh /palˈwawiʃ/ n. eyelid [palu- ‘see’ + -auı̑sh]

panap /paˈnap/ v-s. can, be able to

pasai /paˈsa͡ɪ̯/ v-t. 1. hold, hold on to, carry; 2. catch (something thrown or dropped); 3. understand; 4. converge with, meet, join to (lines, sides, pieces)

pasainȏt /paˈsa͡ɪnot/ n. point, corner [pasai ‘converge’ + -nȏt]

pasho /ˈpaʃo/ n. new blue

peb /pɛb/ n. new moon

pel-ansh /pɛˈlə͡a̯nʃ/ n-cl. tooth

pelwsȏs /pɛˈlusos/ n. other side, reverse

peoant /pɛˈɔnt/ n. shame, disgrace

pesh-chan /pɛʃə̥ˈχan/ v-t. harvest, pick

pesh-chwr /pɛʃə̥ˈχur/ n-cl. scraps, mess, detritus [pesh-ch- ‘harvest’ + -wr]

pesoch /pɛˈsoχ/ n. what?

petw /pɛˈtu/ n. morning

pianan /pjaˈnan/ v-i. mature, grow up, ripen (S: plant, person)

pianȃth /ˈpjanaθ/ n. maturity, ripeness, readiness [pian- ‘mature’ + -ȃth]

pioapwn /pjɔˈpun/ n. desert

plashw̑ /ˈplaʃu/ c. so, then, therefore

plepwn /plɛˈpun/ v-t. put on a string or line or hook (beads, clothing)

pletuȃsh /plɛˈtu͡a̯ʃ/ n. (pl. noapletuȃsh) store, reserve, cache

pletwch /plɛˈtuχ/ v-t. 1. store, reserve, save, keep for later; 2. lock up, tie up

pliw̑n /ˈpli.un/ v-t. get, receive

ploalt /plɔlt/ n., a. unfortunate, miserable, poor thing, pitiful

ploas /plɔs/ n. (pl. noaplw̑s /ˈnɔplus/) bee

plos /plos/ n. wick

plot /plot/ i. great, wonderful

pluȃ /plu͡a̯/ n. day

plwp /plup/ n. dirge

plwrȃs /ˈpluras/ n. younger sister

plwth /pluθ/ n. lack, void, absence, loss

plwtuȃt /pluˈtu͡a̯t/ n. marrow

plyedhw̑ /pliˈɛðu/ n. (pl. taflyedhw̑ /taɸliˈɛðu/) 1. mouth; 2. voice

plynont /pliˈnont/ n. expanse, vast area

poam /pɔm/ part. (poan /pɔn/ before /t s ʃ/) that, who, which

pȏant-p /ˈpo̯͡antə̥p/ num. 64

pȏȃp /po̯͡ɔp/ n. (def. pwt /put/) basket

pȏatȃn /ˈpo̯͡atan/ n. 1. work together, cooperate; 2. get along well

pochoech /poˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. nowadays

poemp /po̯͡ɛmp/ n. mask

poeshin /po̯͡ɛˈʃin/ n. forehead

poet /po̯͡ɛt/ n. dawn

poeten /po̯͡ɛˈtɛn/ v-i. shine

pochonsyw /poχonsiˈu/ a, adv. distant, far

poloelt /poˈlo̯͡ɛlt/ n. splendor, glory, majesty

poloscan /poloˈskan/ v-i. sit; v-ab. rest from

ponash /poˈnaʃ/ n. wing

posop /poˈsop/ n. 1. descendant, scion; 2. heir, inheritor; 3. survivor

posw /poˈsu/ n. (pl. ipȏas /iˈpo̯͡as/) face; pre. in front of, before

poth /poθ/ n. nap

pouosc /poˈwosk/ n. secret

puȃsyb /ˈpu͡a̯sib/ n. (def. tanpuȃshyb /tanˈpu͡a̯ʃib/) fruit tree

puȏch /pu͡o̯χ/ a. big, large, great

pw /pu/ d. (pl. noapw̑ /ˈnɔpu/) some (of)

pwcen /puˈkɛn/ v-al. 1. list, enumerate; 2. count

pwlo /ˈpulo/ a. long, lengthy

pwloȇch /puˈlo.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. lengthen, add onto, expand; 2. stretch, stretch out, pull

