Sngõlpowhetet-English Dictionary

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Introduction

This is a dictionary of Sngõlpowhetet, a constructed language. Words are listed in English alphabetical order.

A number of idiomatic phrases and collocations are listed. For consistency, combinations of verb and nouns are always listed with the verb; those of several nouns are listed with the first word in the phrase. In these entries, a tilde (~) stands for the head word.

Grammatical specifications

Parts of speech are indicated in italics for each Sngõlpowhetet entry. The following abbreviations are used:

a adjective
i interjection
n noun
num number
pred predicate
pro pronoun
v verb

Noun classes are indicated by the following:

c cold
t tool
w warm
Etymologies

Etymologies for some words are given in square brackets. If a source word is given with no language specified, it is from an older form of Sngõlpowhetet.

a

abatf v. pick up

aicëh n-c. knee

aı͑mn n-w. spelt

alatf v. jump

alơe͑t pred. distant

anfı͑ v. avalanche

angfi n-t. adze

b

bba͑ihi v. give up

be͑cngi v. laugh

beën n-w. nurse

behõtn n. peacock

bël n-w. stranger

betet n-w. dog

bı͑h n. saffron

bngõil n-c. goblin

bob n-t. shrine

boh n-c. feather

bosc v. be a spiral

bõs v. sing

buln n-c. storm

c

caev n-c. shadow, shade

caex v. have the opinion that

ca͑ij v. guard, look out

caim n-t. ladle

canant num. two

canaz num. fourteen

cbne̗tscna v. recover

cëcng n-c. puddle

ceël n-c. underside

cëlapm n-w. house

cëmb v. annoy, bother, pester

ceõl n-w. snake

cessoi n. council

cetc n-c. silver

cfiw n-t. mine

claum n-w. oats

cnaj n-w. jerk

coacng n-w. leader, chief, clan head

coapm n-t. hat

cohva͑b v. snore

coib v. tie

cơitmna͑tf v. descibe

colibh n-w. rabies

cop n-w. squirrel

coshf n-c. dirge, lament

cot n-w. nose

cotĩ n-c. word

cõttõc n-c. beetle

cowp n-w. father

cub n-c. answer

cuic a. big

cun n-t. bead

cuv n-c. water

cwĩ n-w. vulture

cwif v. give birth

e

ebbe n-w. wheat

efaenti n-c. yogurt

elsh n-t. hook

ëmb v. wave

ëmpoauëc n-t. coin

ëmshtp n-t. bag

ënmëtac n-t. sail

ëpm n-t. roof

ësco͑ëx v. urinate

ësngĩ n-c. worm

ëzmtau ?. ?

f

faf n-c. bone

faun n-w. bouquet

fëng n-w. egg (chicken)

fhaotn a. regular, normal, standard, usual

fhaung n-c. cave

fheĩ n-w. gold

fhën v. hit, punch

fhienj n-t. web

fhoez v. cut off, remove

fietf n-c. cold soup

fiez n-c. pillow

fifi num. three

fifiz num. fifteen

fij n-w. sand

fiuj n. zedoary

fiutw n-t. bow (weapon)

fı͑õlp n. claw

fngĩ n-w. bear

fngit n-c. tooth

fno̰͑ëtc v. laugh

fnwngcat n-t. sword

fo͑ëm a. understand (deeply)

fõl n-w. mist

fõnp v. cure, heal

fsoĩ n-c. heron

fuz v. hit

fvan n-c. duck (female)

h

hai n-t. boat

hëco n-w. intestine

heffĩ n-c. bruise

hi̛az n-c. glass

hoil n-w. fat

hõil n-w. friend

hõl n-w. fox

hon n-t. basket

ho͑o n. morning

hõsas n-w. question

hoshf n-w. song

howl n-c. peach

hox n-w. arm

huh n-t. saw

humng a. darkened, shadowy

huntn n-c. star

hux n. truffle

hwl n-t. axle

i

iafzex n-w. stew

iaj n-c. cave

ienxc n-c. moth

ihhaı͑ n-w. smoke

ijsti n-t. bridge

ilb n-w. lamb

iloa n-c. ground

imme̤͑f v. meow

imng v. extinguish, put out

infs pred. enough, too much

injtv v. be surprised

inu͑x v. be foolish

iske n-t. bandage

isnvi n-w. unripe grape

istmli n-w. sheep

iuntn num. five

iuntnzuf num. seventeen

iv n-w. mouth

iwhucng num. twice [used in number formation]

izec n-c. clearing

ı͑nux v. drip

ı͑shlı͑c n-c. potash

ı͑xt v. sweat

j

jaj n-t. toy

jatn n-c. witchcraft, sorcery, black magic, necromancy

jet n-w. right leg

jiõj n-w. daughter

ji̗t v. water

jlijt v. crack (nut)

jmaets n-w. cumin

jo͑en n. throat

jo͑eti n-t. sinew

joil n-t. rope

jõiz n-c. sky

jowl n-t. cane, walking stick

jufhe v. write

jui a. empty

jvat a. tall

l

laes v. pour

n-w. pepper (spice)

