Melfem-English Dictionary

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Introduction

This is a dictionary of Melfem, a constructed language. Words are alphabetized as in English, except that - (representing the sound /ə̥/ or /ə/ in diphthongs) is also considered a letter, and it comes at the end of the alphabet after y. is ignored for purposes of alphabetization.

Each word, including irregular forms, has its pronunciation indicated using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

A number of idiomatic phrases and collocations are listed. For consistency, combinations of verb and nouns are always listed with the verb; those of several nouns are listed with the first word in the phrase. In these entries, a tilde (~) stands for the head word.

Grammatical specifications

Parts of speech are indicated in italics for each Melfem entry. The following abbreviations are used:

a adjective
adv adverb
c conjunction
d determiner
i interjection
n noun
num number
pre prepositional
pro pronoun
v verb

Verbs are further specified for what complement they take. The abbreviations listed below are used to indicat;e complement type (or lack thereof), and are placed in each verbal entry following the part of speech marker (v-).

ab ablative
al allative
i intransitive
l locative
p perlative
s sentential
t transitive
v verbal

When a word has certain irregular forms, they are noted:

def definite
cl collective
pl plural
sg singulative
Etymologies

Etymologies for some words are given in square brackets at the end of an entry. The following abbreviations are used:

obs obsolete
old older form
rel related to
trunc truncation

a

abia /ˈabja/ n. (pl. tanobia /taˈnobja/) frog

abwȇch /aˈbu.ɛχ/ v-t. light, start (Obj: fire)

acegc /aˈkɛnk/ d. (pl. tagcegc /tanˈkɛnk/) each (of)

achach /aˈχaχ/ a. drunk

acoell /aˈko̯͡ɛɬ/ v-t. chew

adh /að/ n. neck

adhȃdh /ˈaðað/ v-t. 1. join together, put together, combine, attach; 2. share

afnosaian /aɸnosa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. heal, cure; 2. fix, repair; 3. clarify, correct [afnos- ‘get up’ + -ai]

afnoseb /aɸnoˈsɛb/ v-i. stand up, get up, rise, arise

afnot /aɸˈnot/ d. (pl. tafnot /taɸˈnot/) most

agcfodh /anˈkɸoð/ a. golden, gold [an- + cfodh ‘gold’]

aibes /ˈa͡ɪ̯bɛs/ n. food

ȃichant /a͡ɪ̯ˈχant/ n. walking, going

ailofin /a͡ɪ̯loˈɸin/ n-cl. (no sg.) nervous breakdown, mental collapse

airescoȇch /a͡ɪ̯rɛˈsko.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. stir, mix; 2. make a mess of

allit /aˈɬit/ n. (def. ll-iat /ɬə̥ˈjat/, pl. t-llet /tə̥ˈɬɛt/, def. pl. t-llioat /tə̥ˈɬjɔt/) 1. lump, ball, block; 2. joint; 3. knot

alot /aˈlot/ n. sun

amwr /aˈmur/ n. residue, sediment

an-asc /aˈnə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. tant-asc /tanˈtə͡a̯sk/) surprise

anfadha /anˈɸaða/ a. silver, silvery [an- + fadha ‘silver’]

anp-shin /anpə̥ˈʃin/ a. 1. mucillagenous; 2. slippery [an- + p-shin ‘mucus’]

ȃnscuy /anˈskwi/ a. 1. unripe; 2. raw; 3. unfinished, not ready [rel. scuian ‘lack’]

antiodh /anˈtjoð/ n. (pl. tantiodh /tanˈtjoð/) point, element of an argument or issue

aplwr /aˈplur/ n. clan

apȏȃt /aˈpo̯͡ɔt/ a. released, loose, at large, escaped

ar /ar/ c. and [conjoins subjects, or objects of a negative verb]

aryn /aˈrin/ n-cl. filth

as /as/ v-i. go, walk

ascoalc /aˈskɔlk/ n. (pl. noasc̾oalch /nɔˈsχɔlχ/) crow, raven

aseb /aˈsɛb/ v-s. imagine

asnachwn /asnaˈχun/ a. serious, real, actual, legitimate

asnofan /asnoˈɸan/ v-i., v-ab., v-al. travel, migrate [as ‘go’ + -nof]

asuedh /aˈswɛð/ n. procession, march [as ‘go’ + -uedh]

asyreb /asiˈrɛb/ v-t. 1. punish, take vengeance on; 2. repay, pay back, recompense, compensate

atoentuc /aˈto̯͡ɛntuk/ n. nail (finger, toe)

atiw̑ /aˈti.u/ n. oak tree

b

bachpwr /baχˈpur/ n. spoon, scoop

bascoach /baˈskɔχ/ n. cannibal

basinin /basiˈnin/ n-cl. (def. cl. basinigc /basiˈnink/, sg. basinȇgc /baˈsinɛnk/, def. sg. basicna /baˈsikna/) taxes, fines, tribute

bechuyreb /bɛχwiˈrɛb/ v-i. be pointless, a waste, useless, in vain

bedh /bɛð/ n. (def. bwdh /buð/, pl. boedh /bo̯͡ɛð/, def. pl. bewdh /bɛˈuð/) scorpion

beltent /bɛlˈtɛnt/ n. tick

beluyr /bɛlˈwir/ n. spider

besȏar /bɛˈso̯͡ar/ n. mushroom

besoentan /bɛso̯͡ɛnˈtan/ v-ab. geld, castrate

boalb /bɔlb/ n. flour

boasan /bɔˈsan/ n. be present, be here, be there

bȏash /bo̯͡aʃ/ a. stupid, dumb

c

cadh /kað/ a. 1. thin, slim; 2. shallow

caibent /ˈka͡ɪ̯bɛnt/ n. reign

caip /ka͡ɪ̯p/ n. not much, trifle, something trivial, unimportant

caireb /ˈka͡ɪ̯rɛb/ v-i. be unimportant, worthless, trivial, forgettable, not matter: caio ro ‘it's not important / it doesn't matter’ [caip + -reb]

caleb /kaˈlɛb/ v-t. speak, know (language)

calechan /kalɛˈχan/ v-t. cook, prepare (food)

caliȇb /ˈkaljɛb/ n. taint, impurity, corruption

calmwdhan /kalmuˈðan/ v-i. be lonely; v-ab. miss, long for

calno /ˈkalno/ a. 1. black; 2. burnt

canat /kaˈnat/ n. (pl. cainat /ˈka͡ɪ̯nat/) miracle, wonder, marvel

canian /kaˈnjan/ v-ab. obey, listen to, comply with

cany-n /kaˈni͡ə̯n/ v-t. scold, reprimand, admonish [cani- ‘obey’ + -y-n]

capefen /kapɛˈɸɛn/ v-i. fail

carmȇr /ˈkarmɛr/ n. wall (of building)

carmys /karˈmis/ n. city

carpesh /karˈpɛʃ/ n. horse (def. carpa-sh /karˈpa͡ə̯ʃ/)

catedh /kaˈtɛð/ n. emptiness

catet /kaˈtɛt/ a. 1. empty; 2. unused, spare, available

catetȃch /kaˈtɛtaχ/ a. 1. available, free (person); 2. useful, helpful; 3. useless, lazy, layabout [catet ‘available’ + -ach]

cays /kaˈis/ adv. often, frequently

ceb /kɛb/ adv. at all?, ever?

ceb-ran /kɛbə̥ˈran/ v-i. answer, reply, respond

cegcwyȇch /kɛnkuˈi.ɛχ/ v-t. insult, deride

celich /kɛˈliχ/ n. soup

cell /kɛɬ/ v-t. uproot, dig up, pull out (plant, tree, hair)

celleb /kɛˈɬɛb/ v-i. be born

celw /kɛˈlu/ n. style, design, pattern

cemac /kɛˈmak/ v-i. sneeze, blow one's nose

cemaint /kɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 256

cemfot /kɛmˈɸot/ adv. recklessly, carelessly, haphazardly

cen /kɛn/ pro. he

cenecuo̾ac /kɛˈnɛkwɔk/ a. 1. clean; 2. smooth; 3. reliable, predictable, dependable, conscientious, earnest, honest, good

cepȏsh /ˈkɛpoʃ/ n-cl. coral

cermw̑ /ˈkɛrmu/ n. (pl. isc̾ecȇr /isˈχɛkɛr/) donkey

ceropti /kɛˈropti/ n. perfume

cescuan /kɛˈskwan/ v-i. toil

cfay /ˈkɸa.i/ n. back (of body)

cfa-nwn /ˈkɸa͡ə̯nun/ a. holy, sacred

cfoash /kɸɔʃ/ v-i. snap one's fingers

cfodh /kɸoð/ n. gold

cfon /kɸon/ n. (pl. acaint /aˈka͡ɪ̯nt/) rock, stone

cfyso /ˈkɸiso/ n. net

ch /χ/ pro. you (sg.)

chalchi /ˈχalχi/ n. (pl. chali-ch /ˈχaljə̥χ/) chief, warlord

challen /χaˈɬɛn/ v-t. steal

challenw̑s /χaˈɬɛnus/ n. (pl. chwllnws /χuɬˈnus/) thief

charfa /ˈχarɸa/ a. striped

chebȃn /ˈχɛban/ v-i., v-ab., v-al. fall

chemant /χɛˈmant/ n. 1. standing, quality, character, position; 2. skill, talent; 3. use, function, role

chemuȏch /χɛˈmu͡o̯χ/ v-t. drink (alcohol)

cherbil /χɛrˈbil/ n-cl. (def. cl. soarb-ch /ˈsɔrbə̥χ/, no sg.) fangs

chesan /χɛˈsan/ v-i. stand, be upright; v-s. be a certain way, be such that

chesnofan /χɛsnoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. set upright, stand up; 2. reverse, undo

choa /χɔ/ n. (def. choal /χɔl/) place, area, space, spot [trunc. cholo̾al]

choagc /χɔnk/ n. bear

choalcholan /χɔlχoˈlan/ v-i. snore, snort

choaluin /χɔlˈwin/ n-cl. (no sg.) siege

choanofan /χɔnoˈɸan/ v-l. be located at

choef /χo̯͡ɛɸ/ num. zero

choel-sh /ˈχo̯͡ɛlə̥ʃ/ a. old

chui /χwi/ d. other, else: noayst chui ‘something else’

chuoch /χwoχ/ n. (pl. sachuoach /saˈχwɔχ/) segment, section, part (fruit, brain, heart)

chwgcan /χunˈkan/ v-t. do something quickly, rapidly, hurry with; v-i. be startled, surprised

chwgcnofan /χunknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. hurry, rush (Obj: person); 2. shove, push; 3. startle, surprise [chwgc- ‘hurry’ + -nof]

chwloachan /χulɔˈχan/ v-t. 1. stab, pierce, puncture; 2. intrude, interrupt, get in the way, obstruct; v-i. change course, change one's mind

chwlow̑ /χuˈlo.u/ n. sharp point

ch-bainan /χə̥ba͡ɪ̯ˈnan/ v-i. carry out a spell, magic, charm

ch-besh /χə̥ˈbɛʃ/ adv. sneakily, slinking, creeping, skulking

ch-lelot /χə̥lɛˈlot/ adv. a little, a bit, somewhat

ciar /kjar/ v-i. trickle, drizzle, drip, bubble up, tear up

cint-at /kinˈtə͡a̯t/ v-t. handle delicately, be gentle to

cithuȏs /kiˈθu͡o̯s/ n. glove, mitten [cithw ‘hand’ + -ȏs]

cithw /kiˈθu/ n. 1. hand; 2. handful; 3. grip, hold

ciwf /kjuɸ/ n. nose, snout

clam-sh /ˈklamə̥ʃ/ v-s. plot, scheme, plan

clinac /kliˈnak/ v-i. fly

clob /klob/ a. 1. heavy; 2. extravagant, luxurious; 3. sigificant, weighty, serious; ~ plyedhw̑ deep-voiced, low-pitched

clof /kloɸ/ n. deceit, deception

clofan /kloˈɸan/ v-t. deceive, delude, fool, mislead

closhwb /kloˈʃub/ v-t. 1. put out of reach; 2. block off

clwlio’rȏan /kluljoˈro̯͡an/ n. moth [clwliur ‘butterfly + rȏan ‘at night’]

clwliur /klulˈjur/ n. butterfly

cl-at /klə͡a̯t/ v-t. engrave

coachan /kɔˈχan/ v-t. eat

coala /ˈkɔla/ n. 1. door; 2. lid, cover

cȏantuash /ˈko̯͡antwaʃ/ n. gate

cȏarmȏar /ˈko̯͡armo̯͡ar/ or /ko̯͡arˈmo̯͡ar/ n-cl. purrs, purring: sefȏalb marto cȏarmȏar ‘the cat is purring’

cobeb /koˈbɛb/ v-al. complain about

codhe̾ /ˈkoðɛwɛ/ n-cl. wood grain

coember /ˈko̯͡ɛmbɛr/ n. egg

coesnelor /ko̯͡ɛsnɛˈlor/ n. tent

coesneuȋc /ko̯͡ɛˈsnɛwik/ v-t. shelter, cover

coesnuȏnȏt /ko̯͡ɛsˈnu͡o̯not/ n. 1. shell; 2. cocoon

coetwn /ˈko̯͡ɛtun/ n. beautiful, pretty, handsome, good-looking

cogcȇs /ˈkonkɛs/ a. charming, appealing, lovely, pleasant, delightful

collaian /koɬa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. judge between, mediate between, make peace between, reconcile [coll- ‘reconcile’ + -ai]

collan /koˈɬan/ v-t. reconcile with, make peace with, come to an agreement with

collnofan /koɬnoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. placate, appease, pacify; 2. reassure, relax, calm, assure, comfort, console [coll- ‘make peace’ + -nof]

comwr /koˈmur/ n-cl. (sg. comoarȇgc /koˈmɔrɛnk/) lips

conateb /konaˈtɛb/ v-t. shake, flap

confiwr /konɸiˈur/ a. oily

conoc /koˈnok/ n. year

copot /koˈpot/ n. seriousness

cosh /koʃ/ n-cl. (def. cl. coash-ch /ˈkɔʃə̥χ/, sg. coeshȇgc /ˈko̯͡ɛʃɛnk/, def. sg. coshecna /koˈʃɛkna/) whiskers (of animal)