pwnief /puˈnjɛɸ/ n. ceiling

pwsh /puʃ/ num. two

pwsmwsh /pusˈmuʃ/ a. far, distant

pwsnwran /pusnuˈran/ v-t. 1. analyze, evaluate, interpret; 2. debate, argue over

pwsuan /puˈswan/ v-t. hide

pwth /puθ/ n. distance, span, length, width

pysti /ˈpisti/ n. relative

p-an /pə͡a̯n/ a. cold

p-aren /pə͡a̯ˈrɛn/ v-t. surprise

p-llac /pə̥ˈɬak/ n. radish

p-sych /pə̥ˈsiχ/ n. number

p-shin /pə̥ˈʃin/ n. mucus

r

ragc1 /rank/ num. nine

ragc2 /rank/ n. (pl. saragc) color

ragcnȏt /rank/ n. (pl. saragcnȏt) paint [ragc2 ‘color’ + -nȏt]

rain /ra͡ɪ̯n/ n. (def. raina /ˈra͡ɪ̯na/, pl. syrain, /siˈra͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. syraina /siˈra͡ɪ̯na/) smell, odor, scent

raith /ra͡ɪ̯θ/ num. eleven

ranysc /raˈnisk/ num. fourteen

raplwt /raˈpult/ num. fifteen

rap /rap/ a. small, little

raper /raˈpɛr/ a. strong [ra- + obs. aper ‘strength’]

rapwsh /raˈpuʃ/ num. ten

raret /raˈrɛt/ v-t. bring

rasry /ˈrasri/ num. thirteen

ratwman /ratuˈman/ num. twelve

rayp /raˈip/ a. nice, kind

ra-p /ra͡ə̯p/ num. eight

rebeb /rɛˈbɛb/ v-i. scream, yell, yelp

relb /rɛlb/ n-cl. water lily

remwsc /rɛˈmusk/ v-i. 1. protude, stick out, stick up; 2. be defiant, rebelious, stubborn, difficult; v-t. sting

rem-sh /ˈrɛmə̥ʃ/ n. quarrel, squabble, fight

reoa /ˈrɛ.ɔ/ n. braid

reso /ˈrɛ.so/ n. dough

reth /rɛθ/ n. bile, gall

rew̑ /ˈrɛ.u/ n. (def. ref /rɛɸ/) feather

rifw /riˈɸu/ n. force, coercion

rir /rir/ n. (pl. noarer /nɔˈrɛr/) bag, sack

risar /riˈsar/ n-cl. mistake, error

risaran /risaˈran/ v-i, v-s. make a mistake, error do something mistakenly; v-al. mess up

rit /rit/ n. essence, quality, air, substance, form

ro /ro/ pro. one, someone

rȏan /ro̯͡an/ adv. at night

rȏȃp /ro̯͡ɔp/ n. duck (pl. lleroo̾ap /ɬɛˈro.ɔp/)

roar /rɔr/ v-t. hurt, injure

rȏas /ro̯͡as/ n. hut, shack

romȏaran /romo̯͡aˈran/ v-ab. 1. leave behind, abandon; 2. forget

romuan /romˈwan/ v-t. call, summon, yell to

roshȏȃp /roˈʃo̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. r-shuȃf-ch /rə̥ˈʃu͡a̯ɸə̥χ/) thumb

rwmȇsh /ˈrumɛʃ/ n-cl. (def. cl. rwmaisc /ruˈma͡ɪ̯sk/, sg. rwmegc /ruˈmɛnk/, def. sg. rwmesh /ruˈmɛʃ/) elaboration, explanation, details

rwmoniat /rumoˈnjat/ v-i. jump, leap; v-l. jump, leap (across)

