Melfem-English Dictionary

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Introduction

This is a dictionary of Melfem, a constructed language. Words are alphabetized as in English, except that - (representing the sound /ə̥/ or /ə/ in diphthongs) is also considered a letter, and it comes at the end of the alphabet after y. is ignored for purposes of alphabetization.

Each word, including irregular forms, has its pronunciation indicated using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

A number of idiomatic phrases and collocations are listed. For consistency, combinations of verb and nouns are always listed with the verb; those of several nouns are listed with the first word in the phrase. In these entries, a tilde (~) stands for the head word.

Grammatical specifications

Parts of speech are indicated in italics for each Melfem entry. The following abbreviations are used:

a adjective
adv adverb
c conjunction
d determiner
i interjection
n noun
num number
pre prepositional
pro pronoun
v verb

Verbs are further specified for what complement they take. The abbreviations listed below are used to indicate complement type (or lack thereof), and are placed in each verbal entry following the part of speech marker (v-).

ab ablative
al allative
i intransitive
l locative
p perlative
s sentential
t transitive
v verbal

When a word has certain irregular forms, they are noted:

def definite
cl collective
pl plural
sg singulative
Etymologies

Etymologies for some words are given in square brackets at the end of an entry. The following abbreviations are used:

obs obsolete
old older form
trunc truncation

a

abia /ˈabja/ n. frog

abwȇch /aˈbu.ɛχ/ v-t. start (Obj: fire)

acegc /aˈkɛnk/ d. (pl. tagcegc /tanˈkɛnk/) each (of)

achach /aˈχaχ/ a. drunk

adh /að/ n. neck

adhȃdh /ˈaðað/ v-t. 1. join together, put together, combine, attach; 2. share

afnosaian /aɸnosa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. heal, cure; 2. fix, repair; 3. clarify, correct [afnos- ‘get up’ + -ai]

afnoseb /aɸnoˈsɛb/ v-i. stand up, get up, rise, arise

afnot /aɸˈnot/ d. (pl. tafnot /taɸˈnot/) most

agcfodh /anˈkɸoð/ a. golden, gold [an- + cfodh ‘gold’]

aibes /ˈa͡ɪ̯bɛs/ n. food

ȃichant /a͡ɪ̯ˈχant/ n. walking, going

ailofin /a͡ɪ̯loˈɸin/ n-cl. (no sg.) nervous breakdown, mental collapse

airescoȇch /a͡ɪ̯rɛˈsko.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. stir, mix; 2. make a mess of

allit /aˈɬit/ n. 1. lump, ball, block; 2. joint

alot /aˈlot/ n. sun

an-asc /aˈnə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. tant-asc /tanˈtə͡a̯sk/) surprise

anfadha /anˈɸaða/ a. silver, silvery [an- + fadha ‘silver’]

anp-shin /anpə̥ˈʃin/ a. 1. mucillagenous; 2. slippery [an- + p-shin ‘mucus’]

aplwr /aˈplur/ n. clan

apȏȃt /aˈpo̯͡ɔt/ a. released, loose, at large, escaped

ar /ar/ c. and [conjoins subjects, or objects of a negative verb]

aryn /aˈrin/ n-cl. filth

as /as/ v-i. go, walk

ascoalc /aˈskɔlk/ n. (pl. noasc̾oalch /nɔˈsχɔlχ/) crow, raven

aseb /aˈsɛb/ v-s. imagine

asnachwn /asnaˈχun/ a. serious, real, actual, legitimate

asnofan /asnoˈɸan/ v-i. travel, migrate [as ‘go’ + -nof]

asuedh /aˈswɛð/ n. procession, march [as ‘go’ + -uedh]

asyreb /asiˈrɛb/ v-t. 1. punish, take vengeance on; 2. repay, pay back, recompense, compensate

atiw̑ /aˈti.u/ n. oak tree

b

bachpwr /baχˈpur/ n. spoon, scoop

bascoach /baˈskɔχ/ n. cannibal

basinin /basiˈnin/ n-cl. (def. cl. basinigc /basiˈnink/, sg. basinȇgc /baˈsinɛnk/, def. sg. basicna /baˈsikna/) taxes, fines, tribute

bedh /bɛð/ n. (def. bwdh /buð/, pl. boedh /bo̯͡ɛð/, def. pl. bewdh /bɛˈuð/) scorpion

besȏar /bɛˈso̯͡ar/ n. mushroom

besoentan /bɛso̯͡ɛnˈtan/ v-ab. geld, castrate

boalb /bɔlb/ n. flour

boasan /bɔˈsan/ n. be present, be here, be there

bȏash /bo̯͡aʃ/ a. stupid, dumb

c

cadh /kað/ a. 1. thin, slim; 2. shallow

caibent /ˈka͡ɪ̯bɛnt/ n. reign

caip /ka͡ɪ̯p/ n. not much, trifle, something trivial, unimportant

caleb /kaˈlɛb/ v-t. speak, know (language)

calechan /kalɛˈχan/ v-t. cook, prepare (food)

calmwdhan /kalmuˈðan/ v-i. be lonely; v-ab. miss, long for

calno /ˈkalno/ a. 1. black; 2. burnt

canian /kaˈnjan/ v-ab. obey

capefen /kapɛˈɸɛn/ v-i. fail

carmȇr /ˈkarmɛr/ n. wall

carmys /karˈmis/ n. city

carpesh /karˈpɛʃ/ n. horse (def. carpa-sh /karˈpa͡ə̯ʃ/)

catedh /kaˈtɛð/ n. emptiness

catet /kaˈtɛt/ a. empty

cays /kaˈis/ adv. often, frequently

ceb-ran /kɛbə̥ˈran/ v-i. answer, reply, respond

cegcwyȇch /kɛnkuˈi.ɛχ/ v-t. insult

celich /kɛˈliχ/ n. soup

cell /kɛɬ/ v-t. uproot, dig up, pull out (plant, tree)

celleb /kɛˈɬɛb/ v-i. be born

celw /kɛˈlu/ n. style, design, pattern

cemaint /kɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 256

cemfot /kɛmˈɸot/ adv. recklessly, carelessly, haphazardly

cen /kɛn/ pro. he

cenecuo̾ac /kɛˈnɛkwɔk/ a. 1. clean; 2. smooth; 3. reliable, predictable, dependable, conscientious, earnest, honest, good

cepȏsh /ˈkɛpoʃ/ n-cl. coral

cescuan /kɛˈskwan/ v-i. toil

cfay /ˈkɸa.i/ n. back (of body)

cfa-nwn /ˈkɸa͡ə̯nun/ a. holy, sacred

cfodh /kɸoð/ n. gold

cfon /kɸon/ n. (pl. acaint /aˈka͡ɪ̯nt/) rock, stone

ch /χ/ pro. you (sg.)

chalchi /ˈχalχi/ n. (pl. chali-ch /ˈχaljə̥χ/) chief, warlord

challen /χaˈɬɛn/ v-t. steal

challenw̑s /χaˈɬɛnus/ n. (pl. chwllnws /χuɬˈnus/) thief

chebȃn /ˈχɛban/ v-i. fall

chemant /χɛˈmant/ n. 1. standing, quality, character, position; 2. skill, talent; 3. use, function, role

chemuȏch /χɛˈmu͡o̯χ/ v-t. drink (alcohol)

chesan /χɛˈsan/ v-i. stand; v-s. be a certain way, be such that

choa /χɔ/ n. (def. choal /χɔl/) place, area, space, spot [trunc. cholo̾al]

choagc /χɔnk/ n. bear

choaluin /χɔlˈwin/ n-cl. (no sg.) siege

choanoat /χɔˈnɔt/ n. grave

choanofan /χɔnoˈɸan/ v-l. be located at

choef /χo̯͡ɛɸ/ num. zero

choel-sh /ˈχo̯͡ɛlə̥ʃ/ a. old

chui /χwi/ d. other, else: noayst chui ‘something else’

chuoch /χwoχ/ n. (pl. sachuoach /saˈχwɔχ/) segment, section, part (fruit, brain, heart)

chwgcan /χunˈkan/ v-t. do something quickly, rapidly, hurry with; v-i. be startled, surprised

chwgcnofan /χunknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. hurry, rush (Obj: person); 2. shove, push; 3. startle, surprise [chwgc- ‘hurry’ + -nof]

ch-lelot /χə̥lɛˈlot/ adv. a little, a bit, somewhat

cint-at /kinˈtə͡a̯t/ v-t. be gentle to

cithuȏs /kiˈθu͡o̯s/ n. glove, mitten [cithw ‘hand’ + -ȏs]

cithw /kiˈθu/ n. 1. hand; 2. handful; 3. grip, hold

clinac /kliˈnak/ v-i. fly

clob /klob/ a. 1. heavy; 2. extravagant, luxurious; ~ plyedhw̑ deep-voiced, low-pitched

clof /kloɸ/ n. deceit, deception

clofan /kloˈɸan/ v-t. deceive, delude, fool, mislead

closhwb /kloˈʃub/ v-t. 1. put out of reach; 2. block off

clwlio’rȏan /kluljoˈro̯͡an/ n. moth [clwliur ‘butterfly + rȏan ‘at night’]

clwliur /klulˈjur/ n. butterfly

cl-at /klə͡a̯t/ v-t. engrave

coachan /kɔˈχan/ v-t. eat

coala /ˈkɔla/ n. 1. door; 2. lid, cover

cȏantuash /ˈko̯͡antwaʃ/ n. gate

cȏarmȏar /ˈko̯͡armo̯͡ar/ n. purr, purring

cobeb /koˈbɛb/ v-al. complain about

codhe̾ /ˈkoðɛwɛ/ n-cl. wood grain

coember /ˈko̯͡ɛmbɛr/ n. egg

coetwn /ˈko̯͡ɛtun/ n. beautiful, pretty, handsome, good-looking

collaian /koɬa͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. judge between, mediate between, make peace between, reconcile [coll- ‘reconcile’ + -ai]

collan /koˈɬan/ v-t. reconcile with, make peace with, come to an agreement with

collnofan /koɬnoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. placate, appease, pacify; 2. reassure, relax, calm, assure, comfort, console [coll- ‘make peace’ + -noɸ]

conoc /koˈnok/ n. year

copot /koˈpot/ n. seriousness

cosh /koʃ/ n-cl. whiskers (of animal)

cuȃthan /ku͡a̯ˈθan/ v-i. play

cueletan /kwɛlɛˈtan/ v-t. feel, sense, taste

cueluedh /kwɛlˈwɛð/ v-t. feeling, emotion, sensation, taste, flavor [trunc. cuelet- ‘feel, sense, taste’ + -uedh]