cuȃthan /ku͡a̯ˈθan/ v-i. play

cueletan /kwɛlɛˈtan/ v-t. feel, sense, taste

cueluedh /kwɛlˈwɛð/ v-t. feeling, emotion, sensation, taste, flavor [trunc. cuelet- ‘feel, sense, taste’ + -uedh]

cuesegcloshwb /kwɛˌsɛnkloˈʃub/ n. enclosure, pen, corral [cue- + segcloshwb ’barrier’]

cuf /kuɸ/ n. corpse (of person)

cufȏs /ˈkuɸos/ n. flesh, muscle

cuoap /kwɔp/ n. (pl. posuoap /poˈswɔp/) candle

cuoplwn /kwoˈplun/ v. succeed, work, function

cuoscan /kwoˈskan/ v-t. mix together, combine [cue- + osc- ‘scatter’]

cuoscȏs /ˈkwoskos/ n. mixture, combination [cue- + osc- ‘scatter’ + -ȏs]

cwlcȏap /kulˈko̯͡ap/ n. 1. post, pillar, column, baluster, beam; 2. frame

cwlinsh /kuˈlinʃ/ a. 1. sour; 2. reluctant, begrudging

cwuamp /kuˈwamp/ n-cl. shoe

cylab /kiˈlab/ n. well

cynt /kint/ v-t. feed

c-ab /kə͡a̯b/ n. oil

c-lac /kə̥ˈlak/ n. pond

c-lcob /kə̥lˈkob/ n-cl. (sg. c-lcogc /kə̥lˈkonk/) rabbit

c-t’afash /kə̥taˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. on the skin

d

dhacuoshȏc /ðaˈkwo.ʃok/ n-cl. ribs

dham /ðam/ a. low, low-lying (land)

dhascan /ðaˈskan/ v-ab., v-s. forget, miss, overlook, neglect (to do something)

dhe /ðɛ/ c. (dh’ /ð/ before /ɛ/) and [conjoins verb phrases, or direct objects of an affirmative verb]

dhegc /ðɛnk/ n. radish

dher /ðɛr/ v-t. thresh

dhesh /ðɛʃ/ n. house

dheshtarin /ðɛʃtaˈrin/ n-cl. (no sg.) embarrassment, humiliation, mortification

dhesht-r /ˈðɛʃtə̥r/ v-t., v-s. think about, ponder; n. thought, pondering

dhesht-r’ioan /ðɛʃtə̥rˈjɔn/ n. dream [dhesht-r ‘thought’ + ioan ‘sleep’]

dhim /ðim/ n-cl. ashes

dhoab’afash /ðɔbaˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. lofty, high up

dhoabab /ðɔˈbab/ n. cloud

dhoabeb /ðɔˈbɛb/ v-t. 1. stack, pile up; 2. put together, assemble

dhoabebwr /ðɔbɛˈbur/ n. mortar [dhoabeb ‘stack’ + -wr]

dhoabȏs /ˈðɔbos/ n. fog, mist [trunc. dhoababȏs < dhoabab ‘cloud’ + -ȏs]

dhoacwȇch /ðɔˈku.ɛχ/ v-i. shoot up, grow up quickly (esp. plants)

dhoacwl /ðɔˈkul/ n. window

dhoan /ðɔn/ v-al. 1. put, place; 2. pour; v-p. spread

dhodh /ðoð/ n. moon

dhoeluet /ðo̯͡ɛlˈwɛt/ v-t. be named, be called

dhoelw̑ /ˈðo̯͡ɛlu/ n. name, word, what something is called

dhonȏaman /ðono̯͡aˈman/ v-i. be hungry

dhwnoeglech /ðuˈno̯͡ɛlɛχ/ v-s. 1. struggle to/with; 2. be off the mark

dhwnoȇglin /ðuno̯͡ɛˈlin/ n-cl. (no sg.) accent

dhwmintian /ðumintiˈan/ v-t. sacrifice

dhyedh /ðiˈɛð/ n. base, foundation, platform

dhym /ðim/ v-t. sew, stitch

dhy-scech /ði͡ə̯ˈskɛχ/ n. totality, entirety; adv. generally, in general, usually

e

ebas /ɛˈbas/ n. friend

ebasȇt /ɛˈbasɛt/ n. 1. friend of a friend; 2. mutual friend [ebas ‘friend’ + -ȇt]

ebeien /ɛbɛˈjɛn/ v-t. 1. defend, protect; 2. guard, watch

echuent /ɛˈχwɛnt/ a. 1. tight, stuck; 2. difficult, hard

echuen’paluach /ɛˌχwɛnpalˈwaχ/ a. ugly [echuent ’difficult’ + palu- ‘look at’ + -ach]

eclair /ɛˈkla͡ɪ̯r/ n. bridge

ecnanan /ɛknaˈnan/ v-t. tempt

ecȏȃgc /ɛˈko̯͡ɔnk/ n. crown

ecȏatic /ɛˈko̯͡atik/ n. crazy person, insane person, nut

ecȗash /ˈɛkwaʃ/ n. (pl. sacȗash /ˈsakwaʃ/) man

ecuat /ɛˈkwat/ n. (pl. tanecuat /tanɛˈkwat/) monkey

ecyr /ɛˈkir/ n. flute

edhan /ɛˈðan/ v-al. make, build, create; v-ab. use, utilize

efnegcȏȃsh

efan /ɛˈɸan/ v-t. arrest, detain

efloenan /ɛɸlo̯͡ɛˈnan/ v-i. sneer

eflopan /ɛɸloˈpan/ v-t. praise, flatter

efnegcȏȃsh /ɛɸnɛnˈko̯͡ɔʃ/ v-i. smile

efwlan /ɛɸuˈlan/ v-i. rejoice, celebrate

egc /ɛnk/ num. one

egcilwch /ɛnkiˈluχ/ n. happiness, joy

egclutan /ɛnkluˈtan/ v-ab. be happy about

egcȏan /ɛnˈko̯͡an/ v-ab. react, respond to

elisti /ɛˈlisti/ n. witch (pl. sa-listi /sa͡ə̯ˈlisti/)

elistiȇt /ɛˈlistjɛt/ n. bewitched person (pl. sa-listiȇt /sa͡ə̯ˈlistjɛt/) [elisti ‘witch’ + -ȇt]

ellais /ɛˈɬa͡ɪ̯s/ v-t. apportion, give out, divide up

eller /ɛˈɬɛr/ a. new, different, other

ellereb /ɛɬɛˈrɛb/ v-i. be lost (S: person)

ellit /ɛˈɬit/ n. chain

elmȏt /ˈɛlmot/ n. wrath, fury, rage

elwchan /ɛluˈχan/ v-t. change into, turn into transform into, become

emelb /ɛˈmɛlb/ n. poison

emeluoreb /ɛˌmɛlwoˈreb/ v-i. succumb to poison [emelb ˈpoison’ + -reb]

emigcan /ɛminˈkan/ v-i. 1. be rough, uneven; 2. be hoarse, raspy; 3. be poorly done; 4. be sloppy, messy

enab /ɛˈnab/ v-i. 1. hiccup; 2. stutter

enchȏatogc /ɛnˈχo̯͡atonk/ n. lightning

enoet /ɛˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. (pl. wnoet) piece of clothing, clothes

enoȇtlor /ɛno̯͡ɛtˈlor/ n. (pl. wnoetlor) cape

epai /ˈɛpa͡ɪ̯/ v-t. cremate

epȏȃnen /ɛpo̯͡ɔˈnɛn/ v-i. 1. be short (height); 2. slouch; 3. be young

epȏantac /ɛˈpo̯͡antak/ v-i. appear, show up, come

epyscan /ɛpiˈskan/ v-t. torment, hound, harrass, oppress

ep-t /ˈɛpə̥t/ v-t. lie about, falsify, misrepresent

erbȇt /ˈɛrbɛt/ n. spouse

esc /ɛsk/ n. full moon

esc̾il /ɛsˈχil/ n. soil, dirt, earth, land

esc̾iluo̾ac /ɛsˈχilwɔk/ a. good soil, having good soil [esc̾il ‘soil’ + -uo̾ac]

escoadh /ɛˈskɔð/ v-t. prune (tree)

escogab /ɛskoˈab/ v-t. hate, detest, despise, disdain

escueth /ɛˈskwɛθ/ n. (pl. poscuedh /poˈskwɛð/) snail

esh’calech /ɛʃkaˈlɛχ/ n. good impression

eshc-p /ˈɛʃkə̥p/ adv. maybe, possibly

eshel /ɛˈʃɛl/ n. arrow

eshigcw̑ /ɛˈʃinku/ n. war

eshigcuȇt /ɛˈʃinkwɛt/ n. prisoner of war, captive [eshigcw̑ ‘war’ + -ȇt]

eshnoachan /ɛʃnɔˈχan/ v-t. take everything, hog; v-i. 1. be common, widespread; 2. be famous, well-known; 3. be understood, assumed, go without saying

eslosh /ɛsˈloʃ/ n. (def. esloash-ch /ɛsˈlɔʃə̥χ/) 1. chest; 2. vertical surface, face

eswtan /ɛsuˈtan/ v-i. burp

esyll /ɛˈsiɬ/ n. argument, debate, disagreement (pl. lloesyll /ˈɬo̯͡ɛsiɬ/)

esyreb /ɛsiˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. be arguable, debatable, contentious, divisive; 2. be undecided, unresolved, undetermined [esyll ˈargument’ + -reb]

es-chȇgc /ˈɛsə̥χɛnk/ n. (def. esech /ɛˈsɛχ/, pl. noes-chnȃ /ˈno̯͡ɛsə̥χna/ or noesc̾ecna /no̯͡ɛsˈχɛkna/, def. pl. noes-ch /ˈno̯͡ɛsə̥χ/) wolf

etfian /ɛtɸiˈan/ v-t. throw, hurl; v-s. plan, intend

etythan /ɛtiˈθan/ v-t. greet, welcome

etoe /ˈɛto̯͡ɛ/ n. box

ȇtoe’twmant /ɛˌto̯͡ɛtuˈmant/ n. coffin

etosc /ɛˈtosk/ n. (pl. santosc /sanˈtosk/) son

etrafan /ɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. 1. sink; 2. drown; 3. retreat, withdraw, pull back, go away; 4. fade; 5. set (S: sun)

etref /ɛt ˈrɛɸ/ n. 1. sinking; 2. drowning; 3. retreat, withdrawal, pullback; 4. sorrow, regret; 5. fading; 6. sunset

etroiȇch /ɛtˈrojɛχ/ v-i. get wrecked, get destroyed, crash

etroiȃdh /ɛtˈrojað/ n. wreck, ruin, wreckage

euoab /ɛˈwɔb/ n. 1. arm; 2. branch

f

fadha /ˈɸaða/ a. silver

fan /ɸan/ n. who?

fanot /ɸaˈnot/ adv. because of whom?, for whom?

faȏs /ˈɸa.os/ n-cl. 1. air; 2. weather [foȃ + -ȏs]

fashagc /ɸaˈʃank/ n. mosquito

felfȏan /ɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. reside, live (in a place)

feloa /ˈɸɛlɔ/ n. (pl. llefeloa /ɬɛˈɸɛlɔ/) mouse

fen /ɸɛn/ n. bed

ferȇn /ˈɸɛrɛn/ v-i., v-t. sing

figcedh /ɸinˈkɛð/ n. burrow, tunnel, passageway [trunc. fin- + igcedh ‘cave’]

figcynt /ɸinˈkint/ v-t. feed (regularly) [fin- + cynt ‘feed’]

fin /ɸin/ n. mistake, screwup, blunder

findhesh /ɸinˈðɛʃ/ n. village [fin- + dhesh- ‘house’]

finent /ɸiˈnɛnt/ n. importance, significance, gravity, relevance

finetrafan /ɸinɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. dive, jump into water [fin- + etraf- ‘sink’]

finfelfȏan /ɸinɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. settle, colonize [fin- + felfȏ- ‘live’]

finmerȏan /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. 1. recount clearly, detail; 2. instruct, direct [fin- + mero- ‘tell’]

finmeroedh /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡͡ɛð/ n. instruction, direction, plan, method [fin- + meroedh ‘tell’]

finonoan /ɸinoˈnɔn/ v-t. mock, parody [fin- + onoan ‘demonstrate, point at’]

finot /ɸin/ i. is this wrong?, am I wrong?, that's wrong

finshoalch /ɸinˈʃɔlχ/ v-i. hide [fin- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

finsnirnofan /ɸinsnirnoˈɸan/ v-al. water, irrigate

foȃ /ˈɸo.a/ n-cl. wind

fȏadhen /ɸo̯͡aˈðɛn/ v-i. 1. blink; 2. twitch; 3. flicker

fȏȃn /ɸo̯͡ɔn/ n. (def. foagc /ɸɔnk/, pl. woan /uˈɔn/, def. pl. woagc /uˈɔnk/ or uoan-ch /ˈwɔnə̥χ/) boy

foaran /ɸɔˈran/ v-s. know

fȏarnoc /ˈɸo̯͡arnok/ v-t. 1. break, crack, fracture, snap, rupture, burst; 2. ruin, disable

foayst /ɸɔˈist/ n. blanket

foch /ɸoχ/ n. happening, occurance, time, instance

focuan /ɸoˈkwan/ v-t. 1. give; 2. show, display, demonstrate; 3. have (body part): cen focuo mwsc ratwman ‘he has twelve fingers’ (Obj: quality, emotion)

focȗos /ˈɸokwos/ n. character, mien, bearing, aura, disposition [focu- ‘display’ + -ȏs]

fom /ɸom/ v-i. how?