rwmposh /rumˈpoʃ/ v-ab. lose, misplace

rwnȏȃ /ˈruno̯͡ɔ/ n. (pl. llwnȏȃ) 1. furrow, ditch, trench; 2. wrinkle

rwrȇsh /ˈrurɛʃ/ n. elbow

rwshwl /ruˈʃul/ a. strange, weird, odd

ryntan /rinˈtan/ v-i. vomit

ryp /rip/ n-cl. (sg. ryfȇgc /ˈriɸɛnk/) star

r-alup /rə͡ḁˈlup/ a. away, gone

r-pon /rə̥ˈpon/ n. (pl. r-an /rə͡a̯n/) eye

r-ponofan /rə̥ponoˈɸan/ v-t. observe, watch, pay attention to [r-pon ‘eye’ + -nof]

r-sh /rə̥ʃ/ i. shh, shush, quiet

s

sachpe /ˈsaχpɛ/ n. (pl. noasachpe) cliff

sainan /sa͡ɪ̯ˈnan/ v-i. open

salmoet /salˈmo̯͡ɛt/ v-t. like, enjoy

samel /saˈmɛl/ n. roof

san /san/ n. (pl. rwmar /ruˈmar/) enemy

sanyman /saniˈman/ v-ab, v-s. remember, reminisce about, recall

sanyman’choech /saniˌmanˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. in the past, olden days, ancient times

sapta /ˈsapta/ v-t. 1. smash; 2. attack, harm

saptat /sapˈtat/ n. 1. smashing; 2. attack, harm

saptwr /sapˈtur/ n-cl. shards, broken pieces, fragments [sapta- ‘smash’ + -wr]

saptwre̾ /sapˈturɛwɛ/ n-cl. crumbs, little shards, little broken pieces, little fragments

sarmedhian /sarmɛˈðjan/ v-s. demand

sasob /saˈsob/ n. wisdom

scalch /skalχ/ n-cl. brush, scrub (plants)

scant /skant/ n. expert

scelt /skɛlt/ n. cause, reason, deservedness, justification

sceltot /skɛlˈtot/ adv. for what reason?, why?, with what justification?

scen /skɛn/ n. claw

scenan /skɛˈnan/ v-t. 1. snatch, grab; 2. steal, usurp

scenoo̾at /skɛˈno.ɔt/ n. (def. scenȏȃt /skɛˈno̯͡ɔt/, pl. sasnoo̾at /sasˈno.ɔt/, def. pl. sasnȏȃt /sasˈno̯͡ɔt/) hoof

sciedhen /skjɛˈðɛn/ v-ab. avoid, stay away from

sciefan /skjɛˈɸan/ v-t. 1. have (short term, or in a certain circumstance, or for a certain purpose): sciefe osepel lluech poam’aiedh ‘I have a hammer you can use’; 2. know, be familiar with, be acquainted with

sciwt /skjut/ d. same, own, self

sciwtauı̑sh /skjuˈtawiʃ/ n. identical twin [sciwt ‘self’ + -auı̑sh]

scoait /skoˈa͡ɪ̯t/ n. (def. scoait-ch /skoˈa͡ɪ̯tə̥χ/, pl. llescoaı̑t /ɬɛˈskɔ.it/, def. pl. llescoait /ɬɛskɔˈit/) hill

scoan /skɔn/ n. (pl. noascoan /nɔˈskɔn/ or /ˈnɔskɔn/) pile, accumulation, stack, mass

scoanwr /skɔˈnur/ n-cl. 1. remainder, rest, leftover; 2. something unimportant, nonessential, incidental, accidental, chance [scoan ‘pile’ + -wr]

scuian /skwiˈan/ v-ab. lack, be without

scwch /skuχ/ v-t. nitpick, kibitz, pester, meddle, pester

scwr /skur/ n-cl. tradition

scyl /skil/ n. flatness, evenness, equivalence, balance

secoascȏa /sɛˈkɔsko̯͡a/ adv. enough

secoay /sɛˈkɔ.i/ n. (def. secoa-ch /sɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/, pl. t-shecoay /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.i/, def. pl. t-shecoa-ch /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/) fold, crease