cuoap /kwɔp/ n. (pl. posuoap /poˈswɔp/) candle

cuoplwn /kwoˈplun/ v. succeed, work, function

cwf /kuɸ/ n. nose, snout

cwlcȏap /kulˈko̯͡ap/ n. 1. post, column, baluster, beam; 2. frame

cwlinsh /kuˈlinʃ/ a. 1. sour; 2. reluctant, begrudging

cwuamp /kuˈwamp/ n-cl. shoe

cylab /kiˈlab/ n. well

cynt /kint/ v-t. feed

c-ab /kə͡a̯b/ n. oil

c-lac /kə̥ˈlak/ n. pond

c-lcob /kə̥lˈkob/ n-cl. (sg. c-lcogc /kə̥lˈkonk/) rabbit

c-t’afash /kə̥taˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. on the skin

d

dham /ðam/ a. low, low-lying (land)

dhascan /ðaˈskan/ v-ab, v-s. forget, miss, overlook, neglect (to do something)

dhe /ðɛ/ c. and [conjoins verb phrases, or direct objects of an affirmative verb]

dhegc /ðɛnk/ n. radish

dher /ðɛr/ v-t. thresh

dhesh /ðɛʃ/ n. house

dheshtarin /ðɛʃtaˈrin/ n-cl. (no sg.) embarrassment, humiliation, mortification

dhesht-r /ˈðɛʃtə̥r/ v-t., v-s. think about, ponder; n. thought, pondering

dhesht-r’ioan /ðɛʃtə̥rˈjɔn/ n. dream [dhesht-r ‘thought’ + ioan ‘sleep’]

dhim /ðim/ n-cl. ashes

dhoab’afash /ðɔbaˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. lofty, high up

dhoabab /ðɔˈbab/ n. cloud

dhoabeb /ðɔˈbɛb/ v-t. 1. stack, pile up; 2. put together, assemble

dhoabebwr /ðɔbɛˈbur/ n. mortar [dhoabeb ‘stack’ + -wr]

dhoabȏs /ˈðɔbos/ n. fog [trunc. dhoababȏs < dhoabab ‘cloud’ + -ȏs]

dhoacwȇch /ðɔˈku.ɛχ/ v-i. shoot up, grow up quickly (esp. plants)

dhoacwl /ðɔˈkul/ n. window

dhoan /ðɔn/ v-al. put

dhodh /ðoð/ n. moon

dhoeluet /ðo̯͡ɛlˈwɛt/ v-t. be named, be called

dhoelw̑ /ˈðo̯͡ɛlu/ n. name, word, what something is called

dhonȏaman /ðono̯͡aˈman/ v-i. be hungry

dhwnoeglech /ðuˈno̯͡ɛlɛχ/ v-s. struggle to/with

dhwmintian /ðumintiˈan/ v-t. sacrifice

e

ebas /ɛˈbas/ n. friend

ebasȇt /ɛˈbasɛt/ n. 1. friend of a friend; 2. mutual friend [ebas ‘friend’ + -ȇt]

ebeien /ɛbɛˈjɛn/ v-t. 1. protect; 2. guard, watch

echuent /ɛˈχwɛnt/ a. 1. tight, stuck; 2. difficult, hard

eclair /ɛkˈla͡ɪ̯r/ n. bridge

ecnanan /ɛknaˈnan/ v-t. tempt

ecȏȃgc /ɛˈko̯͡ɔnk/ n. crown

ecȏatic /ɛˈko̯͡atik/ n. crazy person, insane person, nut

ecȗash /ˈɛkwaʃ/ n. (pl. sacȗash /ˈsakwaʃ/) man

ecyr /ɛˈkir/ n. flute

edhan /ɛˈðan/ v-al. make, build, create; v-ab. use, utilize

efan /ɛˈɸan/ v-t. arrest, detain

efloenan /ɛɸlo̯͡ɛˈnan/ v-i. sneer

eflopan /ɛɸloˈpan/ v-t. praise, flatter

efwlan /ɛɸuˈlan/ v-i. rejoice, celebrate

egc /ɛnk/ num. one

egcȏan /ɛnˈko̯͡an/ v-t. react, respond to

elisti /ɛˈlisti/ n. witch (pl. sa-listi /sa͡ə̯ˈlisti/)

elistiȇt /ɛˈlistjɛt/ n. bewitched person (pl. sa-listiȇt /sa͡ə̯ˈlistjɛt/) [elisti ‘witch’ + -ȇt]

ellais /ɛˈɬa͡ɪ̯s/ v-t. apportion, give out, divide up

eller /ɛˈɬɛr/ a. new, different, other

ellereb /ɛɬɛˈrɛb/ v-i. be lost

ellit /ɛˈɬit/ n. chain

elmȏt /ˈɛlmot/ n. wrath, fury, rage

elwchan /ɛluˈχan/ v-t. change into, turn into transform into, become

emelb /ɛˈmɛlb/ n. poison

emigcan /ɛminˈkan/ v-i. 1. be rough, uneven; 2. be hoarse, raspy; 3. be poorly done; 4. be sloppy, messy

enab /ɛˈnab/ v-i. 1. hiccup; 2. stutter

enchȏatogc /ɛnˈχo̯͡atonk/ n. lightning

enoet /ɛˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. (pl. wnoet) piece of clothing, clothes

epȏȃnen /ɛpo̯͡ɔˈnɛn/ v-i. 1. be short (height); 2. slouch; 3. be young

epȏantac /ɛˈpo̯͡antak/ v-i. appear, show up, come

epyscan /ɛpiˈskan/ v-t. torment, hound, harrass, oppress

ep-t /ˈɛpə̥t/ v-t. lie about, falsify, misrepresent

esc /ɛsk/ n. full moon

esc̾il /ɛsˈχil/ n. soil, dirt, earth, land

esc̾iluo̾ac /ɛsˈχilwɔk/ a. good soil, having good soil [esc̾il ‘soil’ + -uo̾ac]

escoadh /ɛˈskɔð/ v-t. prune (tree)

escueth /ɛˈskwɛθ/ n. (pl. poscuedh /poˈskwɛð/) snail

esh’calech /ɛʃkaˈlɛχ/ n. good impression

eshc-p /ˈɛʃkə̥p/ adv. maybe, possibly

eshel /ɛˈʃɛl/ n. arrow

eshigcw̑ /ɛˈʃinku/ n. war

eshigcuȇt /ɛˈʃinkwɛt/ n. prisoner of war, captive [eshigcw̑ ‘war’ + -ȇt]

eshnoachan /ɛʃnɔˈχan/ v-t. take everything, hog

eslosh /ɛsˈloʃ/ n. chest

eswtan /ɛsuˈtan/ v-i. burp

esyll /ɛˈsiɬ/ n. argument, debate, disagreement

esyreb /ɛsiˈrɛb/ v-i. be arguable, debatable, contentious, divisive [esyll ˈargument’ + -reb]

es-ch /ˈɛsə̥χ/ n. (def. esech /ɛˈsɛχ/, pl. nosc-ch /ˈnoskə̥χ/, def. pl. noascech /nɔˈskɛχ/) wolf

etfian /ɛtɸiˈan/ v-t. throw, hurl; v-s. plan, intend

ȇtoe /ɛtˈo̯͡ɛ/ n. box

etrafan /ɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. 1. sink; 2. drown; 3. retreat, withdraw, pull back, go away; 4. fade; 5. set (S: sun)

etref /ɛˈtrɛɸ/ n. 1. sinking; 2. drowning; 3. retreat, withdrawal, pullback; 4. sorrow, regret; 5. fading; 6. sunset

euoab /ɛˈwɔb/ n. 1. arm; 2. branch

f

fadha /ˈɸaða/ a. silver

fan /ɸan/ n. who?

fashagc /ɸaˈʃank/ n. mosquito

felfȏan /ɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. reside, live (in a place)

feloa /ˈɸɛlɔ/ n. (pl. llefeloa /ɬɛˈɸɛlɔ/) mouse

fen /ɸɛn/ n. bed

ferȇn /ˈɸɛrɛn/ v-i., v-t. sing

figcedh /ɸinˈkɛð/ n. burrow, tunnel [trunc. fin- + igcedh ‘cave’]

figcynt /ɸinˈkint/ v-t. feed (regularly) [fin- + cynt ‘feed’]

fin /ɸin/ n. mistake, screwup, blunder

findhesh /ɸinˈðɛʃ/ n. village [fin- + dhesh- ‘house’]

finent /ɸiˈnɛnt/ n. importance, significance, gravity, relevance

finetrafan /ɸinɛtraˈɸan/ v-i. dive, jump into water [fin- + etraf- ‘sink’]

finfelfȏan /ɸinɸɛlˈɸo̯͡an/ v-l. settle, colonize [fin- + felfȏ- ‘live’]

finmerȏan /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. instruct, direct [fin- + mero- ‘tell’]

finmeroedh /ɸinmɛˈro̯͡an/ n. instruction, direction, plan, method [fin- + meroedh ‘tell’]

finshoalch /ɸinˈʃɔlχ/ v-i. hide [fin- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

finsnirnofan /ɸinsnirnoˈɸan/ v-al. water, irrigate

foȃ /ˈɸo.a/ n-cl. wind

fȏadhen /ɸo̯͡aˈðɛn/ v-i. 1. blink; 2. twitch

fȏȃn /ɸo̯͡ɔn/ n. (def. foagc /ɸɔnk/, pl. woan /uˈɔn/, def. pl. woagc /uˈɔnk/ or uoan-ch /ˈwɔnə̥χ/) boy

foaran /ɸɔˈran/ v-s. know

fȏarnoc /ˈɸo̯͡arnok/ v-t. 1. break, crack, fracture, snap, rupture, burst; 2. ruin, disable

foayst /ɸɔˈist/ n. blanket

foch /ɸoχ/ n. happening, occurance, time, instance

focuan /ɸoˈkwan/ v-t. 1. give; 2. show, display demonstrate (Obj: quality, emotion)

focȗos /ˈɸokwos/ n. character, mien, bearing, aura, disposition [focu- ‘display’ + -ȏs]

fom /ɸom/ v-i. how?