fomuedh /ɸoˈmwɛð/ n. way [fom ‘how?’ + -uedh]; ~ nuȏt-c grammar

fon /ɸon/ n-cl. nostrils

font /ɸont/ n. (def. fȏant /ˈɸo̯͡ant/, pl. llefont /ɬɛˈɸont/, def. pl. llefȏant /ɬɛˈɸo̯͡ant/) spear

foth /ɸoθ/ n. (def. foth-ch /ˈɸoθə̥χ) work, labor, toil

fwafesan /ɸuˌaɸɛˈsan/ v-i. laugh

fwrwshin /ɸuruˈʃin/ n-cl. (no sg.) 1. dread, trepidation, terror, anxiety; 2. trembling, shaking, tremors, shivering, shuddering

fwt /ɸut/ n. trellis

fyf /ɸiɸ/ a. simple, uncomplicated

f-ary /ˈɸə͡a̯ri/ v-i. hiss

i

iachel /jaˈχɛl/ n. (def. iach-al /jaˈχə͡a̯l/, pl. tafiachel /taɸjaˈχɛl/, def. pl. tafiach-al /taɸjaˈχə͡a̯l/) 1. land; 2. (pl.) world

iafie /ˈjaɸjɛ/ n. treasure

iagch /jaχ/ n. food storage structure

iamai /ˈjama͡ɪ̯/ n. (pl. noaioamai /nɔˈjɔma͡ɪ̯/) ghost

iapte /ˈjaptɛ/ n. (def. iapt-ch /ˈjaptə̥χ/, pl. tagnapte /taˈnaptɛ/, def. tagnapt-ch /taˈnaptə̥χ/) mountain

iapte̾ /ˈjaptɛwɛ/ n-cl. foothills

iasaiasȇsh /jasa͡ɪ̯ˈasɛʃ/ n. thunder

iascolen /jaskoˈlɛn/ v-p. feel, experience, express, portray; ~ cfon be stubborn

iasyc /jaˈsik/ adv. quite, noticeably, significantly

iblif /ibˈliɸ/ n. (def. iblic /iˈblik/, pl. sablaf /saˈblaɸ/, def. pl. sablic /saˈblik/ or sablac /saˈblak/) cane, staff

icasat /ikaˈsat/ v-ab. 1. flee, escape; 2. spill, drip, leak, overflow; 3. drool, slobber: shel llollȏs’em icasiȃc ‘the dog was drooling’

iceshan /ikɛˈʃan/ v-p. suffer

iceshmy /iˈkɛʃmi/ n. indigestion, stomachache

iciac /iˈkjak/ n. melon

ichlenȏt /iχˈlɛnot/ n. stinger

ichlich /iχˈliχ/ a. dark, murky [old. chlich]

icnuȃ /ikˈnu͡a̯/ n. beard

icnuȃe̾ /ikˈnu͡a̯wɛ/ n-cl. stubble

icnyn /ikˈnin/ n. (def. icny-ch /ikˈni.ə̥χ/) pickaxe

icȏall /iˈko̯͡aɬ/ n. chicken

icoenoat /iˈko̯͡ɛnɔt/ n. starfish

idhe /ˈiðɛ/ n. king

idhȏt /ˈiðot/ a. warm

iebes /jɛˈbɛs/ n. (pl. saibes /ˈsa͡ɪ̯bɛs/) body

ielȇsai /jɛlɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. impossible, implausible

iempȃsh /ˈjɛmpaʃ/ adv. tomorrow

ierachan /jɛraˈχan/ v-i. mash, blend

ieswcht /jɛˈsuχt/ a. wonderful, marvelous

ieth /jɛθ/ num. three

iethwshan /jɛθuˈʃan/ v-al. lie in wait for, stalk

ifalan /iɸaˈlan/ v-t. stop, cease (Obj: activity) v-p. use up, finish, exhaust

ifniesh /iɸniˈɛʃ/ n. (pl. tafniesh /taɸniˈɛʃ/) question

ifȏashan /iɸo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-i. 1. be generous, giving, sharing; 2. be excessive

igcedh /inˈkɛð/ n. (pl. wgcedh /unˈkɛð/) cave

igcescuan /inkɛˈskwan/ v-t. plow, work soil [in- + cescu- ‘toil’]

igcoala /inˈkɔla/ n. (pl. wgcoala /unˈkɔla/) trapdoor [in- + coala ‘door’]

iiat /iˈjat/ adv. among others: lef’o cell iiat noello: ‘she's one of the ones digging up onions’

iiesc /iˈjɜsk/ adv. how much?, how many?

ilch /ilχ/ v-t. expel, push out

ilecla /iˈlɛkla/ n. trace, sign, tracks, footprints, indicator

illish /iˈɬiʃ/ v-i. crack

illo /ˈiɬo/ n. (pl. noello /ˈno̯͡ɛɬo/) onion

ilnȏt /ˈilnot/ n. (def. ilent /iˈlɛnt/, pl. toelnot /ˈto̯͡ɛlnot/, def. pl. toȇlent /to̯͡ɛˈlɛnt/) cloth, piece of cloth, rag

ilnȏ’thy /ˌilnoˈθi/ n. (def. ilen’thy /iˌlɛnˈθi/, pl. toelnȏ’thy /ˌto̯͡ɛlnoˈθi/, def. pl. toelenˈthy /to̯͡ɛˌlɛnˈθi/) rug, carpet [ilnȏt ‘cloth’ + thy ‘floor’]

ilodh /iˈloð/ n. (pl. sȃil-adh /sa͡ɪ̯ˈlə͡a̯ð/) jewel, gem

ilofen /iloˈɸɛn/ adv. 1. try, attempt; 2. guess

ilotȃichant /iˌlota͡ɪ̯ˈχant/ n. trail, path [ilot- + ȃichant ‘walking’]

iloteshigcw̑ /iˌlotɛˈʃinku/ n. battlefield, battleground [ilot- + eshigcw̑ ‘war’]

ilotigcedh /iˌlotinˈkɛð/ n. underground [ilot- + igcedh ‘cave’]

ilotinoat /iˌlotiˈnɔt/ n. graveyard, cemetery [ilot- + inoat- ‘bury’]

ilotinwnȏȃmp /iˌlotinuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky, heavens [ilot- + nwnȏȃmp ‘sky’]

ilotinwp /iˌlotiˈnup/ n. someplace ahead, forward

ilotȋthy /iˌlotiˈθi/ n. bottom of the sea [ilot- + thy ‘bottom’]

ilotlȏȃc /ilotˈlo̯͡ɔk/ n. forest, woods [ilot- + lȏȃc ‘tree’]

ilwm /iˈlum/ v-i. close one's eyes

ilycant /iliˈkant/ v-al. start, begin

ilycioagc /iliˈkjɔnk/ n. prefix

impaltan /impalˈtan/ v-i. crawl [in- + palt- ‘walk’]

indhwf /inˈðuɸ/ v-p. flood [in- + thwf ‘rain’]

inetfian /inɛtɸiˈan/ v-t. throw to the ground [in- + etfi- ‘throw’]

inlwnan /inluˈnan/ v-t. slither

inoash /iˈnɔʃ/ adv. ever, sometime, never

inoec /iˈno̯͡ɛk/ a. ugly

inoatan /inɔˈtan/ v-t. bury

inoraian /inora͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-i. lie down [in- + orai- ‘be tall’]

inoscan /inoˈskan/ v-t. smear, spread, wipe [in- + osc- ‘spread, disperse’]

inshoalch /inˈʃɔlχ/ v-al. be absorbed into [in- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

inswpan /insuˈpan/ v-i. create shade, cast a shadow [in- + iswp ‘shadow’]

ins-a’rȏan /inˈsə͡a̯ro̯͡an/ n. (pl. llens-a’rȏan /ɬɛnˈsə͡a̯ro̯͡an/) bat

intel-t /inˈtɛlə̥t/ (pl. rwntel-t /runˈtɛlə̥t/) n. valley

intethȗon /inˈtɛθwon/ v-i. run

intwcha /inˈtuχa/ n-cl. (sg. intwgc /inˈtunk/) rat

intweb /inˈtu.ɛb/ v-p. trip over

intypan /intiˈpan/ v-t. push into the ground

iny /ˈini/ n. strength, force, power

inynint /iniˈnint/ n. (pl. tenynint /tɛniˈnint/) 1. confusion, befuddlement; 2. disorder, disarray

ioan /jɔn/ n. sleep: cen siab ioan ‘he's sleeping’

ioaych /jɔˈiχ/ n. (pl. wiach /uˈjaχ/) broth

ioȇf /ˈjo.ɛɸ/ v-al. dissemble, pretend to be, put on airs, bluff

iofsw̑ /ˈjoɸ.su/ n. disguise

iogchach /joˈχaχ/ a. slippery [obs. iogch ‘ice’ + -ach]

iomȏat /joˈmo̯͡at/ adv. while awake in between periods of sleep at night

iposc /iˈposk/ n. lower jaw

iposcȇt /iˈposkɛt/ n. upper jaw

iplas /iˈplas/ n. fever

iplw /iˈplu/ n. imitation, copy

ipwp-l /iˈpupə̥l/ n. story, legend, myth

iptetot /iptɛˈtot/ n. (pl. toeftetot /to̯͡ɛɸtɛˈtot/) which part?, which side?

irich /iˈriχ/ (or irichan /iriˈχan/) v-t. be cruel to

irierachan /irˌjɛraˈχan/ v-t. blend

irȏȃp /iˈro̯͡ɔp/ v-t. get, hit, catch, kill

iscȃsh /ˈiskaʃ/ (or isc̾ȃsh /ˈisχaʃ/) n. older brother

iscianȃp /iˈskjanap/ n-cl. (no sg.) hive

iscȏȃmp /iˈsko̯͡ɔmp/ n. 1. great urgency, desperation; 2. utmost, maximal, sheer, all-out, ultimate, greatest

isc̾yȃch /isˈχi.aχ/ a. friendly, affable, warm, congenial, chummy, pleasant, nice

isham /iˈʃam/ n. (def. imshalc /imˈʃalk/, pl. tafiesham /taɸjɛˈʃam/, def. pl. tafiemshalc /taɸjɛmˈʃalk/) buddy, pal, chum, friend

ismynt /isˈmint/ a. hideous, repulsive, revolting, disgusting, horrible, horrifying, horrific

ismyntȃch /isˈmintaχ/ a. unfriendly, cold, antagonistic, antisocial, inhospitable, misanthropic

ismynteb /isminˈtɛb/ v-t. horrify, repulse, disgust

isna /ˈisna/ n. (pl. uesna /ˈwɛsna/, def. pl. wsnac /usˈnak/) ear

isnir /isˈnir/ n. (pl. t-shnir /tə̥ˈʃnir/) river

isniran /isniˈran/ v-i. 1. flow, pour; 2. slip, slide

isnirauȋsh /isniˈrawiʃ/ n. (pl. t-shnirauȋsh /tə̥ʃniˈrawiʃ/) 1. constriction, narrowing; 2. funnel [isnir- ‘flow’ + -auȋsh]

isnirnofan /isnirnoˈɸan/ v-t. spill [isnir- ‘flow’ + -nof]

isnoch /isˈnoχ/ n. (pl. t-shnoch /tə̥ˈʃnoχ/) 1. guest, visitor; 2. something present only temporarily, fleeting, transient

isnoeshet /isno̯͡ɛˈʃɛt/ v-i. cover one’s ears [isna ‘ear’ + -oeshet]

isnyn /isˈnin/ v-i. 1. be sleepy, drowsy; 2. rock, sway

isny-not /isˈni͡ə̯not/ n. (pl. t-shny-not /tə̥ˈʃni͡ə̯not/) wave (in water) [isnyn + -nȏt ‘rock, sway’]

ispafan /ispaˈɸan/ v-i. cross, ford

ispotȃp /isˈpotap/ n-cl. (no sg.) recipe

ispwn /isˈpun/ d. only, sole, alone

iswp /iˈsup/ n. (def. ishwf-ch /iˈʃuɸə̥χ/) shadow

itco /ˈitko/ a. brown, gray

itegcwlch /itɛnˈkulχ/ n-cl. (sg. itegthw /iˌtɛˈθu/) hail: itegcwlch thwfia ‘it's hailing’

ith /iθ/ n. hook, clasp, handle (curved), knob

ithioac /iθˈjɔk/ n. (pl. wthioac /uθˈjɔk/) forest, woods

ithon /iˈθon/ v-i. smolder, glow, burn

itȏan /iˈto̯͡an/ v-t. 1. betray, double-cross (politically), renege; 2. surprise, be unexpected

itoeshuash /iˈto̯͡ɛʃwaʃ/ n. bark, barking

itreby̑s /itˈrɛbis/ v-t. wash, clean

iwgcuarwn /junkwaˈrun/ n. salamander

iwno̾ap /ˈjunɔp/ n. festival, holiday

iwpontan /juponˈtan/ v-i. 1. stutter, slur, speak with an accent; 2. sound strange; v-p. drown out, speak over

iwteb /juˈtɛb/ v-i. defend oneself, resist, fight back

l

laleb /laˈlɛb/ v-i. live, be alive; v-ab. survive

lalpoa /ˈlalpɔ/ n. life

ledh’cemaint /ˌlɛðkɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 128

lef /lɛɸ/ pro. she

lelchlich /lɛlχˈliχ/ a. irritable, surly, disgruntled, grumpy, grumbling [lel- + old. chlich ‘dark’]

lelfȏarnoc /lɛlˈɸo̯͡arnok/ a., n. 1. broken, cracked, fractured, snapped, ruptured, burst; 2. ruined, disabled; 3. dilapidated, worn, run-down, decrepit, derelict, rickety; 4. no good, useless, worthless [lel- + fȏarnoc ‘break, ruin’]

lelplyedhw̑ /lɛlpliˈɛðu/ a. talkative, garrulous, loquacious [lel- + plyedhw̑ ‘mouth’]

lelsuir /lɛlˈswir/ a. hairy [lel- + suiȓ ‘hair’]

lelsyb /lɛlˈsib/ a. 1. laden with fruit; 2. weighed down, burdened; 3. fertile, fruitful, productive [lel- + syb ‘fruit’]

lelmoantȏc /lɛlˈmɔntok/ a. flavorful, rich [lel- + moantȏc ‘herb’]

leltogt /lɛlˈtot/ a. rotten, decayed [lel- + togt- ‘rot’]

lemp /lɛmp/ n. anger

lentȃth /ˈlɛntaθ/ n. 1. range, reach, extent, territory, view, field of vision; 2. plan, prospects, outcome

lȇsai /lɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. possible, plausible