limp n-c. snow

linglma n-c. mint

lintësc n-c. pit, hole

lõëm n-w. bush

loiëm͑ng n-w. quail

lõ̗l v. prophesy

lujul n-t. dictionary

lulm v. bother, annoy

lwlc v. be morning

lw͑phõi v. dream

m

maiz num. fourteen

mangc num. ten

mangczuf num. twenty-two

ma͑z v. learn

maznga͑x v. migrate

mëcsh n-t. arrow (weapon)

mëll n-w. hare

mëshngav n-c. nostalgia, longing

mic num. four

mijb v. lie down

miõng n-t. knife

mip n-w. ant

mi̛upm n-t. law

mizina͑tf v. smile

mma͑s v. cradle

mơa͑h v. cut

mơ͑ahs n-t. work, job, task

moi1 v. enter

moi2 n-w. tail

mongc n-w. son

mõxuj ?. ?

muijsh n-c. sapphire

mup n-w. leaf

mwhh n. chunk, hunk, slab of something

n

naib num. one

na̗ngn v. see

na͑ngu v. give

napasulc v. be night

nëcop n-w. grandfather

ngainsu͑t v. curdle

nga͑ngux n-w. fire

ngasibh n-c. hypothermia

ngeb v. raze

ngec n. branch

ngeën n-c. eye

ngelm a. 1. tasteless; 2. transparent, clear

ngëmx v. babble

nge̤͑ng v. bleat

ngëpĩ n-w. rib

ngëpoh n-w. chickpea

nges n-t. string

ngetf v. pluck

ngeti n. catfish

ngëz n-c. river

ngingp n-c. pupil (eye)

ngơai n-w. belly

ngoëngs̛h n-w. sapling

ngơwh n-c. metal

ngowv n-t. log

ngpënz n-t. shovel

ngsëm n-w. idiot, moron

ngsheë n-w. flint

ngsibh v. slice

ngtëj n-t. bowl

ngtwj n-c. pillar

ngui n-t. scale (for measuring)

ngu͑nush v. die

ngvas n-t. chair

ni̗ v. fall

niaf n-w. hand

nica͑mv n-w. chief, leader [coapm ‘hat’]

nija͑nj n-c. witch, sorcerer, necromancer [jatn ‘witchcraft’]

nilil n-c. cat

noc n-c. frog

noëfs̛hë n-w. skull

noën v. thank

nosc n-c. tooth

nowh n-w. goat

nowsh n-w. dress

ntx͑ië v. store

ntë n-t. hoe

nuhif num. thirteen

nuloi n-t. hammer

nu͑n v. tear

nwj n. food

o

ơahn n-t. shirt

o͑f n-c. mouse

õib v. cry

õin v. leave alone

ojiu adj. hairy

õlz n-c. seed

onga n-w. mother

ongc n-w. yak

onon n-c. yeti

o͑tta n-w. ash

owl v. perform, do one’s job

ozĩ n-c. apricot

p

pabes n. prison, jail

pa͑hesh v. emit smoke

paic a. ugly

paj n-w. girl

pajjë a. long

pangĩ n-c. lump

pele̤͑b v. sacrifice

pe̗lëb v. sleep

pellenı͑tf v. paint

pemn n-t. megalith

pescet a. sour

pien n. corner

piha n-w. tongue

pisi n-t. spoon

piwz n-c. celery

plaing n-t. bucket, pail

pming n-w. root (of plant)

pngõil n-c. air

pobbot n-w. snail

poel n-w. beauty (relating to warm noun)

pơens n-w. turtle

põinet n. trout

poiseng num. six

poisengzuf num. eighteen

pospël n-c. nightingale

pov n-t. string, thread

powsh num. nine

powshzuf num. twenty-one

pơ͑wtn n-w. shaman

pơwv n-w. ruby

puëm a. bitter

puëp n-w. star

pui v. undress

puln v. mend, fix, repair (clothing)

pumcab n-c. sour cherry

punngo n-c. rock, stone

punt n-w. wound

p͑w͑ilnõx v. snow

pxingp n-c. snowflake

pxliõt v. peel

pzal v. have a color

pzaun n-c. wing (of insect)

s

samc n-t. tunnel

sangcnul n-c. beauty (relating to cold or tool noun)

sapm n-w. left leg

sa̗ttme v. be jealous

scang v. braid

scapm n-w. love

scëx n-c. coriander

scft v. prune

scna͑b v. grant

scowcv n-t. dust

scuëti a. sweet

sëb v. benefit

seëb n-w. deer

së̗m v. die

sëngtm v. dig

shah n-w. tongue

shaim n-w. duck (male)

sham n-w. mountain

shbal n-w. walnut

shëc n-w. finger

sheël n-c. monster

s̛hël n-t. ring

shfëx n-w. woman

shfopl n-c. orchard

s̛hinj n-c. reflection

shipm n-c. apple

shiv n-t. spear

shjai num. eighteen

shjaiczuf num. twenty

shngit n-c. eye

shngonge v. choose, pick

shngo͑nge v. scream

shoët v. understand

shpjı͑e̤͑tx v. retort

s̛hucf n-c. snow blowing in the wind

s̛huëp v. rest

shujf v. poke, jab

sibbic n-c. dough

sin n-c. fish

sinĩ n-w. head (of animal)