fomuedh /ɸoˈmwɛð/ n. way [fom ‘how?’ + -uedh]; ~ nuȏt-c grammar

font /ɸont/ n. (def. fȏant /ˈɸo̯͡ant/, pl. llefont /ɬɛˈɸont/, def. pl. llefȏant /ɬɛˈɸo̯͡ant/) spear

foth /ɸoθ/ n. (def. foth-ch /ˈɸoθə̥χ) work, labor, toil

fwafesan /ɸuˌaɸɛˈsan/ v-i. laugh

fwrwshin /ɸuruˈʃin/ n-cl. (no sg.) 1. dread, trepidation, terror, anxiety; 2. trembling, shaking, tremors, shivering, shuddering

fwt /ɸut/ n. trellis

fyf /ɸiɸ/ a. simple, uncomplicated

i

iachel /jaˈχɛl/ n. (def. iach-al /jaˈχə͡a̯l/, pl. tafiachel /taɸjaˈχɛl/, def. pl. tafiach-al /taɸjaˈχə͡a̯l/) 1. land; 2. (pl.) world]

iafie /ˈjaɸjɛ/ n. treasure

iagch /jaχ/ n. food storage structure

iapte /ˈjaptɛ/ n. (def. iapt-ch /ˈjaptə̥χ/, pl. tagnapte /taˈnaptɛ/, def. tagnapt-ch /taˈnaptə̥χ/) mountain

iapte̾ /ˈjaptɛwɛ/ n-cl. foothills

iasaiasȇsh /jasa͡ɪ̯ˈasɛʃ/ n. thunder

iascolen /jaskoˈlɛn/ v-p. feel, experience, express, portray; ~ cfon be stubborn

iblif /ibˈliɸ/ n. cane, staff

icasat /ikaˈsat/ v-ab. 1. flee, escape; 2. spill, drip, leak, overflow

iceshan /ikɛˈʃan/ v-p. suffer

iceshmy /iˈkɛʃmi/ n. indigestion, stomache

ichlich /iχˈliχ/ a. dark, murky [old. chlich]

icnuȃ /ikˈnu͡a̯/ n. beard

icnuȃe̾ /ikˈnu͡a̯wɛ/ n-cl. stubble

icnyn /ikˈnin/ n. (def. icny-ch /ikˈni.ə̥χ/) pickaxe

icȏall /iˈko̯͡aɬ/ n. chicken

icoeno̾at /iˈko̯͡ɛnɔt/ n. starfish

idhe /ˈiðɛ/ n. king

idhȏt /ˈiðot/ a. warm

ielȇsai /jɛlɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. impossible, implausible

ierachan /jɛraˈχan/ v-i. mash, blend

ieswcht /jɛˈsuχt/ a. wonderful, marvelous

ieth /jɛθ/ num. three

iethwshan /jɛθuˈʃan/ v-al. lie in wait for, stalk

ifalan /iɸaˈlan/ v-t. stop, cease (Obj: activity) v-p. use up, finish, exhaust

ifniesh /iɸniˈɛʃ/ n. (pl. tafniesh /taɸniˈɛʃ/) question

igcedh /inˈkɛð/ n. (pl. wgcedh /unˈkɛð/) cave

igcescuan /inkɛˈskwan/ v-t. plow, work soil [in- + cescuan ‘toil’]

igcoala /inˈkɔla/ n. (pl. tegcedh /tɛnˈkɛð/) trapdoor [in- + coala ‘door’]

iiat /iˈjat/ adv. among others: lef’o cell iiat noello: ‘she's one of the ones digging up onions’

ilch /ilχ/ v-t. expel, push out

illish /iˈɬiʃ/ v-i. crack

illo /ˈiɬo/ n. (pl. noello /ˈno̯͡ɛɬo/) onion

ilnȏt /ˈilnot/ n. (def. ilent /iˈlɛnt/, pl. toelnot /ˈto̯͡ɛlnot/, def. pl. toȇlent /to̯͡ɛˈlɛnt/) cloth, piece of cloth, rag

ilnȏ’thy /ˌilnoˈθi/ n. (def. ilen’thy /iˌlɛnˈθi/, pl. toelnȏ’thy /ˌto̯͡ɛlnoˈθi/, def. pl. toelenˈthy /to̯͡ɛˌlɛnˈθi/) rug, carpet [ilnȏt ‘cloth’ + thy ‘floor’]

ilodh /iˈloð/ n. (pl. sȃil-adh /sa͡ɪ̯ˈlə͡a̯ð/) jewel, gem

ilofen /iloˈɸɛn/ adv. 1. try, attempt; 2. guess

ilotȃichant /iˌlota͡ɪ̯ˈχant/ n. trail, path [ilot- + ȃichant ‘walking’]

iloteshigcw̑ /iˌlotɛˈʃinku/ n. battlefield, battleground [ilot- + eshigcw̑ ‘war’]

ilotigcedh /iˌlotinˈkɛð/ n. underground [ilot- + igcedh ‘cave’]

ilotinoat /iˌlotiˈnɔt/ n. graveyard, cemetery [ilot- + inoat- ‘bury’]

ilotinwnȏȃmp /iˌlotinuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky, heavens [ilot- + nwnȏȃmp ‘sky’]

ilotȋthy /iˌlotiˈθi/ n. bottom of the sea [ilot- + thy ‘bottom’]

ilotlȏȃc /ilotˈlo̯͡ɔk/ n. forest, woods [ilot- + lȏȃc ‘tree’]

ilwm /iˈlum/ v-i. close one's eyes

ilycant /iliˈkant/ v-al. start, begin

impaltan /impalˈtan/ v-i. crawl [in- + paltan ‘walk’]

indhwf /inˈðuɸ/ v-p. flood [in- + thwf ‘rain’]

inetfian /inɛtɸiˈan/ v-t. throw to the ground [in- + etfian ‘throw’]

inlwnan /inluˈnan/ v-t. slither

inoatan /inɔˈtan/ v-t. bury

inoraian /inora͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-i. lie down [in- + oraian ‘be tall’]

inoscan /inoˈskan/ v-t. smear, spread, wipe [in- + oscan ‘spread, disperse’]

inshoalch /inˈʃɔlχ/ v-al. be absorbed into [in- + shoalch ‘vanish’]

inswpan /insuˈpan/ v-i. create shade, cast a shadow [in- + iswp ‘shadow’]

intel-t /inˈtɛlə̥t/ (pl. rwntel-t /runˈtɛlə̥t/) n. valley

intethȗon /inˈtɛθwon/ v-i. run

intwcha /inˈtuχa/ n-cl. (sg. intwgc /inˈtunk/) rat

intypan /intiˈpan/ v-t. push into the ground

iny /ˈini/ n. strength, force, power

inynint /iniˈnint/ n. (pl. tenynint /tɛniˈnint/) confusion, befuddlement, disorder, disarray

ioan /jɔn/ n. sleep: cen siab ioan ‘he's sleeping’

ioaych /jɔˈiχ/ n. (pl. wiach /uˈjaχ/) broth

ioȇf /ˈjo.ɛɸ/ v-al. dissemble, pretend to be, put on airs, bluff

iofsw̑ /ˈjoɸ.su/ n. disguise

iomȏat /joˈmo̯͡at/ adv. while awake in between periods of sleep at night

iplas /iˈplas/ n. fever

iplw /iˈplu/ n. imitation, copy

ipwp-l /iˈpupə̥l/ n. story, legend, myth

iptetot /iptɛˈtot/ n. (pl. toeftetot /to̯͡ɛɸtɛˈtot/) which part?, which side?

irich /iˈriχ/ (or irichan /iriˈχan/) v-t. be cruel to

irierachan /irˌjɛraˈχan/ v-t. blend

irȏȃp /iˈro̯͡ɔp/ v-t. get, hit, catch, kill

iscȃsh /ˈiskaʃ/ (or isc̾ȃsh /ˈisχaʃ/) n. older brother

iscȏȃmp /iˈsko̯͡ɔmp/ n. 1. great urgency, desperation; 2. utmost, maximal, sheer, all-out, ultimate, greatest

isc̾yȃch /isˈχi.aχ/ a. friendly, affable, warm, congenial, chummy, pleasant, nice

ismynt /isˈmint/ a. hideous, repulsive, revolting, disgusting, horrible, horrifying, horrific

ismyntȃch /isˈmintaχ/ a. unfriendly, cold, antagonistic, antisocial, inhospitable, misanthropic

ismynteb /isminˈtɛb/ v-t. horrify, repulse, disgust

isna /ˈisna/ n. (pl. uesna /ˈwɛsna/, def. pl. wsnac /usˈnak/) ear

isnir /isˈnir/ n. (pl. t-shnir /tə̥ˈʃnir/) river

isniran /isniˈran/ v-i. 1. flow, pour; 2. slip, slide

isnirauȋsh /isniˈrawiʃ/ n. (pl. t-shnirauȋsh /tə̥ʃniˈrawiʃ/) 1. constriction, narrowing; 2. funnel [isnir- ‘flow’ + -auȋsh]

isnirnofan /isnirnoˈɸan/ v-t. pour [isnir- ‘flow’ + -nof]

isnoch /isˈnoχ/ n. (pl. t-shnoch /tə̥ˈʃnoχ/) 1. guest, visitor; 2. something present only temporarily, fleeting, transient

isnyn /isˈnin/ v-i. 1. be sleepy, drowsy; 2. rock, sway

isnynȏt /isˈninot/ n. (pl. t-shnynȏt /tə̥ˈʃninot/) wave [isnyn + -nȏt ‘rock, sway’]

ispafan /ispaˈɸan/ v-i. cross, ford

ispotȃp /isˈpotap/ n. (pl. tespotȃp /tesˈpotap/) recipe

ispwn /isˈpun/ d. only, sole, alone

iswp /iˈsup/ n. shadow

itco /ˈitko/ a. brown, gray

itegcwlch /itɛnˈkulχ/ n-cl. (sg. itegthw /iˌtɛˈθu/) hail: itegcwlch thwfia ‘it's hailing’

ith /iθ/ n. hook, clasp, handle, knob

ithioac /iθˈjɔk/ n. (pl. wthioac /uθˈjɔk/) forest, woods

ithon /iˈθon/ v-i. smolder, glow, burn

itȏan /iˈto̯͡an/ v-t. 1. betray, double-cross (politically), renege; 2. surprise, be unexpected

itoeshuash /iˈto̯͡ɛʃwaʃ/ n. bark, barking

itreby̑s /itˈrɛbis/ v-t. wash, clean

iwno̾ap /ˈjunɔp/ n. festival, holiday

iwteb /juˈtɛb/ v-i. defend oneself, resist, fight back

l

laleb /laˈlɛb/ v-i. live, be alive; v-ab. survive

lalpoa /ˈlalpɔ/ n. life

lamai /ˈlama͡ɪ̯/ n. (pl. noaloamai /nɔˈlɔma͡ɪ̯) ghost

ledh’cemaint /ˌlɛðkɛˈma͡ɪ̯nt/ num. 128

lef /lɛɸ/ pro. she

leiem /lɛˈjɛm/ n. crop

lelchlich /lɛlχˈliχ/ a. irritable, surly, disgruntled, grumpy, grumbling [lel- + old. chlich ‘dark’]

lelfȏarnoc /lɛlˈɸo̯͡arnok/ a., n. 1. broken, cracked, fractured, snapped, ruptured, burst; 2. ruined, disabled; 3. dilapidated, worn, run-down, decrepit, derelict; 4. no good, useless, worthless [lel- + fȏarnoc ‘break, ruin’]