let /lɛt/ d. half

letich /lɛˈtiχ/ n. middle; pre. between

liatyep /li.atiˈɛp/ n. (pl. maroetyep /maro̯͡ɛtiˈɛp/) hyena

limansw̑ /liˈmansu/ n. knife

limes /liˈmɛs/ a. short (length)

limesan /limɛˈsan/ v-s. manage to, bring oneself to, set someone to, get someone to

limesȇch /liˈmɛsɛχ/ v-t. 1. shorten, cut; 2. scrunch, squeeze, pucker, tighten; 3. dilute, water down, adulterate, weaken

liuegc /liˈwɛnk/ n-cl. seaweed

llais /ɬa͡ɪ̯s/ n. smoke

llaisan /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsan/ v-i. 1. cough; 2. smoke [emit smoke due to burning, not recreational smoking]

llaisauȋsh /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsawiʃ/ n. chimney [llais ‘smoke’ + -auȋsh]

llantwmysc /ˌɬantuˈmisk/ n. journey, trip

llan-sh /ˈɬanə̥ʃ/ n. flock, herd

llefoȇr /ɬɛˈɸo.ɛr/ n-cl. damage

llefoerauȋsh /ɬɛɸo̯͡ɛˈrawiʃ/ n. patch, fix, repair [llefoȇr ‘damage’ + -auȋsh]

llenȏatuash /ɬɛˈno̯͡atwaʃ/ n-cl. panic, pandemonium, chaos, tumult

llif /ɬiɸ/ d. (pl. t-llif /tə̥ˈɬiɸ/) all

llin /ɬin/ a. good

lloash /ɬɔʃ/ n. love

lloashan /ɬɔˈʃan/ v-t. love

lloashe /ˈɬɔʃɛ/ c. (pl. t-lloashe /tə̥ˈɬɔʃɛ/) but, however, though

lloenpwresh /ɬo̯͡ɛnpuˈrɛʃ/ n.: thy ~ troubling, disturbing

lloll /ɬoɬ/ n. tongue

llollȏs /ˈɬoɬos/ n. saliva, spit

lloreb /ɬoˈrɛb/ v-al. 1. lick; 2. sip [lloll ‘tongue’ + -reb]

llosa /ˈɬosa/ a. 1. white; 2. albino

lloscan /ɬoˈskan/ v-i. roll

llosh-p /ˈɬoʃə̥p/ n. throat, esophagus

llugcwiwc /ɬunkuˈjuk/ v-i. wave

llunasy̑ /ˈɬunasi/ n. (pl. sallnasy̑ /ˈsaɬnasi/) sea

llwrnen /ɬurˈnɛn/ v-ab. 1. put down, take off, remove; 2. give up, renounce; v-all. spare, leave be

llwsman /ɬusˈman/ v-t., v-s. suggest, recommend, propose

llwsmoth /ɬusˈmoθ/ n. suggestion, recommendation, proposal, idea

llyb /ɬib/ n-cl. (sg. llwȇgc /ˈɬu.ɛnk/) weeds

llynȏaran /ɬino̯͡aˈran/ v-i. swim

llynȏarnot /ɬiˈno̯͡arnot/ n. fin [llynȏar- ‘swim’ + -nȏt]

llyntan /ɬinˈtan/ v-i. vomit

llys-acuo̾ac /ɬiˈsə͡a̯kwɔk/ n. bracelet

lȏȃc /lo̯͡ɔk/ n. (pl. ilȏȃc /iˈlo̯͡ɔk/) tree

loal /lɔl/ n. (def. loal-ch /ˈlɔlə̥χ/, pl. loauoal /lɔˈwɔl/, def. pl. loauoal-ch /lɔˈwɔlə̥χ/) guard

lochua /ˈloχwa/ a. red

loent /lo̯͡ɛnt/ a. next

logc /lonk/ n. shield

loiem /loˈjɛm/ n. crop

loltan /lolˈtan/ v-t. 1. close, shut; 2. fold up, roll up; v-i. 1. stop, cut it out; 2. give up; v-p. cover, enclose

lolw /loˈlu/ n. (pl. t-shibȇt /tə̥ˈʃibɛt/) slave

lont /lont/ v-ab. refuse

lurpaish /lurˈpa͡ɪ̯ʃ/ n. (def. lurpaiesh /lurpaˈjɛʃ/, pl. noasloarpȃish /nɔsˈlɔrpa͡ɪ̯ʃ/, def. pl. noasloarpaiesh /nɔslɔrpaˈjɛʃ/) fool, clown, buffoon

lwch /luχ/ n. kindness

lwgȇch /ˈlu.ɛχ/ v-i. go around in a circle

lwlnw̑ /ˈlulnu/ v-t. weave

lwnodh /luˈnoð/ n. 1. circle, ring; 2. dome

lwnw’chleb /lunuχˈlɛb/ n. viper

lwnwr /luˈnur/ n. snake

lwra /ˈlura/ pre. for

lwran /luˈran/ v-al. 1. want, desire; 2. mean

lwrot /luˈrot/ n. which? how? what? (when asking someone to clarify what they want or intend); d. whichever, however, whatever

lwshit /luˈʃit/ n. tower

lwt /lut/ num. seven

lym /lim/ n. younger brother

lyn /lin/ v-t. stop (Obj: someone); v-i. stumble, lose balance

l-asc /lə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. wl-sh /uˈlə̥ʃ) pot

l-ascos /ˈlə͡a̯skos/ n-cl. clay [l-asc ‘pot’ + -ȏs]

m

machfȇch /‘maχɸɛχ/ v-ab. be fascinated by, be enthralled by, be obsessed with

machfwn /maχˈɸun/ n. prophet

machw /maˈχu/ n. wake, trail; pre. behind, after, following

machwȇch /maˈχu.ɛχ/ v-al. follow, track

machw’rȏan /maˈχu/ adv. last night

magc /mank/ n-cl. weapons, weaponry

main /ma͡ɪ̯n/ n-cl. (sg. maigȇgc /ˈma͡ɪ̯.ɛnk/) garlic

maran /maˈran/ v-t., v-s. say

marbielithen /marˌbjɛliˈθɛn/ v-i. chatter

maremw /marɛˈmu/ n. 1. waiting; 2. lasting, living; 3. time; ~ iny persistence, determination, courage; ~ faȏs season

maremwch /marɛˈmuχ/ n. era, age

marmai /ˈmarma͡ɪ̯/ a. green

marnonan /marnoˈnan/ v-p. nag, pester, push

marmwadh /marmuˈað/ v-al. wait for; v-p. last, live out

maruedh /marˈwɛð/ n. word [mar- ‘say’ + -uedh]

meieren /mɛjɛˈrɛn/ v-t. caress, pet

mel /mɛl/ n. person

melceb /mɛlˈkɛb/ v-t. hit, bump into

melfȇm /ˈmɛlɸɛm/ n. Melfem language

melfentan /mɛlɸɛnˈtan/ v-i. speak Melfem

melier /mɛlˈjɛr/ n-cl. (no sg.) spiral, swirl

melȏashan /mɛlo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-t. touch, be touching (involuntary); v-i. make sense, be reasonable, be logical

meloet /mɛˈlo͡ɛt/ n. (pl. llemeloȇt /ɬɛˈmɛlo̯͡ɛt/) brick

mema /ˈmɛma/ n-cl. (sg. memȇgc /ˈmɛmɛnk/) bubble

memetan /mɛmɛˈtan/ v-t. have (long-term)

ma-nchiwr /ma͡ə̯nχiˈur/ a. dangerous, threatening, foreboding

ma-nchiwrȃp /ma͡ə̯nχiˈuraθ/ n-cl. (sg. ma-nchiwrȃgc /ma͡ə̯nχiˈurank/) troubles, problems, concerns, dangers

merac /mɛˈrak/ a. 1. slow; 2. thick (consistency), viscous; 3. crowded, dense

merareb /mɛraˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. move slowly; 2. be tired; 3. mumble, mutter, speak indistinctly [merac + -reb]

mera-p /mɛˈra͡ə̯p/ num. sixteen

merceb /mɛrˈkɛb/ v-i. 1. thicken; 2. solidify, congeal, clot [trunc. meraceb]

mercenȏt /mɛrˈkɛnot/ n. 1. scab, clot; 2. callus [merceb ‘thicken' + -nȏt]

merfach /mɛrˈɸaχ/ a. hard to understand, unintelligible, incoherent [merfȃp ’swamp’ + -ach]

merfȃp /ˈmɛrɸap/ n-cl. (no sg.) swamp

merfȏs /mɛrˈɸɛnos/ n-cl. mud [merfȃp ‘swamp’ + ȏs]

mermȇsh /ˈmɛrmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. mermȇgc /ˈmɛrmɛnk/) fire

merȏan /mɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. tell

meroedh /mɛˈro̯͡ɛð/ n. telling

methit /mɛˈθit/ n. (pl. llemethȋt /ɬɛˈmɛθit/) bird

metoȇr /mɛˈto.ɛr/ n-cl. 1. power, authority; 2. mastery, proficiency

metot /mɛˈtot/ n. where?

mianwscuȇsh /mjaˈnuskwɛʃ/ n. (def. mian-scuesh /mjanə̥ˈskwɛʃ/, pl. llenienscuȇsh /ɬɛˈnjɛnskwɛʃ/, def. pl. llenien-scuesh /ɬɛˌnjɛnə̥ˈskwɛʃ/) bean

mias /mjas/ v-i. burst out, burst up

mintan /minˈtan/ v-i. be sweet (taste)

mintȏs /ˈmintos/ n. honey

mire /ˈmirɛ/ n. amount, quantity, volume

miret /miˈrɛt/ v-i. increase, multiply

miscoemp /miˈsco̯͡ɛmp/ n. brook, stream

moach /mɔχ/ n. queen

moan’plorouywr /ˌmɔnploˌrowiˈur/ n. poison hemlock [moantȏc ‘herb’ + plorouywr ‘vertigo’]

mȏant /mo̯͡ant/ n. grandmother

moantȏc /ˈmɔntok/ n-cl. herb

moelydh /ˈmo̯͡ɛlið/ n. mankind, humanity

moon /moˈon/ n. (def. moogch /moˈoχ/, pl. marmoon /marmoˈon/, def. pl. marmoogch /marmoˈoχ/) pistachio

mosar /moˈsar/ n-cl. (no sg.) boredom

mulwr /muˈlur/ n. (pl. samlwr /samˈlur/) chair, seat

mwllan /muˈɬan/ v-t. 1. soak, steep, let sit; 2. dissolve

mwn /mun/ n. beauty, grace, dignity

mwp /mup/ n. (pl. mwiwp /muˈjup/) invader

mwplet /muˈplɛt/ v-t. halve, cut in half, split in half

mwpoar /muˈpɔr/ v-p. invade

mwr /mur/ n. waste, squandering

mwrwsc̾ach /murusˈχaχ/ a. contemptible, reprehensible, shameful, wicked, heinous

mwsc /musk/ n. finger

mwscan /muˈskan/ v-t. tie together, tie up, bundle, bind; v-al. 1. pick at, scratch; 2. pluck

mydhw̑ /ˈmiðu/ n. family

myriwn /mirˈjwn/ v-t. excite

mysti /ˈmisti/ n. cook, chef

mystio̾ac /ˈmistjɔk/ a. good cook [mysti ‘cook’ + -uo̾ac]

n

nainet /na͡ɪ̯ˈnɛt/ v-t. carve

naptyn /napˈtin/ n. (pl. noaftyn /nɔɸˈtin/) part, section, piece

natiet /naˈtjɛt/ n. (def. natiec /naˈtjɛk/) storm

nebwt /nɛˈbut/ v-i. rage, be furious

negcȏagc /nɛnˈko̯͡ank/ n. (pl. tantegcȏagc /tanˌtɛnˈko̯͡ank/) bead

nelfie /ˈnɛlɸjɛ/ n. grandfather

neloagcuo̾ac /nɛˈlɔnkwɔk/ a. edible, useful (plant) [old. nelogc ‘plant’ + -uo̾ac with assimilation of /o/ to /ɔ/]

nena /ˈnɛna/ n. head; pre. on

nentwchan /nɛntuˈχan/ v-i. move (body)p>

nescashȗat /nɛˈskaʃwat/ n. (pl. tantescashȗat /tantɛˈskaʃwat/) pillow

neshoshuȋsh /nɛˈʃoʃwiʃ/ n. (pl. tanteshoshuȋsh /tantɛˈʃoʃwiʃ/) reversal, turnabout, about-face, upheaval

netfi /ˈnɛtɸi/ n. 1. end; 2. last one; 3. limit, border

niaran /njaˈran/ n. tar, pitch, bitumen

nicwnan /nikuˈnan/ v-i. pray

niorȇsh /ˈnjorɛʃ/ n. shoulder

nipes /niˈpɛs/ pro. it

nirythan /niriˈθan/ v-i. converse, speak, talk

nish-ceb /niʃə̥ˈkɛb/ v-t. spy on, watch unseen (as when hunting), surveil, observe

noachw̑m /ˈnɔχum/ n-cl. (def. cl. noachiam /nɔχˈjam/ or noach-am /nɔχˈə͡a̯m/, sg. tochim /toˈχim/, def. sg. tochecna /toˈχɛkna/) seeds

nȏall /no̯͡aɬ/ n-cl. straw, thatch

noant /nɔnt/ v-al. look for, search for, seek

noapan /nɔˈpan/ v-i. cry

noapȏs /ˈnɔpos/ n-cl. tear (fluid) [noap- ‘cry’ + -ȏs]

noaptw /nɔpˈtu/ n. (pl. inȏap /iˈno̯͡ap/) 1. stick; 2. pole, bar

noaran /nɔˈran/ v-i., v-l. stay, remain

noatac /nɔˈtak/ n. ice

nȏatacet /no̯͡ataˈkɛt/ v-ab. 1. squint at; 2. be sensitive to, attuned to, aware of, cognizant of, mindful of