sec-ri /sɛkə̥ˈri/ num. five

sefoab /sɛˈɸɔb/ n. (pl. noasefo̾ab /nɔˈsɛɸɔb/) cat

senelp /sɛˈnɛlp/ n. Sngõlpowhetet language

senoap /sɛˈnɔp/ n. toe

seseshet /sɛsɛˈʃɛt/ v-i. spit

setoetuan /sɛto̯͡ɛˈtwan/ v-i, v-al. become ready, get ready, prepare for

shagc /ʃank/ n. treachery, betrayal of trust

shaill /ʃa͡ɪ̯ɬ/ a. 1. loose, slack; 2. undone, untied; 3. easy

shapat /ʃaˈpat/ n. (pl. noashapwt /nɔʃaˈput/) animal

shebesh /ʃɛˈbɛʃ/ v-t. sow

shegcescw̑ /ʃɛnˈkɛsku/ n. farmer [she- + igcescu- ‘plow, work soil’ < cescuan ‘toil’]

shel /ʃɛl/ n. dog

shelt /ʃɛlt/ v-i. feel remorseful, feel guilty, feel contrite

shepal /ʃɛˈpal/ n. (pl. pasha-l /paˈʃa͡ə̯l/) girl

shepȏantȃc /ʃɛˈpo̯͡antak/ n. visitor, guest [epȏantȃc ’appear, show up’]

sheshan /ʃɛˈʃan/ v-t. do, perform, carry out

sheshap /ʃɛˈʃap/ n-cl. activity, business, work, bustle, labor

sheshȇt /ˈʃɛʃɛt/ n. partner, co-worker, buddy [shesh- ‘do’ + ȇt]

sheshoagcw̑ /ʃɛˈʃɔnku/ n. student [she- + shoagcu- ‘learn’]

sheysht /ʃɛˈiʃt/ n. hunter [she- + ysht- ‘hunt’]

shim /ʃim/ n. side; pre. next to

shirȇc /ˈʃirɛk/ n. insect

shoagcuan /ʃɔnˈkwan/ v-t. learn, study

shoalch /ʃɔlχ/ v-i. fade away, vanish, dissipate, disappear

shoap-ach /ʃɔˈpə͡a̯χ/ n. garden

shȏȃt /ʃo̯͡ɔt/ n. (pl. sashȏȃt) law, rule

shocȃsh /ˈʃokaʃ/ n-cl. grain

shol /ʃol/ n. leek

shoshtan /ʃoʃˈtan/ v-i. be soft

shotȇs /ˈʃotɛs/ a. unsettling, creepy, disturbing, eerie

shwnopan /ʃunoˈpan/ v-i, v-al. return

shwtan /ʃuˈtan/ v-t. catch, trap

shwth /ʃuθ/ a. wise, smart, intelligent

shwthuedh /ʃuθˈwɛð/ n. speech, address [shwth ‘wise’ + -uedh]

siec /sjɛk/ n. nobody, no one

sielot /sjɛˈlot/ n. east [sie- + alot ‘sun’]

sielt /sjɛlt/ a. fat

sieno /ˈsjɛno/ n. father

sifchan /siɸˈχan/ v-i. happen, occur

silnw /silˈnu/ n. heart; pre. in

sinyr /siˈnir/ d. less than half

siot /sjot/ v-i. collapse, faint

siul /sjul/ v-v. 1. might, may; 2. like; 3. prefer

soaman /sɔˈman/ v-t. hear

soant /sɔnt/ v-s. expect, trust, count on

soatith /sɔˈtiθ/ n. rope

soembe /ˈso̯͡ɛmbɛ/ n. beak

soenpish /ˈso̯͡ɛnpiʃ/ v-ab. 1. recognize, recall; 2. be used to

sogab /soˈab/ v-i. redo, do over, do again

sogch /soχ/ n. milk

soin /soˈin/ n-cl. fun, pleasure

somac /soˈmak/ a. hot

somacnofan /soˌmaknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. heat; 2. bake [somac ‘hot’ + -nof]

somfen /somˈɸɛn/ adv. soon, quickly

somonshan /somonˈʃan/ v-i. be indecisive, deliberate, think over, mull over

somperchan /sompɛrˈχan/ v-s. admit

sonel /soˈnɛl/ n. ocean

sonȇs /ˈsonɛs/ n. (def. soniȇch /ˈsonjɛχ/) wood

soptes /sopˈtɛs/ n. (def. sopt-as /sopˈtə͡a̯s/, pl. ruȏptes /ˈru͡o̯ptɛs/, def. pl. ruȏpt-as /ru͡o̯pˈtə͡a̯s/) deer