lelplyedhw̑ /lɛlpliˈɛðu/ a. talkative, garrulous, loquacious [lel- + plyedhw̑ ‘mouth’]

lelsuir /lɛlˈswir/ a. hairy [lel- + suiȓ ‘hair’]

lelsyb /lɛlˈsib/ a. 1. laden with fruit; 2. weighed down, burdened; 3. fertile, fruitful, productive [lel- + syb ‘fruit’]

leltogt /lɛlˈtot/ a. rotten, decayed [lel- + togt- ‘rot’]

lemp /lɛmp/ n. anger

lentȃth /ˈlɛntaθ/ n. 1. range, reach, extent, territory, view, field of vision; 2. plan, prospects, outcome

lȇsai /lɛˈsa͡ɪ̯/ a. possible, plausible

let /lɛt/ d. half

letich /lɛˈtiχ/ n. middle; pre. between

limansw̑ /liˈmansu/ n. knife

limes /liˈmɛs/ a. short (length)

limesan /limɛˈsan/ v-s. manage to, bring oneself to, set someone to, get someone to

limesȇch /liˈmɛsɛχ/ v-t. 1. shorten, cut; 2. scrunch, squeeze, pucker, tighten; 3. dilute, water down, adulterate, weaken

liuegc /liˈwɛnk/ n-cl. seaweed

llais /ɬa͡ɪ̯s/ n. smoke

llaisan /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsan/ v-i. 1. cough; 2. smoke [emit smoke due to burning, not recreational smoking]

llaisauȋsh /ɬa͡ɪ̯ˈsawiʃ/ n. chimney [llais ‘smoke’ + -auȋsh]

llantwmysc /ˌɬantuˈmisk/ n. journey, trip

llan-sh /ˈɬanə̥ʃ/ n. flock, herd

llefoȇr /ɬɛˈɸo.ɛr/ n-cl. damage

llefoerauȋsh /ɬɛɸo̯͡ɛˈrawiʃ/ n. patch, fix, repair [llefoȇr ‘damage’ + -auȋsh]

llenȏatuash /ɬɛˈno̯͡atwaʃ/ n-cl. panic, pandemonium, chaos, tumult

llif /ɬiɸ/ d. (pl. t-llif /tə̥ˈɬiɸ/) all

llin /ɬin/ a. good

lloash /ɬɔʃ/ n. love

lloashan /ɬɔˈʃan/ v-t. love

lloashe /ˈɬɔʃɛ/ c. (pl. t-lloashe /tə̥ˈɬɔʃɛ/) but, however, though

lloenpwresh /ɬo̯͡ɛnpuˈrɛʃ/ n.: thy ~ troubling, disturbing

lloll /ɬoɬ/ n. tongue

lloreb /ɬoˈrɛb/ v-al. 1. lick; 2. sip [lloll ‘tongue’ + -reb]

llosa /ˈɬosa/ a. white

lloscan /ɬoˈskan/ v-i. roll

llunasi /ɬuˈnasi/ n. (pl. sallnasi /saɬˈnasi/) sea

llwrnen /ɬurˈnɛn/ v-ab. 1. put down; 2. give up, renounce; v-all. spare, leave be

llwsman /ɬusˈman/ v-t., v-s. suggest, recommend, propose

llwsmoth /ɬusˈmoθ/ n. suggestion, recommendation, proposal, idea

llyb /ɬib/ n-cl. (sg. llwȇgc /ˈɬu.ɛnk/) weeds

llynȏaran /ɬino̯͡aˈran/ v-i. swim

llynȏarnot /ɬiˈno̯͡arnot/ n. fin [llynȏar- ‘swim’ + -nȏt]

llyntan /ɬinˈtan/ v-i. vomit

lȏȃc /lo̯͡ɔk/ n. (pl. ilȏȃc /iˈlo̯͡ɔk/) tree

loal /lɔl/ n. (def. loal-ch /ˈlɔlə̥χ/) guard

lochua /ˈloχwa/ a. red

loent /lo̯͡ɛnt/ a. next

logc /lonk/ n. shield

loltan /lolˈtan/ v-t. 1. close, shut; 2. fold up, roll up; v-i. 1. stop, cut it out; 2. give up; v-p. cover, enclose

lolw /loˈlu/ n. (pl. t-shibȇt /tə̥ˈʃibɛt/) slave

lont /lont/ v-ab. refuse

lwch /luχ/ n. kindness

lwlnw̑ /ˈlulnu/ v-t. weave

lwnodh /luˈnoð/ n. 1. circle, ring; 2. dome

lwnwr /luˈnur/ n. snake

lwra /ˈlura/ pre. for

lwran /luˈran/ v-al. 1. want, desire; 2. mean

lwrot /luˈrot/ n. which? how? what? (when asking someone to clarify what they want or intend); d. whichever, however, whatever

lwshit /luˈʃit/ n. tower

lwt /lut/ num. seven

lym /lim/ n. younger brother

lyn /lin/ v-t. stop (Obj: someone); v-i. stumble, lose balance

l-asc /lə͡a̯sk/ n. (pl. wl-sh /uˈlə̥ʃ) pot

l-ascos /ˈlə͡a̯skos/ n-cl. clay [l-asc ‘pot’ + -ȏs]

m

machfȇch /‘maχɸɛχ/ v-ab. be fascinated by, be enthralled by, be obsessed with

machfwn /maχˈɸun/ n. prophet

machw /maˈχu/ n. wake, trail; pre. behind

machw’rȏan /maˈχu/ adv. last night

main /ma͡ɪ̯n/ n-cl. (def. maigȇgc /ˈma͡ɪ̯.ɛnk/, def. maigecna /ma͡ɪ̯ˈɛkna/) garlic

maran /maˈran/ v-s. say

marbielithen /marˌbjɛliˈθɛn/ v-i. chatter

maremw /marɛˈmu/ n. 1. waiting; 2. lasting, living; 3. time; ~ iny persistence, determination, courage

maremwch /marɛˈmuχ/ n. era, age

marmai /ˈmarma͡ɪ̯/ a. green

marnonan /marnoˈnan/ v-p. nag, pester, push

marmwadh /marmuˈað/ v-l. 1. wait for; 2. last, live out

maruedh /marˈwɛð/ n. word [mar- ‘say’ + -uedh]

meieren /mɛjɛˈrɛn/ v-t. caress, pet

mel /mɛl/ n. person

melceb /mɛlˈkɛb/ v-t. hit, bump into

melfȇm /ˈmɛlɸɛm/ n. Melfem language

melfentan /mɛlɸɛnˈtan/ v-i. speak Melfem

melȏashan /mɛlo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-t. touch, be touching (involuntary); v-i. make sense, be reasonable, be logical

meloet /mɛˈlo͡ɛt/ n. (pl. llemelȏet /ɬɛˈmɛlo̯͡ɛt/) brick

mema /ˈmɛma/ n-cl. (sg. memȇgc /ˈmɛmɛnk/) bubble

memetan /mɛmɛˈtan/ v-t. have (long-term)

merac /mɛˈrak/ a. 1. slow; 2. thick (consistency); 3. crowded

merareb /mɛraˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. move slowly; 2. be tired; 3. mumble, mutter, speak indistinctly [merac + -reb]

mera-p /mɛˈra͡ə̯p/ num. sixteen

merceb /mɛrˈkɛb/ v-i. 1. thicken; 2. solidify, congeal, clot [trunc. meraceb]

mercenȏt /mɛrˈkɛnot/ n. scab, clot [merceb ‘thicken' + -nȏt]

merfen /mɛrˈɸɛn/ n. swamp

merfenach /mɛrɸɛˈnaχ/ a. hard to understand, unintelligible, incoherent [merfen ’swamp’ + -ach]

merfenȏs /mɛrˈɸɛnos/ n-cl. mud [merfen ‘swamp’ + ȏs]

mermȇsh /ˈmɛrmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. mermȇgc /ˈmɛrmɛnk/) fire

merȏan /mɛˈro̯͡an/ v-t. tell

meroedh /mɛˈro̯͡ɛð/ n. telling

methit /mɛˈθit/ n. (pl. llemethȋt /ɬɛˈmɛθit/) bird

metoȇr /mɛˈto.ɛr/ n-cl. 1. power, authority; 2. mastery, proficiency

metot /mɛˈtot/ n. where?

mias /mjas/ v-i. burst out, burst up

mintan /minˈtan/ v-i. be sweet (taste)

mire /ˈmirɛ/ n. amount

miret /miˈrɛt/ v-i. increase, multiply

mȏant /mo̯͡ant/ n. grandmother

moelydh /ˈmo̯͡ɛlið/ n. mankind, humanity

mosar /moˈsar/ n-cl. (no sg.) boredom

mulwr /muˈlur/ n. (pl. samlwr /samˈlur/) chair, seat

mwllan /muˈɬan/ v-t. 1. soak, steep, let sit; 2. dissolve

mwn /mun/ n. beauty, grace, dignity

mwp /mup/ n. (pl. mwiwp /muˈjup/) invader

mwplet /muˈplɛt/ v-t. halve, cut in half, split in half

mwpoar /muˈpɔr/ v-p. invade

mwr /mur/ n. waste, squandering

mwrwsc̾ach /murusˈχaχ/ a. contemptible, reprehensible, shameful, wicked, heinous

mwsc /musk/ n. finger

mwscan /muˈskan/ v-t. tie together, tie up, bundle; v-l. 1. pick at, scratch; 2. pluck

mydhw̑ /ˈmiðu/ n. family

myriun /mirˈjun/ v-t. excite

mysti /ˈmisti/ n. cook, chef

mystio̾ac /ˈmistjɔk/ a. good cook [mysti ‘cook’ + -uo̾ac]

n

nainet /na͡ɪ̯ˈnɛt/ v-t. carve

naptyn /napˈtin/ n. (pl. noaftyn /nɔɸˈtin/) part, section, piece

nebwt /nɛˈbut/ v-i. rage, be furious

negcȏagc /nɛnˈko̯͡ank/ n. (pl. tantegcȏagc /tanˌtɛnˈko̯͡ank/) bead

nelfie /ˈnɛlɸjɛ/ n. grandfather

neloagcuo̾ac /nɛˈlɔnkwɔk/ a. edible, useful (plant) [old. nelogc ‘plant’ + -uo̾ac with assimilation of /o/ to /ɔ/]

nena /ˈnɛna/ n. head; pre. on

nentwchan /nɛntuˈχan/ v-i. 1. move (body); 2. change one's mind

nescashȗat /nɛˈskaʃwat/ n. (pl. tantescashȗat /tantɛˈskaʃwat/) pillow

neshoshuȋsh /nɛˈʃoʃwiʃ/ n. (pl. tanteshoshuȋsh /tantɛˈʃoʃwiʃ/) reversal, turnabout, about-face