noati /ˈnɔti/ n. sprout, shoot

noatian /nɔtˈjan/ v-i. sprout

noayst /nɔˈist/ n. 1. thing, object; 2. something

nochobȃn /noˈχoban/ v-i. melt

nochysh /noˈχiʃ/ n. (pl. posc̾ysh /posˈχiʃ/) disaster, tragedy

noeltan /no̯͡ɛlˈtan/ v-al. find, find out, discover, realize

noeltedh /ˈno̯͡ɛltɛð/ n. finding, discovery, realization

noer /no̯͡ɛr/ n. (pl. tantoer /tanˈto̯͡ɛr/) horn

noethoath /ˈno̯͡ɛθɔθ/ n. 1. solitude, loneliness; 2. uniqueness, singularity

noetyscauȋsh /no̯͡ɛtiˈskawiʃ/ n. medicine [noetysc- ‘be sick’ + -auȋsh]

noetyscet /no̯͡ɛtiˈskɛt/ v-i. be sick, be ill

noetyscȇt /no̯͡ɛtˈiskɛt/ n. sick person, ill person, patient [noetysc- ‘be sick’ + -ȇt]

nom /nom/ a. yellow/light green

nomw̑ /ˈnomu/ n. mother

nonesi /noˈnɛsi/ n. flaw, imperfection, defect

nonor /noˈnor/ n. railing, parapet, banister, balustrade

nonwll /noˈnuɬ/ n. gate

nop1 /nop/ v-t. 1. touch, feel (S: human or animal; voluntary); 2. consider, think about

nop2 /nop/ n. (pl. sanop /saˈnop/) slit, slot, crevice, crack, indentation, cleft

noploellan /noplo̯͡ɛˈɬan/ v-t. learn (Obj: language)

noruach /norˈwaχ/ a. 1. nervous, anxious, jumpy, restless, worried; 2. irritable, prickly; 3. upset, disturbed, bothered

norunofan /norunoˈɸan/ v-t. move around hurriedly, rummage through

noruesh /norˈwɛʃ/ c. (pl. santoruesh /santorˈwɛʃ/) or possibly, maybe

noth /noθ/ n. (pl. tantoth /tanˈtoθ/) 1. leg, foot; 2. root

nothoeshet /noθO̯͡ɛˈʃɛt/ v-t. 1. step on [noth ‘foot’ + -oesh]; 2. land on, alight on; 3. put on (Obj: shoe)

nuȏt-c /ˈnu͡o̯tə̥k/ n. language

nuȏt-cuo̾ac /ˈnu͡o̯tə̥kwɔk/ n. articulate, fluent, well-spoken, eloquent speech [nuȏt-c ‘language’ + -uo̾ac]

nupwr /nuˈpur/ n. (pl. sampwr /samˈpur/) woman

nwcnosh /nukˈnoʃ/ n-cl. urine

nwwlb /nuˈulb/ a. fluffy, furry

nwm /num/ n. dress, gown

nwmnach /numˈnaχ/ a. 1. smiling, cheerful, jovial, bubbly; 2. smug, self-contented, snobbish [trunc. nwmwnach < nwmwn ‘smile’ + -ach]

nwmwn /nuˈmun/ v-i. smile, grin

nwnȏȃmp /nuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky

nworeb /nu.oˈrɛb/ v-t. defile, violate, desecrate, sully

nwpan /nuˈpan/ v-ab. 1. pass, go past; 2. overshoot, overlap

nwyntuesoadh /nu.intwɛˈsɔð/ n-cl. (sg. nwyntuesoagc /nu.intwɛˈsɔnk/) moans, growns, howls

nyac-t /niˈakə̥t/ n. skin

nyanwt /ni.aˈnut/ v-t. be inclined to, in agreement with, amenable to, interested in

nycascan /nikaˈskan/ v-s. promise, pledge, commit

nycuan /niˈkwan/ v-t. 1. sound, make a sound, make a noise; 2. be loud

nycuedh /niˈkwɛð/ n. volume, loudness [nycw̑ ‘sound’ + -uedh]

nycw̑ /ˈniku/ v-al. sound

nyfalwl /niɸaˈlul/ a. 1. intense, intensive, acute, extreme, fervent, strong, sharp; 2. consuming, laborious, exhausting

nyfalwlȃp /niɸaˈlulap/ n-cl. (sg. nyfalwlȃgc /niɸaˈlulank/) pangs, spasms, throes, pounding

nyfan /niˈɸan/ v-t. 1. take, pick up; 2. swallow; 3. choose, select, pick, decide on; v-s. decide, choose, resolve

nypo /ˈnipo/ n. pit, hole

nyponofan /niponoˈɸan/ v-t. empty, hollow out

nypwr /niˈpur/ n. rim, edge [nypo ‘hole’ + -wr]

nysa /ˈnisa/ n. older sister

nysc /nisk/ num. six

o

oabesh /ɔˈbɛʃ/ (def. oaba-sh /ɔˈba͡ə̯ʃ/, pl. nȏȃbesh /ˈno̯͡ɔbɛʃ/, def. pl. nȏa̾besh /no̯͡ɔˈbɛʃ/) n. sleeve

oach /ɔχ/ n. (def. achelch /aˈχɛlχ/, def. pl. tagchelch /taˈχɛlχ/) shovel

oain /oˈa͡ɪ̯n/ n. (def. oaig-ch /oˈa͡ɪ̯ə̥χ/, pl. lloȃin /ˈɬo.a͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. lloain /ɬoˈa͡ɪ̯n/) drum

oaguyr

oalyp /ɔˈlip/ v-l. knock on, rap on, bang on

oant /ɔnt/ n. numbness (physical or emotional)

oanyc /ɔˈnik/ n-cl. pests, vermin

oaroȇr /ɔˈro.ɛr/ n-cl. thorn

oaroerach /ɔro̯͡ɛˈraχ/ a. thorny, prickly

oathoath /ɔˈθɔθ/ d. somewhere, wherever

oauyr /ɔˈwir/ a. evil, immoral

obal /oˈbal/ n. (pl. lleual /ɬɛˈwal/) wrist

oblot /obˈlot/ v-t. swipe at, swat, slap, smack [rel. obal ˈwrist’]

oc /ok/ d. this, that

ocelcan /oˌkɛlˈkan/ v-s. think, believe

ochȏarmat /oχo̯͡arˈmat/ v-i. be dead tired, exhausted

oel /o̯͡ɛl/ d. certain, particular, specific

oetyscan /o̯͡ɛtiˈskan/ v-t. conquer, take over

ofalan /oɸaˈlan/ v-al., v-p. climb

ofalnȏt /oˈɸalnot/ n. ladder [ofal- ‘climb’ + -nȏt]

ogc /onk/ n-cl. sheep

ogcȏs /ˈonkos/ n-cl. wool [ogc ‘sheep’ + -ȏs]

olȏȃt /oˈlo̯͡ɔt/ adv. during the day

olwf /oˈluɸ/ n. daughter

omwgcan /omunˈkan/ v-l. 1. scratch, scrape; 2. shave

onal /oˈnal/ n. (pl. noantal /nɔnˈtal/) poem

onoan /oˈnɔn/ v-t. 1. demonstrate, explain, show; 2. point to, point at

onȏan /oˈno̯͡an/ n. (pl. yntȏan /inˈto̯͡an/) bone

onof /oˈnoɸ/ adv. frighteningly, scarily

opasiet /opaˈsjɛt/ v-i. 1. keep on going, go on, continue; 2. be long-winded

opeshan /opɛˈʃan/ v-t. smack, slap, hit, strike

opiab /oˈpjab/ v-i. whine

oplair /oˈpla͡ɪ̯r/ n. 1. coat; 2. peel, skin (fruit, vegetable)

oplȇm /ˈoplɛm/ n-cl. (no sg.) envy, jealousy

opȏagcan /opo̯͡anˈkan/ v-i. 1. deepen; 2. gape, yawn, be wide open; 3. bellow, boom; 4. echo

oponȃc /oˈponak/ a. 1. thick, wide; 2. deep

oponacȃp /opoˈnakap/ n-cl. (sg. oponacȃgc /opoˈnakank/) depths, bottom, deep

opor /oˈpor/1 a. false, wrong, incorrect

opor /oˈpor/2 n. cinnamon

oraian /ora͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-i. be tall; v-ab . survive, outlast

ory̑s /ˈoris/ n. peacock

oscan /oˈskan/ v-t. spread, disperse, scatter, split up, disseminate, sow, diverge; v-al. visit, show up at, turn up at

oscanȏt /oˈskanot/ n. river delta

oscelȏan /oskɛˈlo̯͡an/ v-t. disappoint, let down

oscestat /oskɛsˈtat/ v-t. 1. take apart, disassemble, break down; 2. prune (tree, plant)

osc̾in /osˈχin/ n-cl. (no sg.) torture

osepel /osɛˈpɛl/ n. (def. osep-al /osɛˈpə͡a̯l/) hammer, mallet

osont /oˈsont/ n. (pl. tansoant /tanˈsɔnt/) hat

ot-al /oˈtə͡a̯l/ v-t. 1. put back, put away, return, replace; 2. stop, thwart, defeat, rout

otwsagcan /otusanˈkan/ v-t. translate, interpret

p

pa /pa/ i. wow

padhian /paðˈjan/ v-t. separate

padhiwr /paðˈjur/ n. kind, type, class [padh- ‘separate’ + -wr]

pail /pa͡ɪ̯l/ n. snow

pair /pa͡ɪ̯r/ n. (def. pȃiref /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrɛɸ/) water [trunc. pairȇf]

pair’afash /pa͡ɪ̯raˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. underwater

pȃirwr /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrur/ n. moisture [pair ‘water’ + -wr]

paliem /palˈjɛm/ a. withered, shriveled

paliot /palˈjot/ a., adv. what appearance?

palt /palt/ n. 1. step, pace, stride; 2. access, path, approach, passage, way in; pre. near, close to

paltan /palˈtan/ v-i. step

palteb /palˈtɛb/ v-t. 1. come close to, approach, near; 2. close in on, surround; 3. pressure, press, push

paltuo̾ac /ˈpaltwɔk/ n. shortcut [palt ‘path’ + -uo̾ac

paluan /palˈwan/ v-t. 1. see, look at; 2. meet

paluauȋsh /palˈwawiʃ/ n. eyelid [palu- ‘see’ + -auȋsh]

palȗos /ˈpalwos/ n. image, drawing [palu- ‘see’ + -ȏs]

paluos‘maruedh /palˌwosmarˈwɛð/ n. 1. description, metaphor; 2. figure of speech, idiom, expression

paluys /palˈwis/ adv. obviously, clearly, flagrantly

palylit /paliˈlit/ n. 1. gradation, degree, stage; 2. nuance, subtlety

panafiedh /panaˈɸjɛð/ n. ability, capability, capacity [panap ‘see’ + -uedh]

panap /paˈnap/ v-s. 1. can, be able to; 2. tolerate, accept

pasai /paˈsa͡ɪ̯/ v-t. 1. hold, hold on to, carry; 2. catch (something thrown or dropped); 3. understand; 4. converge with, meet, join to (lines, sides, pieces); v-al. stare at

pasainot /paˈsa͡ɪ̯not/ n. point, corner [pasai ‘converge’ + -nȏt]

pasaios /paˈsa͡ɪ.os/ n. something held or carried, load, cargo, package, burden [pasai ‘carry’ + -ȏs]

pascoe /ˈpasko̯͡ɛ/ n. sinew, tendon

pasho /ˈpaʃo/ n. blue

peb /pɛb/ n. new moon

pelwsȏs /pɛˈlusos/ n. other side, reverse

pel-ansh /pɛˈlə͡a̯nʃ/ n-cl. (def. cl. p-alesh /pə͡a̯ˈlɛʃ/, sg. pel-agc /pɛˈlə͡a̯nk/, def. sg. p-alegc /pə͡a̯ˈlɛnk/) teeth; ~ r-alup baby teeth

penoenach /pɛno̯͡ɛˈnaχ/ a. clever, quick-witted, on the ball, bright, intelligent

penoenet /pɛno̯͡ɛˈnɛt/ v-t. figure out, solve, resolve

peoant /pɛˈɔnt/ n. shame, disgrace

pernofan /pɛrnoˈɸan/ v-t. strengthen, reinforce

pesh-chan /pɛʃə̥ˈχan/ v-t. harvest, pick

pesh-chant /pɛʃə̥ˈχant/ n. harvest

pesh-chwr /pɛʃə̥ˈχur/ n-cl. scraps, mess, detritus [pesh-ch- ‘harvest’ + -wr]

pesoch /pɛˈsoχ/ n. what?