siw͑x adj. noble

smwz v. be afternoon

snaj n-t. coat

sna͑ngsca v. abdicate

snauj n-c. corpse

sngab n-w. wing (of bird)

sngaeb n-c. reflection

sngaiwbh n-c. leprosy

sngleën v. repeat

sngõt n-c. berry

soanpe͑ v. be barefoot

soibh n-w. pica

somb n-t. mistake

somc n-c. foot

somng v. remember fondly

somoi n-c. head (of person)

sõnb n-c. beak

sotf v. spell

sõvsh n-w. bread

sowh n-c. cabbage

susĩ n-w. liver

t

tafti n-w. spouse, husband, wife

ta͑on n-w. desert

tate͑tf v. run

taze͑ v. melt

tcwnshow͑t v. sit

teëm n-w. hot soup

tef n-c. ear

teffis n-w. millet

teftĩ n-w. flea

tefting n-w. wisdom

tëh n-w. pigeon

tehhoi n-t. burial mound

telv n-t. sequence of steps, stairway [tev ‘step’]

tev n-t. step, stair

tflal v. realize

tingxi n-w. grandmother

tisi n. justice, fairness

tissavetf v. count

tı͑ëmsh n-c. lake

tı͑e͑p v. put

tı͑õmw n-c. fish

tlolc v. be evening

tnw͑c v. grin

tơac n-t. boat

tơai n-w. bark

toang n-w. idea, thought

tơe͑f v. sleep (for a long time)

toesfĩ n-w. pistachio

toesi n. vengeance, revenge

toez n-w. quince

tõfa͑n v. feel full

to̗hpi v. grumble

tõijntn v. rain

tõil adj. be rare, uncommon

tõilz n-t. axe

tõinnës n-w. flying squirrel

tojb n-c. firewood

tolx n-t. ladder [telv ‘staircase’ < tev ‘step’]

tõtpõm n-w. lip

tơ͑whhwn v. pray

tows n-c. fingernail, toenail

towsh n-w. bird

tui v. pull

tw̗ic v. pat, pet

twp n-w. brother

twtu n-w. rabbit

twz n-w. dirt

txoël a. 1. thick; 2. hard

u

uffoi n-w. red panda

ulmibh n-c. frostbite

ulul n-c. pumpkin

uxu͑ngx n-w. bat (animal)

v

vahĩ adj. astringent

vaisc n-w. honey

vashjı͑t v. need

vaung n-w. devil

vaux n. nothing

vëj n-w. door

vënxai n-c. glass

vien n-w. sun

vinsh v. 1. say, speak; 2. read

viv n-c. flood

vı͑õ v. sneer

vngelv v. announce [vngev ‘loud’]

vngev a. loud

vngolx n-t. horn (instrument) [vngelv ‘announce’ < vngev ‘loud’]

vo n. medlar

voail n-t. cage

voh n-c. shore, bank, beach

voi n-w. island

voil n-w. meat

volvõl n-w. blood

võng n-c. fly

võntoc n-w. heart

vosce͑xu v. slander

võs̛hı͑ë n-w. sister

vui v. marry

vuvujsh v. bark

vw̛it pred. close, near

w

wfõl n-w. neck

wifsnwn n. wind

w̛il n-c. ice

w̛in n-w. animal skin, leather

wmngë n-c. moon

w͑n v. give

wnngë num. seven

wnngzuf num. nineteen

ws̛hu v. lie

x

xa n-w. blood

xaef n-t. spear

xang v. blink

xa͑ng n-w. lion

xashb n-w. horse

xef n-w. boy

xev n-c. grape

xhaif n-c. carrion

xilõ n-w. tree

xit v. necessary, need

xilõ n-w. tree

xixnı͑ec n-w. snow leopard

xlingp n-w. splinter

xlõm n-w. wood

xnebect num. eleven

xnectzuf num. twenty-three

xngë̗b v. drink

xnglaul v. scream

xnwfwil n-c. cucumber

xơaz v. laugh

xoil n-t. necklace

xõit n-t. shoe

xo̰͑pël v. help

xơ͑whh v. count

xowlsh n-t. net

z

zaiazi n-w. cockroach

zans n-c. cloud

zashbe n-t. wheel

zish n-c. brass

ziz n-c. diamond

znauj v. defy, stand up to, resist

zoa͑b v. betray

zo͑ezp v. speak

zo͑ezze n. language

zõi n-w. swan

zoit n-t. garbage

zõn n-w. salt

zõtf n-t. club, bat

zpaiut v. differ, be different

zpanta͑ n-w. lark

zuf num. twelve

zuln n-w. ember

zwiz n-c. barberry

zw͑nghë n-w. muscle

zwzu n-w. man