netfi /ˈnɛtɸi/ n. 1. end; 2. last one; 3. limit, border

niaran /njaˈran/ n. tar, pitch, bitumen

niorȇsh /ˈnjorɛʃ/ n. shoulder

nipes /niˈpɛs/ pro. it

nirythan /niriˈθan/ v-i. converse, speak, talk

nish-ceb /niʃə̥ˈkɛb/ v-t. spy on, watch unseen (as when hunting), surveil, observe

noachw̑m /ˈnɔχum/ n-cl. (def. cl. noachiam /nɔχˈjam/ or noach-am /nɔχˈə͡a̯m/, sg. tochim /toˈχim/, def. sg. tochecna /toˈχɛkna/) seeds

nȏall /no̯͡aɬ/ n-cl. straw, thatch

noant /nɔnt/ v-al. look for, search for, seek

noapan /nɔˈpan/ v-i. cry

noapȏs /ˈnɔpos/ n-cl. tear (fluid) [noap- ‘cry’ + -ȏs]

noaptw /nɔpˈtu/ n. (pl. inȏap /iˈno̯͡ap/) 1. stick; 2. pole, bar

noaran /nɔˈran/ v-i., v-l. stay, remain

noatac /nɔˈtak/ n. ice

noati /ˈnɔti/ n. sprout, shoot

noatian /nɔtˈjan/ v-i. sprout

noayst /nɔˈist/ n. 1. thing, object; 2. something

nochysh /noˈχiʃ/ n. (pl. posc̾ysh /posˈχiʃ/) disaster, tragedy

noeltan /no̯͡ɛlˈtan/ v-al. find, find out, discover, realize

noeltedh /ˈno̯͡ɛltɛð/ n. finding, discovery, realization

noer /no̯͡ɛr/ n. (pl. tantoer /tanˈto̯͡ɛr/) horn

noethoath /ˈno̯͡ɛθɔθ/ n. 1. solitude, loneliness; 2. uniqueness, singularity

noetyscauȋsh /no̯͡ɛtiˈskawiʃ/ n. medicine [noetysc- ‘be sick’ + -auȋsh]

noetyscet /no̯͡ɛtiˈskɛt/ v-i. be sick, be ill

noetyscȇt /no̯͡ɛtˈiskɛt/ n. sick person, ill person, patient [noetysc- ‘be sick’ + -ȇt]

nom /nom/ a. yellow/light green

nomw̑ /ˈnomu/ n. mother

nonor /noˈnor/ n. railing, parapet, banister, balustrade

nonwll /noˈnuɬ/ n. gate

nop1 /nop/ v-t. touch, feel (S: human or animal; voluntary)

nop2 /nop/ n. (pl. sanop /saˈnop/) slit, slot, crevice, crack, indentation, cleft

noploellan /noplo̯͡ɛˈɬan/ v-t. learn (DO: language)

noruach /norˈwaχ/ a. 1. nervous, anxious, jumpy, restless, worried; 2. irritable, prickly; 3. upset, disturbed, bothered

noruesh /norˈwɛʃ/ c. (pl. santoruesh /santorˈwɛʃ/) or possibly, maybe

noth /noθ/ n. (pl. tantoth /tanˈtoθ/) 1. leg, foot; 2. root

nuȏt-c /ˈnu͡o̯tə̥k/ n. language

nuȏt-cuo̾ac /ˈnu͡o̯tə̥kwɔk/ n. articulate, fluent, well-spoken, eloquent speech [nuȏt-c ‘language’ + -uo̾ac]

nupwr /nuˈpur/ n. (pl. sampwr /samˈpur/) woman

nwm /num/ n. dress, gown

nwmnach /numˈnaχ/ a. 1. smiling, cheerful, jovial, bubbly; 2. smug, self-contented, snobbish [trunc. nwmwnach < nwmwn ‘smile’ + -ach]

nwmwn /nuˈmun/ v-i. smile, grin

nwnȏȃmp /nuˈno̯͡ɔmp/ n. sky

nworeb /nu.oˈrɛb/ v-t. defile, violate, desecrate, sully

nwyntuesoadh /nu.intwɛˈsɔð/ n-cl. (sg. nwyntuesoagc /nu.intwɛˈsɔnk/) howls, howling

nyac-t /niˈakə̥t/ n. skin

nyanwt /ni.aˈnut/ v-t. be inclined to, in agreement with, amenable to, interested in

nycascan /nikaˈskan/ v-s. promise, pledge, commit

nycuan /niˈkwan/ n. sound, make a sound, make a noise

nycuedh /niˈkwɛð/ n. volume, loudness [nycw̑ ‘sound’ + -uedh]

nycw̑ /ˈniku/ v-al. sound

nyfalwl /niɸaˈlul/ a. 1. intense, intensive, acute, extreme, fervent, strong, sharp; 2. consuming, laborious, exhausting

nyfan /niˈɸan/ v-t. 1. take, pick up; 2. swallow; 3. choose, select, pick, decide on; v-s. decide, choose, resolve

nypo /ˈnipo/ n. pit, hole

nypwr /niˈpur/ n. rim, edge [nypo ‘hole’ + -wr]

nysa /ˈnisa/ n. older sister

nysc /nisk/ num. six

o

oabesh /ɔˈbɛʃ/ n. sleeve

oach /ɔχ/ n. (def. achelch /aˈχɛlχ/, def. pl. tagchelch /taˈχɛlχ/) shovel

oalyp /ɔˈlip/ v-l. knock on, rap on, bang on

oant /ɔnt/ n. numbness (physical or emotional)

oanyc /ɔˈnik/ n-cl. pests, vermin

oaroȇr /ɔˈro.ɛr/ n-cl. thorn

oathoath /ɔˈθɔθ/ d. somewhere, wherever

obal /oˈbal/ n. (pl. lleual /ɬɛˈwal/) wrist

oc /ok/ d. this, that

ocelcan /oˌkɛlˈkan/ v-s. think, believe

oel /o̯͡ɛl/ d. certain, particular, specific

ofalan /oɸaˈlan/ v-l. climb

ogc /onk/ n-cl. sheep

ogcȏs /ˈonkos/ n-cl. wool [ogc ‘sheep’ + -ȏs]

olȏȃt /oˈlo̯͡ɔt/ adv. during the day

omwgcan /omunˈkan/ v-l. 1. scratch, scrape; 2. shave

onal /oˈnal/ n. (pl. noantal /nɔnˈtal/) poem

onoan /oˈnɔn/ v-t. 1. demonstrate, explain, show; 2. point to, point at

onȏan /oˈno̯͡an/ n. (pl. yntȏan /inˈto̯͡an/) bone

onof /oˈnoɸ/ adv. frighteningly, scarily

opasiet /opaˈsjɛt/ v-i. 1. keep on going, go on, continue; 2. be long-winded

opeshan /opɛˈʃan/ v-t. smack, slap, hit, strike

opiab /oˈpjab/ v-i. whine

oplair /oˈpla͡ɪ̯r/ n. 1. coat; 2. peel, skin (fruit, vegetable)

opȏagcan /opo̯͡anˈkan/ v-i. 1. deepen; 2. gape, yawn, be wide open; 3. bellow, boom; 4. echo

oponȃc /oˈponak/ a. 1. thick, wide; 2. deep

opor /oˈpor/1 a. false, wrong, incorrect

opor /oˈpor/2 n. cinnamon

oraian /ora͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-i. be tall; v-ab . survive, outlast

ory̑s /ˈoris/ n. peacock

oscan /oˈskan/ v-t. spread, disperse, scatter, disseminate, sow; v-al. visit, show up at, turn up at

oscelȏan /oskɛˈlo̯͡an/ v-t. disappoint, let down

oscestat /oskɛsˈtat/ v-t. 1. take apart, disassemble, break down; 2. prune (tree, plant)

osc̾in /osˈχin/ n-cl. (no sg.) torture

osepel /osɛˈpɛl/ n. (def. osep-al /osɛˈpə͡a̯l/) hammer

osont /oˈsont/ n. (pl. tansont /tanˈsont/) hat

ot-al /oˈtə͡a̯l/ v-t. put back, put away, return, replace

otwsagcan /otusanˈkan/ v-t. translate, interpret

p

pa /pa/ i. wow

padhian /paðˈjan/ v-t. separate

padhiwr /paðˈjur/ n. kind, type, class [padh- ‘separate’ + -wr]

pail /pa͡ɪ̯l/ n. snow

pair /pa͡ɪ̯r/ n. (def. pȃiref /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrɛɸ/) water [trunc. pairȇf]

pair’afash /pa͡ɪ̯raˈɸaʃ/ a., adv. underwater

pȃirwr /pa͡ɪ̯ˈrur/ n. moisture [pair ‘water’ + -wr]

palt /palt/ n. 1. step, pace, stride; 2. access, path, approach, passage, way in; pre. near, close to

paltan /palˈtan/ v-i. step

palteb /palˈtɛb/ v-t. 1. come close to, approach, near; 2. close in on, surround; 3. pressure, press, push

paluan /palˈwan/ v-t. 1. see, look at; 2. meet

paluauȋsh /palˈwawiʃ/ n. eyelid [palu- ‘see’ + -auȋsh]

panafiedh /panaˈɸjɛð/ n. ability, capability, capacity [panap ‘see’ + -uedh]

panap /paˈnap/ v-s. can, be able to

pasai /paˈsa͡ɪ̯/ v-t. 1. hold, hold on to, carry; 2. catch (something thrown or dropped); 3. understand; 4. converge with, meet, join to (lines, sides, pieces)

pasainot /paˈsa͡ɪ̯not/ n. point, corner [pasai ‘converge’ + -nȏt]

pasho /ˈpaʃo/ n. blue

peb /pɛb/ n. new moon

pelwsȏs /pɛˈlusos/ n. other side, reverse

pel-ansh /pɛˈlə͡a̯nʃ/ n-cl. tooth

peoant /pɛˈɔnt/ n. shame, disgrace

pesh-chan /pɛʃə̥ˈχan/ v-t. harvest, pick

pesh-chant /pɛʃə̥ˈχant/ n. harvest

pesh-chwr /pɛʃə̥ˈχur/ n-cl. scraps, mess, detritus [pesh-ch- ‘harvest’ + -wr]

pesoch /pɛˈsoχ/ n. what?