pesochuȋsh /pɛˈsoχwiʃ/ n. what then? (if not something else)

pethiw̑ /pɛˈθi.u/ n. sadness, depression, gloom

petw /pɛˈtu/ n. morning

pianan /pjaˈnan/ v-i. mature, grow up, ripen (S: plant, person)

pianȃth /ˈpjanaθ/ n. maturity, ripeness, readiness [pian- ‘mature’ + -ȃth]

pioapwn /pjɔˈpun/ n.(pl. pioapwiwn /pjɔpuˈjun/) desert

plashw̑ /ˈplaʃu/ c. so, then, therefore

plepwn /plɛˈpun/ v-t. put on a string or line or hook (beads, clothing)

pleren /plɛˈrɛn/ v-t. validate, affirm, confirm

plescoay /plɛˈskɔ.i/ n. (def. plescoa-ch /plɛsˈkɔ.ə̥χ/, pl. noaplescuy /nɔˈplɛskwi/, def. pl. noaplescu-ch /nɔˈplɛskwə̥χ/) lizard

pletuȃsh /plɛˈtu͡a̯ʃ/ n. (pl. noapletȗsh /nɔˈplɛtuʃ/) store, reserve, supply, stock, cache

pletwch /plɛˈtuχ/ v-t. 1. store, reserve, save, keep for later; 2. lock up, tie up

pliw̑n /ˈpli.un/ v-t. get, receive

ploalt /plɔlt/ n., a. unfortunate, miserable, poor thing, pitiful

ploaret /plɔˈrɛt/ v-ab. resent, feel spiteful, feel bitter toward, feel sore at

ploas /plɔs/ n. (pl. noaplw̑s /ˈnɔplus/) bee

ploȇr /ˈplo.ɛr/ adv. on the edge, at the tip

plorouy /ploˈrowi/ v-i. spin, rotate

plorouywr /ploˌrowiˈur/ n. dizziness, vertigo

plos /plos/ n. wick

plot /plot/ i. great, wonderful

pluȃ /plu͡a̯/ n. day

pluan /pluˈan/ v-t. trim, remove unwanted parts, clean up

pluȏreb /ˈplu͡o̯rɛb/ v-al. mourn, grieve for, pine for; v-i. wail, sob, weep [plwp ‘dirge’ + -reb]

pluys /pluˈis/ adv. hardly, barely, as little as possible, the bare minimum

plwchrescan /pluχrɛˈskan/ v-t. say incorrectly, misinform

plwdhi /ˈpluði/ n. owl

plwp /plup/ n. dirge

plwrȃs /ˈpluras/ n. younger sister

plwshwn /pluˈʃun/ n. challenge, dare

plwth /pluθ/ n. lack, void, absence, loss

plwtuȃt /pluˈtu͡a̯t/ n. marrow

plww /pluˈu/ n. (no def., no pl.) splendor, glory, majesty

plyedhw̑ /pliˈɛðu/ n. (pl. taflyedhw̑ /taɸliˈɛðu/) 1. mouth; 2. voice

plynont /pliˈnont/ n. expanse, vast area

poam /pɔm/ part. (poan /pɔn/ before /t s ʃ/) that, who, which

poanidh /pɔˈnið/ n. (pl. poaiwdh /pɔˈjuð/ or tanpoaiwdh /tanpɔˈjuð/) walnut

pȏant-p /ˈpo̯͡antə̥p/ num. 64

poaȏs /ˈpɔ.os/ n. (def. posc /posk/, pl. clagmot /klaˈmot/, def. pl. clagcha /ˈklaχa/ or clagch-ch /ˈklaχə̥χ/) carcass (of animal)

pȏȃp /po̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. pwt /put/) basket

pȏatan /po̯͡aˈtan/ v-i. 1. work together, cooperate; 2. get along well

pȏȃth /po̯͡ɔθ/ n. capacity, space, room, volume

pochoech /poˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. nowadays

pochonsyw /poχonsiˈu/ a., adv. distant, far

poemp /po̯͡ɛmp/ n. mask

poeshyn /ˈpo̯͡ɛʃin/ n. 1. forehead; 2. front, fore, forefront; 3. promontory, bluff

poet /po̯͡ɛt/ n. dawn

poeten /po̯͡ɛˈtɛn/ v-i. shine

poloelt /poˈlo̯͡ɛlt/ n. perspective, viewpoint, standpoint

poloscan1 /poloˈskan/ v-i. sit; v-v. be diligent, persistent, do something regularly; v-s. follow, stick with, adhere to: cem polosfi t-llem finmerȏafi ‘he adhered to what she instructed’; v-l. stay with; v-ab. rest from

poloscan2 /poloˈskan/ v-t. wrap, encase, coat

pomuȏnt-p /poˈmu͡o̯ntə̥p/ n. bladder

ponash /poˈnaʃ/ n. wing

posop /poˈsop/ n. 1. descendant, scion; 2. heir, inheritor; 3. survivor

posw /poˈsu/ n. (pl. ipȏas /iˈpo̯͡as/) face; pre. in front of, before

poth /poθ/ n. nap: cen poth ‘he's taking a nap’

pouosc /poˈwosk/ n. secret

puȃsyb /ˈpu͡a̯sib/ n. (pl. tanpuȃshyb /tanˈpu͡a̯ʃib/) fruit tree

punesȏc /puˈnɛsok/ n. lunch

punoch-t /puˈnoχə̥t/ a. how big?, how much? [rel. puȏch ‘big’]

puȏch /pu͡o̯χ/ a. big, large, great [trunc. punȏch]

puȏreb /ˈpu͡o̯rɛb/ v-i. be lined up, in a row; v-al. be shaped like, arranged as [(tan)pwth ‘line, shape’ + -reb]

puys /pwis/ adv. partially, partly, somewhat

puyscet /pwiˈskɛt/ v-i. sigh

puys-t /ˈpwisə̥t/ adv. how little? [old. puysot, influenced by punoch-t]

pw /pu/ d. (pl. noapw̑ /ˈnɔpu/) some (of)

pwcen /puˈkɛn/ v-al. 1. list, enumerate; 2. count

pwcuwntȗc /puˈkwuntuk/ n. scale (of fish or reptile)

pwleseb /pulɛˈsɛb/ v-t., v-s. wish, hope for

pwlo /ˈpulo/ a. long, lengthy

pwloȇch /puˈlo.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. lengthen, add onto, expand; 2. stretch, stretch out, pull

pwl-sot /pulə̥ˈsot/ adv. how should...? [pwles- + -ot]

pwnchery̑ /ˈpunχɛri/ n-cl. (no sg.) vine

pwnief /puˈnjɛɸ/ n. ceiling

pwrchelb /purˈχɛlb/ n. army

pwsh /puʃ/ num. two

pwsmwsh /pusˈmuʃ/ a. far, distant

pwsmwshȃp /pusˈmuʃap/ n-cl. (sg. pwsmwshȃgc /pusˈmuʃank/) distance, furthest reaches, outskirts

pwsnwran /pusnuˈran/ v-t. 1. analyze, evaluate, interpret; 2. debate, argue over

pwsuan /puˈswan/ v-t. hide

pw-sys /pu.ə̥ˈsis/ adv. 1. desperately, wistfully; 2. pleading, begging; 3. politely [rel. pwleseb ‘wish’]

pwth /puθ/ n. 1. distance, span, length, width; 2. line; 3. (pl.) shape, form, structure, arrangement

pysti /ˈpisti/ n. relative

p-ach /pə͡a̯χ/ n. cold, chill

p-an /pə͡a̯n/ a. cold

p-aren /pə͡a̯ˈrɛn/ v-t. surprise

p-ashach /ˈpə͡a̯ʃaχ/ a. blind

p-llac /pə̥ˈɬak/ n. radish

p-llacuo̾ac /pə̥ˈɬakwɔk/ n. beet [p-llac ‘radish’ + -uo̾ac]

p-sych /pə̥ˈsiχ/ n. number

p-shin /pə̥ˈʃin/ n. mucus

r

ragc1 /rank/ num. nine

ragc2 /rank/ n. (pl. saragc /saˈrank/) color

ragcȃp /ˈrankap/ n-cl. (no sg.): ~ pair rainbow

ragcnȏt /ˈranknot/ n. (pl. saragcnȏt /saˈranknot/) paint [ragc2 ‘color’ + -nȏt]

rain /ra͡ɪ̯n/ n. (def. raiga /ˈra͡ɪ̯.a/, pl. syrain, /siˈra͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. syraiga /siˈra͡ɪ̯.a/) smell, odor, scent

raith /ra͡ɪ̯θ/ num. eleven

ranwȃn /raˈnu.an/ v-t. offer, present

ranysc /raˈnisk/ num. fourteen

rap /rap/ a. small, little

raper /raˈpɛr/ a. strong [ra- + obs. per ‘strength’]

raplob /raˈplob/ a. agreeable, congenial, sympathetic

raplwt /raˈplut/ num. fifteen

rapwsh /raˈpuʃ/ num. ten

raret /raˈrɛt/ v-t. bring

rashot /raʃot/ a. unquestionable, uncontested, clear, obvious [ra- + shot ‘true’]

rash-uegc /raʃə̥ˈwɛnk/ n-cl. swan

ras /ras/ adv. never

raslish /rasˈliʃ/ n. fit, tantrum

rasry /ˈrasri/ num. thirteen

ratwman /ratuˈman/ num. twelve

rayp /raˈip/ a. nice, kind

ra-p /ra͡ə̯p/ num. eight

rebeb /rɛˈbɛb/ v-i. scream, yell, yelp

refwȇch /rɛˈɸu.ɛχ/ v-i. spray, sprinkle, spatter, splatter

relb /rɛlb/ n-cl. water lily

remwsc /rɛˈmusk/ v-i. 1. protrude, stick out, stick up; 2. be defiant, rebelious, stubborn, difficult; v-t. sting, bite (if venomous)

rem-sh /ˈrɛmə̥ʃ/ n. quarrel, squabble, fight

reoa /ˈrɛ.ɔ/ n. braid

repoeresh /rɛˈpo̯͡ɛrɛʃ/ n. caterpillar

reso /ˈrɛ.so/ n. dough

reth /rɛθ/ n. bile, gall

rew̑ /ˈrɛ.u/ n. (def. ref /rɛɸ/) feather

rifw /riˈɸu/ n. force, coercion

rir /rir/ n. (pl. noarer /nɔˈrɛr/) bag, sack

risar /riˈsar/ n-cl. mistake, error

risaran /risaˈran/ v-i., v-s. make a mistake, error do something mistakenly; v-al. mess up

rish /riʃ/ n. (pl. noarish /nɔˈriʃ/) nest

rit /rit/ n. essence, quality, property, air, substance, form

ro /ro/ pro. one, someone

rȏan /ro̯͡an/ adv. at night

rȏȃp /ro̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. lleroo̾ap /ɬɛˈro.ɔp/) duck

roar /rɔr/ v-t. hurt, injure, wound

rȏas /ro̯͡as/ n. hut, shack

roemagc /ˈro̯͡ɛmank/ n. (pl. c-allmagc /ˈkə͡a̯ɬmank/) sword

romȏaran /romo̯͡aˈran/ v-ab. 1. leave behind, abandon; 2. forget

romuan /romˈwan/ v-t. call, summon, yell to

romyn /roˈmin/ v-t. pander to, suck up to, flatter

roshȏȃp /roˈʃo̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. r-shuȃf-ch /rə̥ˈʃu͡a̯ɸə̥χ/) thumb

rouan /roˈwan/ n. club, cudgel

rwm /rum/ a. 1. crooked, off; 2. misaligned; 3. wrong size

rwmȇsh /ˈrumɛʃ/ n-cl. (def. cl. rwmaisc /ruˈma͡ɪ̯sk/, sg. rwmegc /ruˈmɛnk/, def. sg. rwmesh /ruˈmɛʃ/) elaboration, explanation, details

rwmoniat /rumoˈnjat/ v-i. jump, leap; v-l. jump, leap (across)

rwmposh /rumˈpoʃ/ v-ab. lose, misplace; v-i. 1. be different, be an exception; 2. be out of place, jarring, unexpected, uncharacteristic, unlikely; v-t. disagree with, differ from, oppose, dissent

rwmuar /ruˈmwar/ n-cl. (no def. cl., sg. san-sh /ˈsanə̥ʃ/, def. sg. sani-ch /ˈsanjə̥χ/) enemy

rwnȏȃ /ˈruno̯͡ɔ/ n. (pl. llwnȏȃ /ˈɬuno̯͡ɔ/) furrow, ditch, trench

rwrȇsh /ˈrurɛʃ/ n. (pl. wrȇsh /ˈurɛʃ/) elbow

rwroeshet /ruro̯͡ɛˈʃɛt/ v-t. bend, flex, crease [rwr- ‘elbow’ + -oesh]

rwshwl /ruˈʃul/ a. 1. deformed, malformed, disfigured; 2. strange, weird, odd

rww /ruˈu/ n. (no def., no pl.) 1. befuddlement, perplexity; 2. daze, stupefaction; 3. something being amiss

ryfnief /riɸniˈɛɸ/ n. (pl. tachyfnief /taχiɸniˈɛɸ/) lettuce

ryp /rip/ n-cl. (sg. ryfȇgc /ˈriɸɛnk/) star

ryp-l /ripə̥l/ n. clam

r-alup /ˈrə͡a̯lup/ a. 1. away, gone; 2. lost, missing; 3. used up, finished

r-am /rə͡a̯m/ n. lymph, pus, bodily fluid

r-amnot /ˈrə͡a̯mnot/ n. blister [r-am ‘lymph’ + -not]

r-pon /rə̥ˈpon/ n. (pl. r-an /rə͡a̯n/) eye

r-ponofan /rə̥ponoˈɸan/ v-t. observe, watch, pay attention to [r-pon ‘eye’ + -nof]

r-sh /rə̥ʃ/ i. shh, shush, hush, quiet

r-shet /rə̥ˈʃɛt/ n. 1. someone hushed, silenced, cowed, put in their place; 2. someone shy, bashful [r-sh ‘shush’ + -ȇt]

s

sachpe /ˈsaχpɛ/ n. (pl. noasachpe /nɔˈsaχpɛ/) cliff

saib /sa͡ɪ̯b/ adv. with one's eyes closed, blindly [rel. soabech ‘shut one's eyes’]

sainan1 /sa͡ɪ̯ˈnan/ v-i. open, unfold, spread apart, spread out

sainan2 /sa͡ɪ̯ˈnan/ v-i. be naive, unaware, un-self-aware, unsophisticated; v-s. allow, let, permit

saintach /ˈsa͡ɪ̯ntaχ/ a. hypocritical

salmoet /salˈmo̯͡ɛt/ v-t. like, enjoy

samel /saˈmɛl/ n. roof

samwgcwi /samunˈku.i/ n. tornado

sanoach-s /saˈnɔχə̥s/ n-pl. (no sg.) multiple ones

sanpe /ˈsanpɛ/ n. (pl. esholȏsh /ɛˈʃoloʃ/) vegetable

sanyman /saniˈman/ v-ab., v-s. remember, reminisce about, recall

sanyman’choech /saniˌmanˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. in the past, olden days, ancient times

sapta /ˈsapta/ v-t. 1. smash; 2. attack, harm

saptat /sapˈtat/ n. 1. smashing; 2. attack, harm

saptwr /sapˈtur/ n-cl. shards, broken pieces, fragments [sapta- ‘smash’ + -wr]

saptwre̾ /sapˈturɛwɛ/ n-cl. crumbs, little shards, little broken pieces, little fragments

sarmedhian /sarmɛðˈjan/ v-s. demand, order, command

sarwsh /saˈruʃ/ n. 1. paste, glue; 2. sludge, muck, goo

sasob /saˈsob/ n. wisdom

scalch /skalχ/ n-cl. brush, scrub (plants)

scanofan /skanoˈɸan/ v-t. teach (to do something), train

scant /skant/ n. expert, master

scantach /skanˈtaχ/ a. 1. expert, knowledgeable, skilled [scant ‘expert’ + -ach]

scantys /skanˈtis/ n. expertly, skillfully, flawlessly, masterfully

sceleb /skɛˈlɛb/ v-al. appreciate, respect, admire

scel-p /ˈskɛlə̥p/ n. someone respected, honorable, dignified

scelt /skɛlt/ n. cause, reason, deservedness, justification

sceltot /skɛlˈtot/ adv. for what reason?, why?, with what justification?