suifoan /swiˈɸɔn/ v-t. push, press

suir /swir/ n. hair

swlwfin /suluˈɸin/ n-cl. (def. cl. swlwfigc /suluˈɸink/) panic, terror, fear, fright, rage, hysteria

syapw /si.aˈpu/ n. crack, break, tear, rip

syb /sib/ n. (pl. t-shyb /tə̥ˈʃib/) fruit

sygch /siχ/ n. (pl. syagch /siˈaχ/) sound, noise

synan /siˈnan/ v-t. remove, take out, extract

syplashach /siplaˈʃaχ/ adj. procastinating, delaying, lazy [syplash- ‘delay’ + -ach]

syplashan /siplaˈʃan/ v-al. delay, put off

s-at /sə͡a̯t/ adv. never

t

tabrin /taˈbrin/ n-cl. confusion, frustration

taf-s /ˈtaɸə̥s/ a. light (weight); ~ plyedhw̑ high-voiced, high-pitched

taint /ta͡ɪ̯nt/ n. table

talet /taˈlɛt/ n. baby

taletedh /talɛˈtɛð/ n. birth, delivery

talnofan /talnoˈɸan/ v-i. give birth

taneb /taˈnɛb/ v-i. choke

tanch /tanχ/ pro. you (pl.)

tanialan /tanjaˈlan/ pre. around, surrounding

tanialanȇch /tanjaˈlanɛχ/ v-ab. 1. surround, go around, walk around, circle; 2. be on the outskirts of, be just outside

tanialanofan /tanjalanoˈɸan/ v-t. place around something/someone, surround with

tansan /tanˈsan/ pre. far from, distant from

tansanȇch /tanˈsanɛχ/ v-ab. be far from, keep distance from, keep away from

tansanofan /tansanoˈɸan/ v-t. keep away, distance from something/someone

tansh /tanʃ/ n. top; pre. above, over

tany /ˈtani/ pro. we

tarw /taˈru/ pro. indefinite plural (ones, people)

tebesc̾ach /tɛˌbɛsˈχaχ/ a. quarrelsome, belligerent, hotheaded

tefolȏan /tɛɸoˈlo̯͡an/ v-s. instruct, tell

tegchet /tɛˈχɛt/ n. ankle

telȇsh /ˈtɛlɛʃ/ n. (def. teli-ch /ˈtɛljə̥χ/) task, chore, job

telimet /tɛliˈmɛt/ v-i. 1. breathe; 2. inflate, swell, rise (dough); v-al. blow on; v-p. breathe in

telsoo̾ash /tɛlˈso.ɔʃ/ n. (def. telsȏȃsh /tɛlˈso̯͡ɔʃ/) brain

telwnt /tɛˈlunt/ n-cl. (sg. teligc /tɛˈlink/) ants

ten /tɛn/ pro. they (m.)

tent /tɛnt/ n-cl. blood

teny /ˈtɛni/ n. road

teninȃn /tɛˈninan/ v-t. knock down, knock over, fell

thac /θak/ n. step, stair

thashet /θaˈʃɛt/ v-t. fool, trick, cheat, swindle

thel /θɛl/ n. light

thele̾ /ˈθɛlɛwɛ/ n. rays of light, spots of light

thelaipan /θɛla͡ɪ̯ˈpan/ v-i. wake up, awake

thoȏs /ˈθo.os/ n-cl. dull pain in head or stomach, headache, stomachache

thosh /θoʃ/ n. (pl. theuȇsh /ˈθɛwɛʃ/) child, kid

thuefon /θwɛɸon/ n. attention, attention to detail, dedication

thwf /θuɸ/ v-i. rain

thy /θi/ n. bottom; a. low; pre. under

thyt /θit/ n-cl. (sg. thysȇgc /ˈθisɛnk/) fish

th-alan /θə͡a̯ˈlan/ v-t. drink

th-ralwn /θə̥raˈlun/ n. Thralanian language

toashȏat /tɔˈʃo̯͡at/ v-t. choke

toechan /to̯͡ɛˈχan/ v-i. croak, ribbit

toenpwrent /to̯͡ɛnpuˈrɛnt/ n.: thy ~ troubling, disturbing

toet /to̯͡ɛt/ n. stem, stalk

togteb /toˈtɛb/ v-i. rot, decay

toleth /toˈlɛθ/ v-t. need

toteb /toˈtɛb/ v-p. mold, fashion (Obj: material)

totegc /toˈtɛnk/ n. orphan

tuol /twol/ i. how can it be?, what happened?