pethiw̑ /pɛˈθi.u/ n. sadness, depression, gloom

petw /pɛˈtu/ n. morning

pianan /pjaˈnan/ v-i. mature, grow up, ripen (S: plant, person)

pianȃth /ˈpjanaθ/ n. maturity, ripeness, readiness [pian- ‘mature’ + -ȃth]

pioapwn /pjɔˈpun/ n. desert

plashw̑ /ˈplaʃu/ c. so, then, therefore

plepwn /plɛˈpun/ v-t. put on a string or line or hook (beads, clothing)

pleren /plɛˈrɛn/ v-t. validate, affirm, confirm

pletuȃsh /plɛˈtu͡a̯ʃ/ n. (pl. noapletȗsh /nɔˈplɛtuʃ/) store, reserve, supply, stock, cache

pletwch /plɛˈtuχ/ v-t. 1. store, reserve, save, keep for later; 2. lock up, tie up

pliw̑n /ˈpli.un/ v-t. get, receive

ploalt /plɔlt/ n., a. unfortunate, miserable, poor thing, pitiful

ploaret /plɔˈrɛt/ v-ab. resent, feel bitter toward, feel sore at

ploas /plɔs/ n. (pl. noaplw̑s /ˈnɔplus/) bee

plorouy /ploˈrowi/ v-i. spin, rotate

plos /plos/ n. wick

plot /plot/ i. great, wonderful

pluȃ /plu͡a̯/ n. day

pluan /pluˈan/ v-t. trim, remove unwanted parts, clean up

pluȏreb /plu͡o̯ˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. mourn; 2. wail, sob [plwp ‘dirge’ + -reb]

plwchrescan /pluˈan/ v-t. say incorrectly, misinform

plwdhi /ˈpluði/ n. owl

plwp /plup/ n. dirge

plwrȃs /ˈpluras/ n. younger sister

plwth /pluθ/ n. lack, void, absence, loss

plwtuȃt /pluˈtu͡a̯t/ n. marrow

plyedhw̑ /pliˈɛðu/ n. (pl. taflyedhw̑ /taɸliˈɛðu/) 1. mouth; 2. voice

plynont /pliˈnont/ n. expanse, vast area

poam /pɔm/ part. (poan /pɔn/ before /t s ʃ/) that, who, which

pȏant-p /ˈpo̯͡antə̥p/ num. 64

pȏȃp /po̯͡ɔp/ n. (def. pwt /put/) basket

pȏatan /po̯͡aˈtan/ v-i. 1. work together, cooperate; 2. get along well

pȏȃth /po̯͡ɔθ/ n. capacity, space, room, volume

pochoech /poˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. nowadays

pochonsyw /poχonsiˈu/ a., adv. distant, far

poemp /po̯͡ɛmp/ n. mask

poeshyn /ˈpo̯͡ɛʃin/ n. forehead

poet /po̯͡ɛt/ n. dawn

poeten /po̯͡ɛˈtɛn/ v-i. shine

poloelt /poˈlo̯͡ɛlt/ n. splendor, glory, majesty

poloscan1 /poloˈskan/ v-i. sit; v-v. be diligent, persistent, do something regularly; v-s. follow, stick with, adhere to: cem polosfi t-llem finmerȏafi ‘he adhered to what she instructed’; v-l. stay with; v-ab. rest from

poloscan2 /poloˈskan/ v-t. wrap, encase, coat

ponash /poˈnaʃ/ n. wing

posop /poˈsop/ n. 1. descendant, scion; 2. heir, inheritor; 3. survivor

posw /poˈsu/ n. (pl. ipȏas /iˈpo̯͡as/) face; pre. in front of, before

poth /poθ/ n. nap: cen siab poth ‘he's taking a nap’

pouosc /poˈwosk/ n. secret

puȃsyb /ˈpu͡a̯sib/ n. (def. tanpuȃshyb /tanˈpu͡a̯ʃib/) fruit tree

puȏch /pu͡o̯χ/ a. big, large, great

puȏreb /pu͡o̯ˈrɛb/ v-i. be lined up, in a row; v-al. be shaped like, arranged as [(tan)pwth ‘line, shape’ + -reb]

pw /pu/ d. (pl. noapw̑ /ˈnɔpu/) some (of)

pwcen /puˈkɛn/ v-al. 1. list, enumerate; 2. count

pwlo /ˈpulo/ a. long, lengthy

pwloȇch /puˈlo.ɛχ/ v-t. 1. lengthen, add onto, expand; 2. stretch, stretch out, pull

pwnief /puˈnjɛɸ/ n. ceiling

pwsh /puʃ/ num. two

pwsmwsh /pusˈmuʃ/ a. far, distant

pwsnwran /pusnuˈran/ v-t. 1. analyze, evaluate, interpret; 2. debate, argue over

pwsuan /puˈswan/ v-t. hide

pwth /puθ/ n. 1. distance, span, length, width; 2. line; 3. (pl.) shape, form, structure, arrangement

pysti /ˈpisti/ n. relative

p-ach /pə͡a̯χ/ n. cold, chill

p-an /pə͡a̯n/ a. cold

p-aren /pə͡a̯ˈrɛn/ v-t. surprise

p-llac /pə̥ˈɬak/ n. radish

p-llacuo̾ac /pə̥ˈɬakwɔk/ n. beet [p-llac ‘radish’ + -uo̾ac]

p-sych /pə̥ˈsiχ/ n. number

p-shin /pə̥ˈʃin/ n. mucus

r

ragc1 /rank/ num. nine

ragc2 /rank/ n. (pl. saragc /saˈrank/) color

ragcnȏt /ˈranknot/ n. (pl. saragcnȏt /saˈranknot/) paint [ragc2 ‘color’ + -nȏt]

rain /ra͡ɪ̯n/ n. (def. raiga /ˈra͡ɪ̯.a/, pl. syrain, /siˈra͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. syraiga /siˈra͡ɪ̯.a/) smell, odor, scent

raith /ra͡ɪ̯θ/ num. eleven

ranysc /raˈnisk/ num. fourteen

raplwt /raˈpult/ num. fifteen

rap /rap/ a. small, little

raper /raˈpɛr/ a. strong [ra- + obs. aper ‘strength’]

rapwsh /raˈpuʃ/ num. ten

raret /raˈrɛt/ v-t. bring

raslish /rasˈliʃ/ n. fit, tantrum

rasry /ˈrasri/ num. thirteen

ratwman /ratuˈman/ num. twelve

rayp /raˈip/ a. nice, kind

ra-p /ra͡ə̯p/ num. eight

rebeb /rɛˈbɛb/ v-i. scream, yell, yelp

relb /rɛlb/ n-cl. water lily

remwsc /rɛˈmusk/ v-i. 1. protude, stick out, stick up; 2. be defiant, rebelious, stubborn, difficult; v-t. sting

rem-sh /ˈrɛmə̥ʃ/ n. quarrel, squabble, fight

reoa /ˈrɛ.ɔ/ n. braid

repoerȇsh /rɛˈpo̯͡ɛrɛʃ/ n. caterpillar

reso /ˈrɛ.so/ n. dough

reth /rɛθ/ n. bile, gall

rew̑ /ˈrɛ.u/ n. (def. ref /rɛɸ/) feather

rifw /riˈɸu/ n. force, coercion

rir /rir/ n. (pl. noarer /nɔˈrɛr/) bag, sack

risar /riˈsar/ n-cl. mistake, error

risaran /risaˈran/ v-i., v-s. make a mistake, error do something mistakenly; v-al. mess up

rit /rit/ n. essence, quality, air, substance, form

ro /ro/ pro. one, someone

rȏan /ro̯͡an/ adv. at night

rȏȃp /ro̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. lleroo̾ap /ɬɛˈro.ɔp/) duck

roar /rɔr/ v-t. hurt, injure, wound

rȏas /ro̯͡as/ n. hut, shack

romȏaran /romo̯͡aˈran/ v-ab. 1. leave behind, abandon; 2. forget

romuan /romˈwan/ v-t. call, summon, yell to

roshȏȃp /roˈʃo̯͡ɔp/ n. (pl. r-shuȃf-ch /rə̥ˈʃu͡a̯ɸə̥χ/) thumb

rwmȇsh /ˈrumɛʃ/ n-cl. (def. cl. rwmaisc /ruˈma͡ɪ̯sk/, sg. rwmegc /ruˈmɛnk/, def. sg. rwmesh /ruˈmɛʃ/) elaboration, explanation, details

rwmoniat /rumoˈnjat/ v-i. jump, leap; v-l. jump, leap (across)

rwmposh /rumˈpoʃ/ v-ab. lose, misplace; v-i. 1. be different, be an exception; 2. be out of place, jarring, unexpected, uncharacteristic, unlikely

rwnȏȃ /ˈruno̯͡ɔ/ n. (pl. llwnȏȃ /ˈɬuno̯͡ɔ/) furrow, ditch, trench

rwrȇsh /ˈrurɛʃ/ n. (pl. wrȇsh /ˈurɛʃ/) elbow

rwshwl /ruˈʃul/ a. strange, weird, odd

ryp /rip/ n-cl. (sg. ryfȇgc /ˈriɸɛnk/) star

ryp-l /ripə̥l/ n. clam

r-alup /rə͡a̯ˈlup/ a. away, gone

r-pon /rə̥ˈpon/ n. (pl. r-an /rə͡a̯n/) eye

r-ponofan /rə̥ponoˈɸan/ v-t. observe, watch, pay attention to [r-pon ‘eye’ + -nof]

r-sh /rə̥ʃ/ i. shh, shush, quiet

r-shȇt /ˈrə̥ʃɛt/ n. 1. someone hushed, silenced, cowed, put in their place; 2. someone shy, bashful [r-sh ‘shush’ + -ȇt]

s

sachpe /ˈsaχpɛ/ n. (pl. noasachpe /nɔˈsaχpɛ/) cliff

sainan /sa͡ɪ̯ˈnan/ v-i. open

salmoet /salˈmo̯͡ɛt/ v-t. like, enjoy

samel /saˈmɛl/ n. roof

san /san/ n. (pl. rwmar /ruˈmar/) enemy

sanpe /ˈsanpɛ/ n. (pl. esholȏsh /eˈʃoloʃ/) vegetable

sanyman /saniˈman/ v-ab, v-s. remember, reminisce about, recall

sanyman’choech /saniˌmanˈχo̯͡ɛχ/ adv. in the past, olden days, ancient times

sapta /ˈsapta/ v-t. 1. smash; 2. attack, harm

saptat /sapˈtat/ n. 1. smashing; 2. attack, harm

saptwr /sapˈtur/ n-cl. shards, broken pieces, fragments [sapta- ‘smash’ + -wr]

saptwre̾ /sapˈturɛwɛ/ n-cl. crumbs, little shards, little broken pieces, little fragments

sarmedhian /sarmɛðˈjan/ v-s. demand, order, command

sasob /saˈsob/ n. wisdom

scalch /skalχ/ n-cl. brush, scrub (plants)

scant /skant/ n. expert

scantach /skanˈtaχ/ a. 1. expert, knowledgeable, skilled [scant ‘expert’ + -ach]

scelt /skɛlt/ n. cause, reason, deservedness, justification, standpoint

sceltot /skɛlˈtot/ adv. for what reason?, why?, with what justification?