scen /skɛn/ n. claw

scenan /skɛˈnan/ v-t. 1. snatch, grab; 2. steal, usurp; 3. take up, fill (Obj: area)

scenoo̾at /skɛˈno.ɔt/ n. (def. scenȏȃt /skɛˈno̯͡ɔt/, pl. sasnoo̾at /sasˈno.ɔt/, def. pl. sasnȏȃt /sasˈno̯͡ɔt/) hoof

scescȏam /skɛˈsko̯͡am/ n-cl. lice

sciedh /skjɛð/ n. 1. group, collection, gathering, assemblage, division, set

sciedhaian /skjɛða͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. gather, collect, assemble; 2. allocate, designate, set aside; 3. reject, put aside, cast off, sideline, marginalize; 4. shun

sciedhen /skjɛˈðɛn/ v-ab. avoid, stay away from

sciefan /skjɛˈɸan/ v-t. 1. have (short term, or in a certain circumstance, or for a certain purpose): sciefe osepel lluech poam’aiedh ‘I have a hammer you can use’; 2. know, be familiar with, be acquainted with; 3. distract

sciwreb /skjuˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. act on one's own, by oneself, independently; 2. strongly, forcefully, really; 3. be alone [sciwt ‘self’ + -reb]

sciwt /skjut/ d. same, own, self

sciwtȃch /ˈskjutaχ/ a. 1. egotistical, self-centered, selfish; 2. unreliable, untrustworthy, fickle

sciwtauȋsh /skjuˈtawiʃ/ n. reflection [sciwt ‘self’ + -auȋsh]

sciwtȇt /ˈskjutɛt/ n. identical twin [sciwt ‘self’ + -ȇt]

sciww /skjuˈu/ n. (no def., no pl.) immortality

scoait /skoˈa͡ɪ̯t/ n. (def. scoait-ch /skoˈa͡ɪ̯tə̥χ/, pl. llescoaȋt /ɬɛˈskɔ.it/, def. pl. llescoait /ɬɛskɔˈit/) 1. hill; 2. ramp

scoalb /skɔlb/ n. what else?, what next?; i. what else? what next?, continue, and then what?

scoalbȃth /ˈskɔlbaθ/ n. sequence, order, procedure, steps, process [scoalb ‘what next?’ + -ȃth]

scoan /skɔn/ n. (pl. noascoan /nɔˈskɔn/ or /ˈnɔskɔn/) pile, accumulation, stack, mass

scoanwr /skɔˈnur/ n-cl. 1. remainder, rest, leftover; 2. spillage, spillover; 3. something unimportant, nonessential, incidental, accidental, chance [scoan ‘pile’ + -wr]

scoarȇb /ˈskɔrɛb/ v-i. 1. be one's turn, be one's time, have one's chance; 2. be responsible, be accountable for, be in charge of [scoalb ‘what next?’ + -reb]

scochai /ˈskoχa͡ɪ̯/ v-i. shake, tremble

scochaiuosh /skoˈχa͡ɪ̯woʃ/ n. earthquake

scoiec /skoˈjɛk/ a. dirty, lewd, obscene

scoll /skoɬ/ n. (pl. noasc-ll /ˈnɔskə̥ɬ/) 1. example, illustration, instance; 2. member, one (of)

scolluo̾ac /ˈskoɬwɔk/ n. 1. good example, good illustration, typical instance; 2. epitome, prototype, exemplar [scoll ‘example’ + -uo̾ac]

scorai /ˈskora͡ɪ̯/ v-i. curse, swear; v-t.1. blaspheme, profane, desecrate; 2. slander, malign, denounce

scuian /skwiˈan/ v-ab. 1. lack, be without; 2. miss, miss out on

scwch /skuχ/ v-t. nitpick, kibitz, pester, meddle, pester

scwf /skuɸ/ adv. 1. in the traditional way, authentically, according to custom; 2. properly, accurately, carefully [rel. scwr ‘tradition’]

scwr /skur/ n-cl. tradition

scwtuȏt /skuˈtu͡o̯t/ n. handle [scwtwn ‘hold’ + -nȏt]

scwtwn /skuˈtun/ v-t. 1. hold, wield, grip, bear (Obj: tool, weapon); 2. manipulate, control; 3. be wrapped around (vine)

scyb /skib/ n. (pl. sciiyb /skiˈjib/) camel

scyl /skil/ n. flatness, evenness, equivalence, balance, fairness

scylȋsh /ˈskiliʃ/ n. (pl. noascyl /nɔˈskil/) gesture, motion, indication, body language

secoascȏa /sɛˈkɔsko̯͡a/ adv. enough

secoay /sɛˈkɔ.i/ n. (def. secoa-ch /sɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/, pl. t-shecoay /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.i/, def. pl. t-shecoa-ch /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/) 1. fold, crease; 2. wrinkle

sec-ri /sɛkə̥ˈri/ num. five

sefoab /sɛˈɸɔb/ n. (pl. noasefo̾ab /nɔˈsɛɸɔb/) cat

segcloshwb /sɛnkloˈʃub/ n. barrier, barricade, fence, protective wall [sen- + closhwb ’block off’]

selȃch /ˈsɛlaχ/ n. (def. selȏach /sɛˈlo̯͡aχ/, pl. salȏch /ˈsalɛχ/, def. pl. saloȃch /saˈlo̯͡aχ/) bit, drop, speck, fleck

sembȇr /ˈsɛmbɛr/ n. (sg. soerȇgc /ˈso̯͡ɛrɛnk/) organs, entrails, viscera

semoap /sɛˈmɔp/ n. gust of wind

senbatan /sɛnbaˈtan/ v-t. 1. lift, raise, pick up; 2. help, assist, aid; 3. deliver (Obj: baby) ~ esc̾il dig

senba-not /sɛnˈba͡ə̯not/ n. tool, apparatus, device [senbat- ‘assist’ + -nȏt]

senelp /sɛˈnɛlp/ n. Sngõlpowhetet language

senoap /sɛˈnɔp/ n. toe

seseshet /sɛsɛˈʃɛt/ v-i. spit

setoetuan /sɛto̯͡ɛˈtwan/ v-i., v-al. become ready, get ready, prepare for

shachai /ˈʃaχa͡ɪ̯/ n. place in order or hierarchy, rank, position, level, step

shagc /ʃank/ n. treachery, betrayal of trust, duplicity

shagcȃch /ˈʃankaχ/ (or shagc̾ȃch /ˈʃaχaχ/) n. treacherous, duplicitous, backstabbing, disloyal, double-crossing

shaill /ʃa͡ɪ̯ɬ/ a. 1. loose, slack; 2. undone, untied; 3. easy

shȃilly-n /ʃa͡ɪ̯ˈɬi͡ə̥n/ v-t. 1. loosen; 2. undo, untie; 3. comb [shaill ‘loose’ + -y-n]

shapat /ʃaˈpat/ n. (pl. noashapwt /nɔʃaˈput/) animal

shebesh /ʃɛˈbɛʃ/ v-t. sow

shegcescw̑ /ʃɛnˈkɛsku/ n. farmer [she- + igcescu- ‘plow, work soil’ < cescu- ‘toil’]

shegshir /ʃɛˈʃir/ a. 1. backwards, upside down, reversed, inside-out; 2. ironic, paradoxical, twisted, contrary, perverse

shegshirach /ʃɛʃiˈraχ/ a. always doing the wrong thing, always making mistakes, always making wrong decisions, incompetent [shegshir ‘reversed' + -ach]

shegshirȃp /ʃɛˈʃirap/ n-cl. (sg. shegshirȃgc /ʃɛˈʃirank/) ironies, paradoxes

shel /ʃɛl/ n. dog

shelach /ʃɛˈlaχ/ n. clingy, fawning, sycophantic, devoted, loyal [shel ‘dog’ + -ach]

shelt /ʃɛlt/ v-i. feel remorseful, guilty, contrite

shepal /ʃɛˈpal/ n. (def. sh-p-al /ʃə̥ˈpə͡a̯l/, pl. poshal /poˈʃal/, def. pl. p-sh-al /pə̥ˈʃə͡a̯l/) girl

shepȏantac /ʃɛˈpo̯͡antak/ n. 1. newcomer; 2. visitor, guest [epȏantac ’appear, show up’]

shepwrchelb /ʃɛpurˈχɛlb/ n. soldier [she- + pwrchelb ‘army’]

sherab /ʃɛˈrab/ n-cl. (sg. sherash /ʃɛˈraʃ/) fly

sheshan /ʃɛˈʃan/ v-t. do, perform, carry out

sheshap /ʃɛˈʃap/ n-cl. activity, business, work, bustle, labor

sheshȇt /ˈʃɛʃɛt/ n. partner, co-worker, buddy [shesh- ‘do’ + -ȇt]

sheshoagcw̑ /ʃɛˈʃɔnku/ n. student [she- + shoagcu- ‘learn’]

shesyplash /ʃɛsiˈplaʃ/ n. tortoise [she- + syplash- obs. ‘be slow’]

sheysht /ʃɛˈiʃt/ n. hunter [she- + ysht- ‘hunt’]

shim /ʃim/ n. side; pre. next to

shirȇc /ˈʃirɛk/ n. insect

shoadh /ʃɔð/ n. tail

shoadhȏc /ˈʃɔðok/ n. occurence, incidence, incident, time

shoadhuo̾ac /ˈʃɔðwɔk/ n. something opportune, well-timed, auspicious [trunc. shoadhȏc ‘occurence, time’ + -uo̾ac]

shoagcuan /ʃɔnˈkwan/ v-t. learn, study

shoalch /ʃɔlχ/ v-i. fade away, vanish, dissipate, disappear; n. eclipse

shoap-ach /ʃɔˈpə͡a̯χ/ n. garden

shȏȃt /ʃo̯͡ɔt/ n. (pl. sashȏȃt /saˈʃo̯͡ɔt/) law, rule

shocȃsh /ˈʃokaʃ/ n-cl. grain

shoshtach /ʃoʃˈtaχ/ a. 1. fragile, delicate, breakable (object); 2. sensitive, easily hurt (person)

shoshtan /ʃoʃˈtan/ v-i. be soft, supple, mushy

shot1 /ʃot/ a. true, right, correct

shot2 /ʃot/ adv. when? [trunc. shoadhȏc ‘time’ + -ot]

shotȇs /ˈʃotɛs/ a. unsettling, creepy, disturbing, eerie

shouwl /ʃoˈwul/ n. leek

shwnofiedh /ʃunoˈɸjɛð/ n. habit [shwnop ‘repeat’ + -uedh]

shwnopan /ʃunoˈpan/ v-i., v-al. return, go back, come back; v-i. heal, recover, get better; v-v. repeat, do again

shwsh /ʃuʃ/ n. pad (on animal's foot)

shwtan /ʃuˈtan/ v-t. 1. catch, trap; 2. find, locate (something that was lost)

shwth /ʃuθ/ a. wise, smart, intelligent

shwthuedh /ʃuθˈwɛð/ n. 1. speech, address; 2. opinion, take, vote, proposal, suggestion [shwth ‘wise’ + -uedh]

siec /sjɛk/ n. nobody, no one

sielot /sjɛˈlot/ n. east [sie- + alot ‘sun’]

sielt /sjɛlt/ a. fat

sieno /ˈsjɛno/ n. (def. sienw /sjɛˈnu/) father

sifchan /siɸˈχan/ v-i., v-l. happen, occur

silnw /silˈnu/ n. 1. heart; 2. inside

sinyr /siˈnir/ d. less than half

siot /sjot/ v-i. collapse, faint

siul /sjul/ v-v. 1. might, may; 2. like; 3. prefer

soabech /ˈsɔbɛχ/ v-i. shut one's eyes; v-t. swallow, scarf down; v-ab. ignore

soaman /sɔˈman/ v-t. hear

soant /sɔnt/ v-s. expect, trust, count on

soatith /sɔˈtiθ/ n. rope

soembe /ˈso̯͡ɛmbɛ/ n. beak

soenpysh /ˈso̯͡ɛnpiʃ/ v-ab. 1. recognize, recall; 2. be used to

sogab /soˈab/ v-i. redo, do over, do again, repeat

sogch /soχ/ n. milk

soin /soˈin/ n-cl. fun, pleasure

somȃc /ˈsomak/ n. heat, warmth

somach /soˈmaχ/ a. hot

somacnofan /soˌmaknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. heat; 2. bake [somac ‘hot’ + -nof]

somfen /somˈɸɛn/ adv. soon, quickly

somonshach /somonˈʃaχ/ a. indecisive, slow, hesitant

somonshan /somonˈʃan/ v-i. be indecisive, deliberate, think over, mull over

somperchan /sompɛrˈχan/ v-s. admit

sonel /soˈnɛl/ n. ocean

sonȇs /ˈsonɛs/ n. (def. soniȇch /ˈsonjɛχ/) wood

sontimoc /sontiˈmok/ n. intestines

soptes /sopˈtɛs/ n. (def. sopt-as /sopˈtə͡a̯s/, pl. ruȏptes /ˈru͡o̯ptɛs/, def. pl. ruȏpt-as /ru͡o̯pˈtə͡a̯s/) deer

suifoan /swiˈɸɔn/ v-t. push, press

suir /swir/ n-cl. hair, fur

swlureb /suluˈrɛb/ v-i. cringe

swlwfin /suluˈɸin/ n-cl. (no sg.) panic, terror, fear, fright, rage, hysteria

swnchw̑m /ˈsunχum/ n. (def. s-choem /sə̥ˈχo̯͡ɛm/, pl. sanchw̑m /ˈsanχum/, def. pl. sachoem /saˈχo̯͡ɛm/) flower

syapoeshet /si.apo̯͡ɛˈʃɛt/ v-t. patch, fill in [syapw ‘rip’ + -oesh]

syapw /si.aˈpu/ n. crack, break, tear, rip

syb /sib/ n. (pl. t-shyb /tə̥ˈʃib/) fruit

sydh /sið/ v-t. grind, crush

sydhnȏt /ˈsiðnot/ n. pestle

sygch /siχ/ n. (def. synoch /siˈnoχ/, pl. saiogch /ˈsa͡ɪ̯.oχ/, def. pl. syogch /siˈoχ/) sound, noise; saiogch merac lots of noise, racket, din, cacophony

syloll /siˈloɬ/ n. cucumber

synan /siˈnan/ v-t. remove, take out, extract

syȏareb /siˈo̯͡arɛb/ v-i. be torn up, ripped up, mutilated

syplashach /siplaˈʃaχ/ adj. 1. slow, sluggish; 2. procastinating, delaying, lazy [syplash- ‘delay’ + -ach]

syplashan /siplaˈʃan/ v-al. delay, put off, postpone

sy-not /ˈsi͡ə̯not/ n. layer [syn ‘remove’ + -nȏt]

s-ab /sə͡a̯b/ n. (def. s-am-ch /ˈsə͡a̯mə̥χ/, pl. t-sh-ab /tə̥ˈʃə͡a̯b/, def. pl. t-sh-am-ch /tə̥ˈʃə͡a̯mə̥χ/) pearl

s-at /sə͡a̯t/ adv. never

t

tabrin /taˈbrin/ n-cl. (no sg.) confusion, frustration: iascole tabrin ‘I'm frustrated/confused’

tafent /taˈɸɛnt/ n. shrug

tȃfy /taˈɸi/ d. much, many, a lot of

tafyreb /taɸiˈrɛb/ v-i. be busy, be doing many things

taf-s /ˈtaɸə̥s/ a. light (weight); ~ plyedhw̑ high-voiced, high-pitched

taint /ta͡ɪ̯nt/ n. table

talet /taˈlɛt/ n. baby

talnofan /talnoˈɸan/ v-i. give birth

tana /ˈtana/ n. (pl. tafnana /taɸˈnana/) material, ingredient, component

taneb /taˈnɛb/ v-i. choke

tanch /tanχ/ pro. you (pl.)