tw /tu/ n. here

twf’twmant /ˌtuɸtuˈmant/ n. cellar

twlb /tulb/ v-t. block, obstruct, stop up

twlwȇch /tuˈlu.ɛχ/ v-t. cling to, stick to, grip (esp. plant) [twlwl]

twlwl /tuˈlul/ n-cl. something clingy, sticky, gripping (esp. part of plant)

twman /tuˈman/ num. four

twnaran /tunaˈran/ v-t. kill, slay, murder

twnarant /tunaˈrant/ n. killing

twp /tup/ n. 1. room (in building); 2. gathering area

twp’wlb /tuˈpulb/ n. wound

twpws /tuˈpus/ v-t. forget (information)

twran /tuˈran/ n. layabout

twys /tuˈis/ adv. infrequently, rarely, seldom

tynthw /tinˈθu/ n. (pl. tyncwlch /tinˈkulχ/) strand, fiber

t-arny /ˈtə͡a̯rni/ n. doubt

t-llef /tə̥ˈɬɛɸ/ pro. they (f.)

t-ni /tə̥ˈni/ pro. they (n.)

t-yn /tə̥ˈin/ n. string, thread

u

uain /wa͡ɪ̯n/ n-cl. grass

uaishȇp /ˈwa͡ɪ̯ʃɛp/ n-cl. (sg. uaieshȇgc /wa͡ɪ̯ˈɛʃɛnk/) fat

uampach /wamˈpaχ/ a. get things done, finishes things [uamp- ‘finish’ + -ach]

uampan /wamˈpan/ v-t. 1. finish, conclude; 2. fill; ~ netf-ch completely finish, finish every last thing

uan /wan/ v-i. go, walk (S: animal)

uashelwren /waʃɛluˈrɛn/ v-s. prevent, thwart, frustrate

ueniȇc /ˈwɛnjɛk/ n. beer

uoapȃp /ˈwɔpap/ n. meeting, gathering, assembly

uogcmy /ˈwonkmi/ n. (def. uogcm-ch /ˈwonkmə̥χ/) plate, dish

uoshuesh /woˈʃwɛʃ/ n. (def. uoshuuȏch /woˈʃwu͡o̯χ/) skull

uolop /woˈlop/ n. castle, fortress

uwmonȇsh /wuˈmonɛʃ/ n. (def. uwmoni-ch /wuˈmonjə̥χ/) knee

uwn /wun/ adv. always

uylt /wilt/ n-cl. battlement

w

w /u/ n. there

wdh /uð/ c. when

wdhcwl /uðˈkul/ n. twilight

wlb /ulb/ v-i. hurt

wlil /uˈlil/ n. (def. wlielc /uˈljɛlk/) mine

wlor /uˈlor/ adv. enjoy

wmaset /umaˈsɛt/ v-i. be terrified

wnan /unan/ v-i. die

wnant /uˈnant/ n. death

wpwnch /uˈpunχ/ n-cl. sand

wrmȇsh /ˈurmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. wrmȇgc /ˈurmɛnk/) ember

wshȏashan /uʃo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-s. request, ask (that someone do something)

wshwr /uˈʃur/ n. song

wthuan /uˈθwan/ v-i. why?

wthuedh /uˈθwɛð/ n. reason, cause [wthu- ‘why?’ + -uedh] ‘why’]

y

y /i/ pro. I

yb /ib/ n-cl. choices, options, selections

yf /iɸ/ n. gift, present

ymwn /iˈmun/ n. forgetfulness, absentmindedness, senility

yn /in/ n. (pl. sain /sa͡ɪ̯n/) hawk

ynoet /iˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. comfort, contentment, relaxation

ysc /isk/ n. (pl. noaysc /nɔˈisk/) ship

ysha-t /iˈʃa͡ə̯t/ a. quiet

yshtan /iʃˈtan/ v-i. hunt