scen /skɛn/ n. claw

scenan /skɛˈnan/ v-t. 1. snatch, grab; 2. steal, usurp; 3. take up, fill (DO: area)

scenoo̾at /skɛˈno.ɔt/ n. (def. scenȏȃt /skɛˈno̯͡ɔt/, pl. sasnoo̾at /sasˈno.ɔt/, def. pl. sasnȏȃt /sasˈno̯͡ɔt/) hoof

scescȏam /skɛˈsko̯͡am/ n-cl. lice

sciedhaian /skjɛða͡ɪ̯ˈan/ v-t. 1. gather, collect, assemble; 2. put aside, reject, cast off, sideline, marginalize; 3. shun

sciedhen /skjɛˈðɛn/ v-ab. avoid, stay away from

sciefan /skjɛˈɸan/ v-t. 1. have (short term, or in a certain circumstance, or for a certain purpose): sciefe osepel lluech poam’aiedh ‘I have a hammer you can use’; 2. know, be familiar with, be acquainted with; 3. distract

sciwreb /skjuˈrɛb/ v-i. 1. act on one's own, by oneself, independently; 2. strongly, forcefully, really; 3. be alone [sciwt ‘self’ + -reb]

sciwt /skjut/ d. same, own, self

sciwtȃch /ˈskjutaχ/ a. 1. egotistical, self-centered, selfish; 2. unreliable, untrustworthy, fickle

sciwtauȋsh /skjuˈtawiʃ/ n. reflection [sciwt ‘self’ + -auȋsh]

sciwtȇt /ˈskjutɛt/ n. identical twin [sciwt ‘self’ + -ȇt]

scoait /skoˈa͡ɪ̯t/ n. (def. scoait-ch /skoˈa͡ɪ̯tə̥χ/, pl. llescoaȋt /ɬɛˈskɔ.it/, def. pl. llescoait /ɬɛskɔˈit/) hill

scoalb /skɔlb/ n. what else?, what next?; i. what else? what next?, continue, and then what?

scoan /skɔn/ n. (pl. noascoan /nɔˈskɔn/ or /ˈnɔskɔn/) pile, accumulation, stack, mass

scoanwr /skɔˈnur/ n-cl. 1. remainder, rest, leftover; 2. spillage, spillover; 3. something unimportant, nonessential, incidental, accidental, chance [scoan ‘pile’ + -wr]

scochai /skoχa͡ɪ̯/ v-i. shake, tremble

scoll /skoɬ/ n. (pl. noasc-ll /ˈnɔskə̥ɬ/) 1. example, illustration, instance; 2. member, one (of)

scolluo̾ac /ˈskoɬwɔk/ n. 1. good example, good illustration, typical instance; 2. epitome, prototype, exemplar [scoll ‘example’ + -uo̾ac]

scuian /skwiˈan/ v-ab. 1. lack, be without; 2. miss, miss out on

scwch /skuχ/ v-t. nitpick, kibitz, pester, meddle, pester

scwf /skuɸ/ adv. 1. in the traditional way, authentically; 2. properly, accurately, carefully

scwr /skur/ n-cl. tradition

scyl /skil/ n. flatness, evenness, equivalence, balance

scylȋsh /ˈskiliʃ/ n. (pl. noascyl /nɔˈskil/) gesture, motion, indication, body language

secoascȏa /sɛˈkɔsko̯͡a/ adv. enough

secoay /sɛˈkɔ.i/ n. (def. secoa-ch /sɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/, pl. t-shecoay /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.i/, def. pl. t-shecoa-ch /tə̥ʃɛˈkɔ.ə̥χ/) 1. fold, crease; 2. wrinkle

sec-ri /sɛkə̥ˈri/ num. five

sefoab /sɛˈɸɔb/ n. (pl. noasefo̾ab /nɔˈsɛɸɔb/) cat

senelp /sɛˈnɛlp/ n. Sngõlpowhetet language

semoap /sɛˈmɔp/ n. gust of wind

senbatan /sɛnbaˈtan/ v-t. 1. lift, raise, pick up; 2. help, assist, aid; ~ esc̾il dig

senoap /sɛˈnɔp/ n. toe

seseshet /sɛsɛˈʃɛt/ v-i. spit

setoetuan /sɛto̯͡ɛˈtwan/ v-i., v-al. become ready, get ready, prepare for

shagc /ʃank/ n. treachery, betrayal of trust

shagcȃch /ˈʃankaχ/ (or shagc̾ȃch /ˈʃaχaχ/) n. treacherous, backstabbing, disloyal, double-crossing

shaill /ʃa͡ɪ̯ɬ/ a. 1. loose, slack; 2. undone, untied; 3. easy

shapat /ʃaˈpat/ n. (pl. noashapwt /nɔʃaˈput/) animal

shebesh /ʃɛˈbɛʃ/ v-t. sow

shegcescw̑ /ʃɛnˈkɛsku/ n. farmer [she- + igcescu- ‘plow, work soil’ < cescuan ‘toil’]

shegshir /ʃɛˈʃir/ a. 1. backwards, upside down, reversed, inside-out; 2. ironic, twisted, contrary, perverse

shegshirach /ʃɛʃiˈraχ/ a. always doing the wrong thing, always making mistakes, always making wrong decisions, incompetent [shegshir ‘reversed' + -ach]

shel /ʃɛl/ n. dog

shelt /ʃɛlt/ v-i. feel remorseful, guilty, contrite

shepal /ʃɛˈpal/ n. (def. sh-p-al /ʃə̥ˈpə͡a̯l/, pl. poshal /poˈʃal/, def. pl. p-sh-al /pə̥ˈʃə͡a̯l/) girl

shepȏantac /ʃɛˈpo̯͡antak/ n. 1. newcomer; 2. visitor, guest [epȏantac ’appear, show up’]

sherab /ʃɛˈrab/ n. (sg. sherash /ʃɛˈraʃ/) fly

sheshan /ʃɛˈʃan/ v-t. do, perform, carry out

sheshap /ʃɛˈʃap/ n-cl. activity, business, work, bustle, labor

sheshȇt /ˈʃɛʃɛt/ n. partner, co-worker, buddy [shesh- ‘do’ + -ȇt]

sheshoagcw̑ /ʃɛˈʃɔnku/ n. student [she- + shoagcu- ‘learn’]

shesyplash /ʃɛsiˈplaʃ/ n. tortoise [she- + syplash- obs. ‘be slow’]

sheysht /ʃɛˈiʃt/ n. hunter [she- + ysht- ‘hunt’]

shim /ʃim/ n. side; pre. next to

shirȇc /ˈʃirɛk/ n. insect

shoadh /ʃɔð/ n. tail

shoadhȏc /ˈʃɔðok/ n. occurence, incidence, incident, time

shoadhuo̾ac /ˈʃɔðwɔk/ n. something opportune, well-timed, auspicious [trunc. shoadhȏc ‘occurence, time’ + -uo̾ac]

shoagcuan /ʃɔnˈkwan/ v-t. learn, study

shoalch /ʃɔlχ/ v-i. fade away, vanish, dissipate, disappear

shoap-ach /ʃɔˈpə͡a̯χ/ n. garden

shȏȃt /ʃo̯͡ɔt/ n. (pl. sashȏȃt /saˈʃo̯͡ɔt/) law, rule

shocȃsh /ˈʃokaʃ/ n-cl. grain

shol /ʃol/ n. leek

shoshtach /ʃoʃˈtaχ/ a. 1. fragile, delicate, breakable (object); 2. sensitive, easily hurt (person))

shoshtan /ʃoʃˈtan/ v-i. be soft

shot1 /ʃot/ a. true, right, correct

shot2 /ʃot/ adv. when? [trunc. shoadhȏc ‘time’ + -ot]

shotȇs /ˈʃotɛs/ a. unsettling, creepy, disturbing, eerie

shwnofiedh /ʃunoˈɸjɛð/ n. habit [shwnop ‘repeat’ + -uedh]

shwnopan /ʃunoˈpan/ v-i., v-al. return, go back, come back; v-i. heal, recover, get better; v-v. repeat, do again

shwtan /ʃuˈtan/ v-t. 1. catch, trap; 2. find, locate (something that was lost)

shwth /ʃuθ/ a. wise, smart, intelligent

shwthuedh /ʃuθˈwɛð/ n. 1. speech, address; 2. opinion, take, vote, proposal, suggestion [shwth ‘wise’ + -uedh]

siec /sjɛk/ n. nobody, no one

sielot /sjɛˈlot/ n. east [sie- + alot ‘sun’]

sielt /sjɛlt/ a. fat

sieno /ˈsjɛno/ n. (def. sienw /sjɛˈnu/) father

sifchan /siɸˈχan/ v-i. happen, occur

silnw /silˈnu/ n. heart; pre. in

sinyr /siˈnir/ d. less than half

siot /sjot/ v-i. collapse, faint

siul /sjul/ v-v. 1. might, may; 2. like; 3. prefer

soaman /sɔˈman/ v-t. hear

soant /sɔnt/ v-s. expect, trust, count on

soatith /sɔˈtiθ/ n. rope

soembe /ˈso̯͡ɛmbɛ/ n. beak

soenpish /ˈso̯͡ɛnpiʃ/ v-ab. 1. recognize, recall; 2. be used to

sogab /soˈab/ v-i. redo, do over, do again. repeat

sogch /soχ/ n. milk

soin /soˈin/ n-cl. (no sg.) fun, pleasure

somac /soˈmak/ a. hot

somach /soˈmaχ/ n. heat, warmth

somacnofan /soˌmaknoˈɸan/ v-t. 1. heat; 2. bake [somac ‘hot’ + -nof]

somfen /somˈɸɛn/ adv. soon, quickly

somonshan /somonˈʃan/ v-i. be indecisive, deliberate, think over, mull over

somperchan /sompɛrˈχan/ v-s. admit

sonel /soˈnɛl/ n. ocean

sonȇs /ˈsonɛs/ n. (def. soniȇch /ˈsonjɛχ/) wood

soptes /sopˈtɛs/ n. (def. sopt-as /sopˈtə͡a̯s/, pl. ruȏptes /ˈru͡o̯ptɛs/, def. pl. ruȏpt-as /ru͡o̯pˈtə͡a̯s/) deer

suifoan /swiˈɸɔn/ v-t. push, press

suir /swir/ n. hair

swlwfin /suluˈɸin/ n-cl. (no sg.) panic, terror, fear, fright, rage, hysteria

syapw /si.aˈpu/ n. crack, break, tear, rip

syb /sib/ n. (pl. t-shyb /tə̥ˈʃib/) fruit

sydh /sið/ v-t. grind, crush

sygch /siχ/ n. (def. synoch /siˈnoχ/, pl. saiogch /ˈsa͡ɪ̯.oχ/, def. pl. syogch /siˈoχ/) sound, noise

syloll /siˈloɬ/ n. cucumber̉

synan /siˈnan/ v-t. remove, take out, extract

synȏt /ˈsinot/ n. layer [syn ‘remove’ + -nȏt]

syplashach /siplaˈʃaχ/ adj. 1. slow, sluggish; 2. procastinating, delaying, lazy [syplash- ‘delay’ + -ach]

syplashan /siplaˈʃan/ v-al. delay, put off, postpone

s-ab /sə͡a̯b/ n. (pl. t-sh-ab /tə̥ˈʃə͡a̯b/, pl. s-am-ch /ˈsə͡a̯mə̥χ/, def. pl. t-sh-am-ch /tə̥ˈʃə͡a̯mə̥χ/) pearl

s-at /sə͡a̯t/ adv. never

t

tabrin /taˈbrin/ n-cl. (no sg.) confusion, frustration: iascole tabrin ‘I'm frustrated/confused’

tafent /taˈɸɛnt/ n. shrug

taf-s /ˈtaɸə̥s/ a. light (weight); ~ plyedhw̑ high-voiced, high-pitched

taint /ta͡ɪ̯nt/ n. table

talet /taˈlɛt/ n. baby

taletedh /taˌlɛˈtɛð/ n. birth, delivery

talnofan /talnoˈɸan/ v-i. give birth

tana /ˈtana/ n. (pl. tafnana /taɸˈnana/) material, ingredient, component

taneb /taˈnɛb/ v-i. choke

tanch /tanχ/ pro. you (pl.)