tanialan /ˌtanjaˈlan/ pre. around, surrounding

tanialanȇch /ˌtanjaˈlanɛχ/ v-ab. 1. surround, go around, walk around, circle, encircle; 2. be on the outskirts of, be just outside; v-p. wind around, twisted around; v-t.1. tease, taunt; 2. tempt, rile up, arouse

tanialanofan /ˌtanjaˌlanoˈɸan/ v-t. place around something/someone, surround with

tansan /tanˈsan/ pre. far from, distant from

tansanȇch /tanˈsanɛχ/ v-ab. be far from, keep distance from, keep away from

tansanofan /tansanoˈɸan/ v-t. keep away, distance from something/someone

tansh /tanʃ/ n. top; pre. above, over

tanshw̑ /tanʃ/ n. 1. the best; 2. favorite

tany /ˈtani/ pro. we

tarw /taˈru/ pro. indefinite plural (ones, people)

tebesc̾ach /tɛˌbɛsˈχaχ/ a. quarrelsome, belligerent, hotheaded

tecuuȏn /tɛˈkwu͡o̯n/ n. spine

tefolȏan /tɛɸoˈlo̯͡an/ v-s. instruct, tell

tegchet /tɛˈχɛt/ n. ankle

telc /tɛlk/ n. (pl. noathelch /nɔˈθɛlχ/) 1. advantage, edge, benefit; 2. improvement, innovation, advancement, progress

telȇsh /ˈtɛlɛʃ/ n. (def. teli-ch /ˈtɛljə̥χ/) task, chore, job

telimet /tɛliˈmɛt/ v-i. 1. breathe; 2. inflate, swell, rise (dough), boil; v-al. blow on; v-p. breathe in

telogc /tɛˈlonk/ n. plant [bf. from irregular plural tantelogc < singular nelogc]

telsoo̾ash /tɛlˈso.ɔʃ/ n. (def. telsȏȃsh /tɛlˈso̯͡ɔʃ/) brain

telwnt /tɛˈlunt/ n-cl. (sg. teligc /tɛˈlink/) ants

ten /tɛn/ pro. they (m.)

teninȃn /tɛˈninan/ v-t. 1. knock down, knock over, fell; 2. throw off, rip off, tear off

tensh /tɛnʃ/ n. leopard

tent /tɛnt/ n-cl. blood

tentach /tɛnˈtaχ/ a. vicious, violent, bloodthirsty [tent ‘blood’ + -ach]

teny /ˈtɛni/ n. road

teuant /tɛˈwant/ n-cl. haze, opacity, cloudiness

thac /θak/ n. step, stair

thaill /θa͡ɪ̯ɬ/ (def. thaiill /θaˈjiɬ/) n. worm

thashet /θaˈʃɛt/ v-t. fool, trick, cheat, swindle

theb /θɛb/ n. oar, paddle

thel /θɛl/ n. light

thele̾ /ˈθɛlɛwɛ/ n. rays of light, spots of light

thelaipan /θɛla͡ɪ̯ˈpan/ v-i. wake up, awake

thenȇsh /ˈθɛnɛʃ/ n. comb

thib /θib/ n-cl. (sg. thiuȇgc /ˈθiwɛnk) leaf

thȏasac /ˈθo̯͡asak/ n. incursion, breach, intrusion

thoȏs /ˈθo.os/ n-cl. dull pain in head or stomach, headache, stomachache

thosh /θoʃ/ n. (pl. theuȇsh /ˈθɛwɛʃ/) child, kid

thuefon /θwɛˈɸon/ n. attention, attention to detail, dedication

thwf /θuɸ/ v-i. 1. rain; 2. fall out, fall off, drop off (hair, petal)

thwm /θɛl/ n. (pl. sathwiwm /saθuˈjum/) fox

thy /θi/ n. 1. bottom; 2. ground, floor; a. low; pre. under

thyt /θit/ n-cl. (sg. thysȇgc /ˈθisɛnk/) fish

thywscȗash /θiˈuskwaʃ/ n. stomache

th-alan /θə͡a̯ˈlan/ v-t. drink

th-alnot /ˈθə͡a̯lnot/ n. cup

th-ralwn /θə̥raˈlun/ n. Thralanian language

th-thwȇch /θə̥ˈθu.ɛχ/ v-t. burn, incinerate

toashȏat /tɔˈʃo̯͡at/ v-t. choke, strangle

tȏȃth /to̯͡ɔθ/ n. (pl. yntȏȃth /inˈto̯͡ɔθ/) stake, peg

toechan /to̯͡ɛˈχan/ v-i. croak, ribbit

toeltuedh /to̯͡ɛlˈtwɛð/ n. birth, delivery [talet + uedh]

toet /to̯͡ɛt/ n. stem, stalk

tofotin /toɸoˈtin/ n-cl. (no sg.) trauma, shock

tognȏt /ˈtonot/ n. mold, fungus

togteb /toˈtɛb/ v-i. rot, decay

toleth /toˈlɛθ/ v-t. need, require

toteb /toˈtɛb/ v-p. mold, fashion, shape (Obj: material)

totegc /toˈtɛnk/ n. orphan

tuliwl /tulˈjul/ n-cl. (sg. tuliwgc /tulˈjunk/) fleas

tuol /twol/ i., adv. how can it be?, what happened?, how is it that ...?

tw /tu/ n. here

twf’twmant /ˌtuɸtuˈmant/ n. cellar

twlb /tulb/ v-t. block, obstruct, stop up

twlwȇch /tuˈlu.ɛχ/ v-t. cling to, stick to, grip (esp. plant) [twlwl]

twlwl /tuˈlul/ n-cl. something clingy, sticky, gripping (esp. part of plant)

twman /tuˈman/ num. four

twnaran /tunaˈran/ v-t. kill, slay, murder

twnarant /tunaˈrant/ n. killing, slaying, murders

twp /tup/ n. 1. room (in building); 2. gathering area

twp’wlb /tuˈpulb/ n. wound

twpws /tuˈpus/ v-t. forget (information)

twran /tuˈran/ n. layabout

twys /tuˈis/ adv. infrequently, rarely, seldom

tynthw /tinˈθu/ n. (pl. tygcwlch /tinˈkulχ/) strand, fiber

t-arny /ˈtə͡a̯rni/ n. doubt

t-llef /tə̥ˈɬɛɸ/ pro. they (f.)

t-n-al /tə̥ˈnə͡a̯l/ v-i. be intriguing, be mysterious

t-ni /tə̥ˈni/ pro. they (n.)

t-yn /tə̥ˈin/ n. string, thread

u

uagshyash /waʃiˈaʃ/ n. (def. uagshysh-ch /waˈʃiʃə̥χ/, pl. posuagshyash /poswaʃiˈaʃ/, def. pl. posuagshysh-ch /poswaˈʃiʃə̥χ/) yak

uain /wa͡ɪ̯n/ n-cl. (sg. uaigȇgc /ˈwa͡ɪ̯.ɛnk/) grass

uaiscuȃshan /wa͡ɪ̯sku͡a̯ˈʃan/ v-t. eject, evict, throw out, get rid of (person)

uaishep /ˈwa͡ɪ̯ʃɛp/ n-cl. (sg. uaieshȇgc /wa͡ɪ̯ˈɛʃɛnk/) fat

ualpwregc /walpuˈrɛnk/ n. (no pl.) paralysis

uampach /wamˈpaχ/ a. gets things done, finishes things [uamp- ‘finish’ + -ach]

uampan /wamˈpan/ v-t. 1. finish, conclude; 2. fill; ~ netf-ch completely finish, finish every last thing

uan /wan/ v-i. go, walk (S: animal)

uashelwren /waʃɛluˈrɛn/ v-t., v-s. 1. deny, dismiss; 2. prevent, thwart, frustrate

ua-mȃc /ˈwa͡ə̯mak/ v-p. adapt to, adjust to

uei /ˈwɛ.i/ n. (def. uy-ch /wi͡ə̯χ/, pl. rwi /ˈru.i/, def. pl. rw-ch /ˈru.ə̥χ/) nut

ueno̾ach /ˈwɛnɔχ/ adv. yesterday

ueniȇc /ˈwɛnjɛk/ n. beer

uoapȃp /ˈwɔpap/ n-cl. (no sg.) meeting, gathering, assembly

uogcmy /ˈwonkmi/ n. (def. uogcm-ch /ˈwonkmə̥χ/) plate, dish

uoshuesh /woˈʃwɛʃ/ n. (def. uoshuuȏch /woˈʃwu͡o̯χ/) skull

uolop /woˈlop/ n. castle, fortress

uwgcauansh /wunkaˈwanʃ/ n. pants

uwmonȇsh /wuˈmonɛʃ/ n. (def. uwmoni-ch /wuˈmonjə̥χ/) knee

uws-achuogc /wuˈsə͡a̯χwonk/ n. liver

uwn /wun/ adv. always

uylt /wilt/ n-cl. battlements

w

w /u/ n. there

wdh /uð/ c. when

wdhcwl /uðˈkul/ n. twilight

wlb /ulb/ v-i. hurt

wlil /uˈlil/ n. (def. wlielc /ulˈjɛlk/) mine

wlor /uˈlor/ adv. enjoy

wmaset /umaˈsɛt/ v-i. be terrified

wnan /uˈnan/ v-i. die

wnant /uˈnant/ n. death

wnantach /unanˈtaχ/ a. 1. sickly; 2. moribund, on one's deathbed

wponechȏgc /upoˈnɛχonk/ n. health

wpwnch /uˈpunχ/ n-cl. sand

wrmȇsh /ˈurmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. wrmȇgc /ˈurmɛnk/) ember

wsepioagc /usɛˈpjɔnk/ n. suffix

wshȏashan /uʃo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-s. request, ask (that someone do something)

wshwr /uˈʃur/ n. song

wshwrȏs /uˈʃuros/ n. music [wshwr ‘song’ + -ȏs]

wthuan /uˈθwan/ v-i. why?

wthuedh /uˈθwɛð/ n. reason, cause, source, origin [wthu- ‘why?’ + -uedh] ‘why’]

y

y /i/ pro. I

yaplap /i.aˈplap/ v-i. dance

yb /ib/ n-cl. (def. cl. yȃb /ˈi.ab/ or -ab /ə͡a̯b/, sg. ygc /ink/, def. sg. ygcecna /inˈkɛkna/) options, choices, possibilities

ycreb /iˈkrɛb/ adv. again, still

ycreȏt /iˈkrɛ.ot/ adv. how much longer?, how many more times?

yf /iɸ/ n. (def. yȃf /ˈi.aɸ/ or -af /ə͡a̯ɸ/) gift, present

ylwniab /ilunˈjab/ n. (def. yciogch /iˈkjoχ/, pl. iwliuib /juljuˈib/, def. pl. iwlio-ch /julˈjo.ə̥χ/) apple

ylwiȃch /iˈlujaχ/ a. deaf

ylwt /iˈlut/ v-t. inspect, measure, check, scrutinize

ymȏatet /imo̯͡aˈtɛt/ v-i. ferment

ymwn /iˈmun/ n. forgetfulness, absentmindedness, senility

yn /in/ n. (def. i-an /jə͡a̯n/, pl. sain /sa͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. saiyn /saˈjin/) hawk

ynecan /inɛˈkan/ v-t. bite, bite into

ynoet /iˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. comfort, contentment, relaxation, calmness

ynoetach /iˈno̯͡ɛtaχ/ a. laid-back, content, relaxed, calm [ynoet ‘contentment’ + -ach]

ypl-p /ˈiplə̥p/ n-cl. (def. cl. yplof-ch /iˈploɸə̥χ/, sg. scaipl-p /ˈska͡ɪ̯plə̥p/, def. sg. scieflof-ch /skjɛ̯ɸˈloɸə̥χ/) salt

yry /ˈiri/ adv. contrary to expectations, unexpectedly, actually, end up, turn out

ysc /isk/ n. (pl. noaysc /nɔˈisk/) boat, ship

ysha-t /iˈʃa͡ə̯t/ a. quiet

yshtan /iʃˈtan/ v-i. hunt

ysyȇt /iˈsi.ɛt/ n. replacement

ytyȇt /iˈti.ɛt/ n. successor