tanialan /ˌtanjaˈlan/ pre. around, surrounding

tanialanȇch /ˌtanjaˈlanɛχ/ v-ab. 1. surround, go around, walk around, circle; 2. be on the outskirts of, be just outside

tanialanofan /ˌtanjaˌlanoˈɸan/ v-t. place around something/someone, surround with

tansan /tanˈsan/ pre. far from, distant from

tansanȇch /tanˈsanɛχ/ v-ab. be far from, keep distance from, keep away from

tansanofan /tansanoˈɸan/ v-t. keep away, distance from something/someone

tansh /tanʃ/ n. top; pre. above, over

tany /ˈtani/ pro. we

tarw /taˈru/ pro. indefinite plural (ones, people)

tebesc̾ach /tɛˌbɛsˈχaχ/ a. quarrelsome, belligerent, hotheaded

tefolȏan /tɛɸoˈlo̯͡an/ v-s. instruct, tell

tegchet /tɛˈχɛt/ n. ankle

telc /tɛlk/ n. (pl. noathelch /nɔˈθɛlχ/) 1. advantage, edge, benefit; 2. improvement, innovation, advancement, progress

telȇsh /ˈtɛlɛʃ/ n. (def. teli-ch /ˈtɛljə̥χ/) task, chore, job

telimet /tɛliˈmɛt/ v-i. 1. breathe; 2. inflate, swell, rise (dough); v-al. blow on; v-p. breathe in

telogc /tɛˈlonk/ n. plant [bf. from irregular plural tantelogc < singular nelogc]

telsoo̾ash /tɛlˈso.ɔʃ/ n. (def. telsȏȃsh /tɛlˈso̯͡ɔʃ/) brain

telwnt /tɛˈlunt/ n-cl. (sg. teligc /tɛˈlink/) ants

ten /tɛn/ pro. they (m.)

teninȃn /tɛˈninan/ v-t. 1. knock down, knock over, fell; 2. throw off, rip off, tear off

tensh /tɛnʃ/ n. leopard

tent /tɛnt/ n-cl. blood

tentach /tɛnˈtaχ/ a. vicious, violent, bloodthirsty [tent ‘blood’ + -ach]

teny /ˈtɛni/ n. road

thac /θak/ n. step, stair

thall /θaɬ/ n. worm

thashet /θaˈʃɛt/ v-t. fool, trick, cheat, swindle

thel /θɛl/ n. light

thele̾ /ˈθɛlɛwɛ/ n. rays of light, spots of light

thelaipan /θɛla͡ɪ̯ˈpan/ v-i. wake up, awake

thenȇsh /ˈθɛnɛʃ/ n. comb

thib /θib/ n-cl. (sg. thiuȇgc /ˈθiwɛnk) leaf

thȏasac /ˈθo̯͡asak/ n. incursion, breach, intrusion

thoȏs /ˈθo.os/ n-cl. dull pain in head or stomach, headache, stomachache

thosh /θoʃ/ n. (pl. theuȇsh /ˈθɛwɛʃ/) child, kid

thuefon /θwɛˈɸon/ n. attention, attention to detail, dedication

thwf /θuɸ/ v-i. rain

thy /θi/ n. 1. bottom; 2. ground, floor; a. low; pre. under

thyt /θit/ n-cl. (sg. thysȇgc /ˈθisɛnk/) fish

th-alan /θə͡a̯ˈlan/ v-t. drink

th-ralwn /θə̥raˈlun/ n. Thralanian language

th-thwȇch /θə̥ˈθu.ɛχ/ v-t. burn, incinerate

toashȏat /tɔˈʃo̯͡at/ v-t. choke

tȏȃth /to̯͡ɔθ/ n. (pl. yntȏȃth /inˈto̯͡ɔθ/) stake, peg

toechan /to̯͡ɛˈχan/ v-i. croak, ribbit

toet /to̯͡ɛt/ n. stem, stalk

tofotin /toɸoˈtin/ n-cl. (no sg.) trauma, shock

togteb /toˈtɛb/ v-i. rot, decay

toleth /toˈlɛθ/ v-t. need

toteb /toˈtɛb/ v-p. mold, fashion, shape (Obj: material)

totegc /toˈtɛnk/ n. orphan

tuliwl /tulˈjul/ n-cl. (sg. tuliwgc /tulˈjunk/) fleas

tuol /twol/ i. how can it be?, what happened?

tw /tu/ n. here

twf’twmant /ˌtuɸtuˈmant/ n. cellar

twlb /tulb/ v-t. block, obstruct, stop up

twlwȇch /tuˈlu.ɛχ/ v-t. cling to, stick to, grip (esp. plant) [twlwl]

twlwl /tuˈlul/ n-cl. something clingy, sticky, gripping (esp. part of plant)

twman /tuˈman/ num. four

twnaran /tunaˈran/ v-t. kill, slay, murder

twnarant /tunaˈrant/ n. killing, slaying, murders

twp /tup/ n. 1. room (in building); 2. gathering area

twp’wlb /tuˈpulb/ n. wound

twpws /tuˈpus/ v-t. forget (information)

twran /tuˈran/ n. layabout

twys /tuˈis/ adv. infrequently, rarely, seldom

tynthw /tinˈθu/ n. (pl. tyncwlch /tinˈkulχ/) strand, fiber

t-arny /ˈtə͡a̯rni/ n. doubt

t-llef /tə̥ˈɬɛɸ/ pro. they (f.)

t-n-al /tə̥ˈnə͡a̯l/ v-i. be intriguing, be mysterious

t-ni /tə̥ˈni/ pro. they (n.)

t-yn /tə̥ˈin/ n. string, thread

u

uain /wa͡ɪ̯n/ n-cl. (def. uaigȇgc /ˈwa͡ɪ̯.ɛnk/, def. uaigecna /wa͡ɪ̯ˈɛkna/) grass

uaishep /ˈwa͡ɪ̯ʃɛp/ n-cl. (sg. uaieshȇgc /wa͡ɪ̯ˈɛʃɛnk/) fat

uampach /wamˈpaχ/ a. gets things done, finishes things [uamp- ‘finish’ + -ach]

uampan /wamˈpan/ v-t. 1. finish, conclude; 2. fill; ~ netf-ch completely finish, finish every last thing

uan /wan/ v-i. go, walk (S: animal)

uashelwren /waʃɛluˈrɛn/ v-t., v-s. 1. deny, dismiss; 2. prevent, thwart, frustrate

ua-mȃc /ˈwa͡ə̯mak/ v-p. adapt to, adjust to

ueniȇc /ˈwɛnjɛk/ n. beer

uoapȃp /ˈwɔpap/ n. meeting, gathering, assembly

uogcmy /ˈwonkmi/ n. (def. uogcm-ch /ˈwonkmə̥χ/) plate, dish

uoshuesh /woˈʃwɛʃ/ n. (def. uoshuuȏch /woˈʃwu͡o̯χ/) skull

uolop /woˈlop/ n. castle, fortress

uwmonȇsh /wuˈmonɛʃ/ n. (def. uwmoni-ch /wuˈmonjə̥χ/) knee

uwn /wun/ adv. always

uylt /wilt/ n-cl. battlement

w

w /u/ n. there

wdh /uð/ c. when

wdhcwl /uðˈkul/ n. twilight

wlb /ulb/ v-i. hurt

wlil /uˈlil/ n. (def. wlielc /ulˈjɛlk/) mine

wlor /uˈlor/ adv. enjoy

wmaset /umaˈsɛt/ v-i. be terrified

wnan /unan/ v-i. die

wnant /uˈnant/ n. death

wnantach /unanˈtaχ/ a. 1. sickly; 2. moribund, on one's deathbed

wpwnch /uˈpunχ/ n-cl. sand

wrmȇsh /ˈurmɛʃ/ n-cl. (sg. wrmȇgc /ˈurmɛnk/) ember

wshȏashan /uʃo̯͡aˈʃan/ v-s. request, ask (that someone do something)

wshwr /uˈʃur/ n. song

wshwrȏs /uˈʃuros/ n. music [wshwr + -ȏs]

wthuan /uˈθwan/ v-i. why?

wthuedh /uˈθwɛð/ n. reason, cause, source, origin [wthu- ‘why?’ + -uedh] ‘why’]

y

y /i/ pro. I

yaplap /i.aˈplap/ v-i. dance

yb /ib/ n-cl. (def. cl. yȃb /ˈi.ab/ or -ab /ə͡a̯b/, sg. ygc /ink/, def. sg. ygcna /ˈinkna/) options, choices, possibilities

yf /iɸ/ n. (def. yȃf /ˈi.aɸ/ or -af /ə͡a̯ɸ/) gift, present

ymwn /iˈmun/ n. forgetfulness, absentmindedness, senility

yn /in/ n. (def. i-an /jə͡a̯n/, pl. sain /sa͡ɪ̯n/, def. pl. saiyn /saˈjin/) hawk

ynoet /iˈno̯͡ɛt/ n. comfort, contentment, relaxation, calmness

ynoetach /iˈno̯͡ɛtaχ/ a. laid-back, content, relaxed, calm [ynoet ‘contentment’ + -ach]

ysc /isk/ n. (pl. noaysc /nɔˈisk/) boat, ship

ysha-t /iˈʃa͡ə̯t/ a. quiet

yshtan /iʃˈtan/ v-i. hunt